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Rhetorical Analysis

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tori brungart

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of Rhetorical Analysis

George Bush-history
43rd President of the U.S. from 2001-2009
46th Governor of Texas from 1995-1993
Created Department of Homeland Security after 9/11
Signed No Child Left Behind Act in 2002
responded to Hurricane Katrina as president
made biggest tax cut in American history
led nation into war in Iraq
Barack Obama - history
44th President of the United States
Senator of Illinois prior to presidency
published "Dreams of My Father"
Raised minimum rage, extends Bush's tax cuts, Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), repealed Defense of Marriage Act
ordered military operation that resulted in the death of Osama Bin Ladan, signed New Start Treaty, and worked to pull out troops in Iraq
Barack Obama "A New Beginning"
His speech in Cairo on June 4th, 2009 is about starting a new beginning with mutual respect between Muslims and Americans. Obama explains he wants to move forward with peace and respect.
Compare and Contrast
more differences than similarities
Bush's address to Congress
His speech takes place September 20, 2001 nine days after September 11th. His speech addresses the nation regarding the 9/11 attack and provides a response and a direction.
Bush explains that Al Queda is responsible and "war on terror" is necessary.
Rhetorical Analysis
George Bush Address to Congress
&
Barack Obama "The New Beginning"

Logos
(logical appeal to reason)
"American's have known wars -- but for the past 126 years, they have been wars on foreign soil, except for one Sunday in 1941"
"Nor will we forget the citizens of 80 other nations who died with our own: dozens of Pakistanis; more than 130 Israelis; more than 250 citizens of India; men and women from El Salvador, Iran, Mexico, and Japan; and hundreds of British citizens. America has no truer friend than Great Britain."
"We will not forget South Korean children gathering to pray outside our embassy in Seoul, or the prayers of sympathy offered at a mosque in Cairo. We will not forget moments of silence and days of mourning in Australia and Africa and Latin America"
Pathos
(pathetic appeal)
"In the normal course of events, Presidents come to this chamber to report on the state of the Union. Tonight, no such report is needed. It has already been delivered by the American people."
"All of America was touched on the evening of the tragedy to see Republicans and Democrats singing God Bless America together on the steps of the capitol"
"We have seen it in the courage of passengers, who rushed terrorits to save others on the ground -- passengers like an exceptional man named Todd Beamer."
"We'll remember the moment the news came -- where we were and what we were doing. Some will remember an image of a fire, or a story of rescue. Some will carry memories of a face and a voice gone forever"

Misuse of Pathos
Scare Tactic:
"we have to do these things against the terrorists or we will all perish"
"We will starve terrorists of funding, turn them one against another, drive them from place to place, until there is no refuge or no rest. And we will pursue nations that provide aid or safe haven to terrorism."
"It may include dramatic strikes, visible on TV, and covert operations, secret even in success."
Logical Fallacy
Either or Argument: "Either you are with us, or you are with the terrorist"
Ethos
(Ethical Appeal)
He is the President and a trusted leader
He is respectful, caring, and compassionate
- "and on behalf of the American people, I thank the world for it's outpouring support"
Tries to comfort and inform the people rather than talking about himself as a leader
Logos
"That is why there is a mosque in every state in our union, and over 1,200 mosques within our borders"
"and that includes nearly 7 million American Muslims in our country today..."
"I'm aware that there's still some who would question or even justify the events of 9/11. But let us be clear: Al Qaeda killed nearly 3,000 people on that day."

Pathos
Misuse of Pathos
Slippery Slope: "In all nations, including America, this change can bring fear. Fear that because of modernity, we lose control over economic choices, our politics, and most importantly, our identities, those things we most cherish about our communities, our families, our traditions, and our faith."
Ethos
Obama is a trusted leader because he is the President
"In signing the Treaty of Tripoli in 1796, our second President, John Adams, wrote, "The United States has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion, or tranquility of Muslims."

"As a boy, I spent several years in Indonesia and heard the call of the azaan at the break of dawn and at the fall of dusk. As a young man, I worked in Chicago communities where many found dignity and peace in their Muslim faith. As a student of history, I also know civilization's dept to Islam.
"The dream of opportunity for all people has not become true for everyone in America, but its promise exists for all who come to our shores, and that includes nearly 7 million American Muslims in our country today, who, by the way, have incomes and educational levels that are higher than the American average."
Similarities
Differences
Geographical difference (US and Egypt)
Bush’s aims are to reassure his people, assert America’s strength, identify Al Oueda as an enemy, and inform American people and the world that he is declaring war on terrorism
Obama’s aims are to change the relationship between the US and predominately Muslim world (promote peace, challenge stereotypes, make bridges)
Obama uses Sententia (wise saying to apply a general truth to the situation
A notable absent word in Obama's speech is "terror" or any reference to terrorism where as Bush mentions terrorism frequently
Bush appeals to negative emotion Obama appeals to positive emotions (because of their different aims)
difference in ethos: specifically address different people

they both address Muslims
incorporate repetition of three
"As a boy... As a young man... As a student of history." (Obama)
"We will not forget... we will not forget... nor will we forget." (Bush)
Contrastive pairs:
"We did not go by choice, we went by necessity" (Obama)
"Whether we bring our enemies for justice or bring justice to our enemies, justice" (Bush)
Full transcript