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Ancient Greek Theater History
Transcript of Ancient Greek Theater History
presented by: Malik Davis,
Mary Church, Sarah McGuire,
Kaitlyn Agcaoili In Ancient Greece they believed in gods and goddesses. Particularly the “Big Three” whom were the god of the sky, Zeus; the god of the sea, Poseidon; and
The god of the underworld, Hades. They emerged after the Titans, who ruled a dark world with no human beings and so Zeus, born from Kronos the Titan Lord and God of time, took over with his two brothers Hades and Poseidon. Greeks took their religion seriously and when they harvested wheat or made wine it was their way of honoring their gods. Wheat was to honor the goddess of harvest and wine the god of wine and festivity. Greeks ate all type of foods that were readily available
to them. This included:
-bread ( in honor of Demeter and Persophone)
-wine (in honor of Dionysus)
-olives/olive oil (criminal offense if tree was uprooted)
-dairy (mainly goat cheese and yogurt)
-fish, eggs, fruit
-meat (rare and mostly on special occassions)
-porridge Entertainment Center The Playhouse Plays were held outside in outdoor amphitheaters with three sections:
Orchestra was today's stage, skene was the greenroom. Faces Who Wrote Them? One festival in Athens, held to honour Dionysus, involved a competition between playwrights. This led to the creation of some of the best known plays from ancient Greece, written by people such as Sophokles, Euripides and Aristophanes and Aeschulus.
What they wrote:
Sophokles - "Antigone", "Oedipus the King", "Ajax"
Aeschylus - "The Persians", "Prometheus Bounds"
Euripides - "Helen", "Electra", "Heracles", "Medea"
Aristophanes - "Lysistrata" Living in Ancient Greece Now Sit back.
And Enjoy the
See you in 776 B.C. ! 776 B.C. - 323 B.C. -clothing was handmade
-consisted of togas (which women were not allowed to wear)
-two main garments were tunic (peplos or chiton) and cloak (himation)
-women wore long tunics whereas men wore knee-length tunics
-footwear: sandals, slippers and boots
-commoners wore white mainly and royals wore deep purple -theaters were called theatrons
-played checkers for fun (our version of backgammon)
-drama was a big part of Grecian life
-trained for military or discussed political issues
-women were not allowed to attend the theater or participate in any political discussion/event
-women spun and weaved
-another entertainment was the Olympic Games (dedicated to Zeus) and Python Games (dedicated to Apollo) -actors wore masks and heavy makeup
-masks were also used to amplify the actor's voice
-made mainly out of linen or cork (none have survived)
-masks had exaggerated expressions of comic relief or tragedy
-actors also wore colorful fabrics for costumes and jewelry in order to tell if the actor was portraying a male or female -life in Ancient Greece was quite different for men and women
-men were expected to take an active part in the public and political life
-men and women were separated in their homes (there were designated rooms for men/women)
-families of reasonable wealth would have slaves carry out the household chores or help bring up children
-at the center of the Greek house there was a courtyard and a well Architecture -Greeks believed that architecture was
all about mathematical principles
-they built beautiful temples held up by stone columns
-columns were decorated with friezes and carved with stone figures
-three styles of columns in Greek architecture:
3. Corinthian Ancient Greek Drama Facts -Prohedria was the front seating privilege.
Term referred as both the pirivlege and location.
-In "Ornithes" the hero becomes a bird and later finds a city in the sky called the Cloudcuckooland.
-There were 24 members of a chorus in a comedy play.
-The word comedy derives from the Greek "komodia". A komos is a communal ritual carous part of the festival of Dionysus. How it Began Zeus then created humans and civilization began. There were many other gods as well
including the infamous Dionysus, the god of wine and celebration. Theater was a huge deal in Ancient Greece and theaters were dedicated to Dionysus to honor the god and plays were made to honor other gods and goddesses. Their stories retold through the art of drama in an amphitheater seating hundreds of people. Greek Theater - at first theaters were only used for festivals
-they could hold over 18,000 people
-built on hillsides
-plays were either spoken or sung
-plays were either tragedies or comedies
-tragedies were often about the past whereas comedies were about current and everyday life
-actors in comedies wore bright colors, actors in tragedies wore dark colors