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Geomagnetic storms

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R DiazG

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Geomagnetic storms

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli MAGNETOSPHERE Past Events Effects References USA: NWS (NOAA), NASA, LASP
United Kingdom: BGS, STFC, MetOffice
Japan: NICT
The Netherlands: LOFAR, ESA
Belgium: SSCC (ESA) Mitigation The Sun Carrington, R. C. Description of a Singular Appearance seen in the Sun on September 1, 1859. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 20, p.13-15.
Kappenman, J. Geomagnetic storms and their impacts on the U.S. power grid. 2010. Metatech, Meta-R-319, 197 p.
Kopp, R. A., Pneuman, G. W. Magnetic Reconnection in the corona and the loop prominence phenomenon. 1976. High Altitude Observatory. National Center for Atmospheric Research. Boulder, Colorado.
Lakhina G. S., Alex S., Tsurutani B. T., Gonzalez, W. D. Research on historical records of geomagnetic storms: Coronal and Stellar Mass Ejections. 2005. Proc. IAU Symposium 226, 3-13.
Lanzerotti L J, n.d. Space weather effects on communications.
Litvinenko, Y. E. Photospheric magnetic reconnection and cancelling magnetic features on the Sun. 1999. The Astrophysical Journal, 515: 435-440.
Mildenhall S., Moore J., Attard G, Geomagnetic storms. 2013 Aon Benfiled. Sydney.
Phillips A. Severe Space Weather. Social and economic impacts. 2009. NASA.
Reiff, P. H. The Sun-Earth connection. 1999. Live from the Sun. Rice University. Thank You for listening

Do you have any questions? Prediction CME travel time:
About 17 hours after eruption - Decoupling or shutdown
of power grids
- Spare HV transformers
- Reduced altitude flights
- High precision local clocks
- Triple-redundant chips
- Education
- Protocols Hazards & Risk Assessment:
Rafael F Díaz Gaztelu
3777901 THE SUN CME Management
(lack of) - Large recurrence
- No awareness
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