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Transcript of The Renissance
The Faerie Queen (1596)
Sir Walter Raleigh
Song of Myself
Paradise Lost (1667)
The Alchemist (1610)
(ca. 1587- ca. 1651):
William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
Literature wise, The Renaissance was a rebirth of classical techniques.
Most poets and authors used
an emphasis on extended metaphor.
At the beginning of the Renaissance, poems were often put to music and were known as madrigals.
Beginning in the 14th Century and continuing to the 17th, The Renaissance was known as the "rebirth" because of the intellectual and spiritual transformation between the Middle Ages and Modern era.
The Renaissance was a cultural movement that encouraged artistic freedom, religion, literature, politics and science.
It started in Florence Italy and spread throughout the rest of Europe.
Prior to the Renaissance there were strict guidelines given to art, leaving the artist with little room for creativity.
The poetry broke away from traditional structures, and poets tended to focus on ironic situations in life
Medieval poetry was mainly about religion, clergy, or war. The main purpose was to serve as "oral history" rather than a focus on feelings.
The Renaissance awakened the quest for excellence.
The Life of Man
By: Sir Francis Bacon
The world’s a bubble; and the life of man less than a span.
In his conception wretched; from the womb so to the tomb:
Curst from the cradle, and brought up to years, with cares and fears.
Who then to frail mortality shall trust,
But limns the water, or but writes in dust.
Yet, since with sorrow here we live oppress’d, what life is best?
Courts are but only superficial schools to dandle fools:
The rural parts are turn’d into a den of savage men:
And where’s a city from all vice so free,
But may be term’d the worst of all the three?
Domestic cares afflict the husband’s bed, or pains his head:
Those that live single, take it for a curse, or do things worse:the
Some would have children; those that have them none; or wish them gone.
What is it then to have no wife, but single thralldom or a double strife?
Our own affections still at home to please, is a disease:
To cross the sea to any foreign soil, perils and toil:
Wars with their noise affright us: when they cease,
We are worse in peace:
What then remains, but that we still should cry,
Not to be born, or being born, to die.
Queen Elizabeth I
The Elizabethan Era: 1558 - 1603
The flourishing of art, drama, poetry, and learning in general
The Rebirth of Art
"The Virgin Queen"
During The Renaissance art was given three-dimensional depth and space by using vanishing points, linear perspectives, shadows and horizon lines.
Bacon married Alice Barnham, the daughter of a London alderman. In 1621, he was made Viscount St. Albans. The appointment was not to last long, for in the same year, he was charged with accepting bribes, tried and found guilty. His offices were taken from him and he was sentenced: a fine of L40,000, imprisonment during the king's pleasure, expatriation from parliament and exiled from coming within twelve miles of the court.
Feeling utter disgrace, he went into retirement and devoted the remainder of his life to study and literary work. The parliamentary sentence, however, was not imposed, and King James I practically remitted his fine.
In March 1626, Bacon attempted a scientific experiment; he bought a chicken in order to see how long its flesh could be preserved by stuffing it with snow. He caught cold and went to stay at the Earl of Arundel's house nearby. Bacon preferred the nobleman's best room, where there was a damp bed, to a more modest room in which there was a dry bed.
On April 9, 1626, due to complications arising from bronchitis, Francis Bacon died at Highgate, in the Earl of Arundel's house.
Renaissance artists wanted to provoke emotion through their work. It was a form of visual rhetoric where the viewer felt inspired after casting his/her eyes upon the piece.
Francis Bacon was born in York House, London on January 22, 1561. His Father, Sir Nicholas Bacon, was the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal under Queen Elizabeth I. Bacon studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1573 to 1575. The younger of two sons, Bacon was eighteen when his father died in 1576, leaving him impoverished.
This was the year Bacon gained entrance as a senior governor at a legal education institution, one of the four Inns of Court. He also traveled to France as a part of the English ambassador's suite, but was forced to return to England upon the news of his father's sudden death. He became a resident at Gray's Inn (one of the Inns of Court) and in 1582 was entitled a barrister. Although his career was successful, he had other political and philosophical ambitions. He entered politics but he experienced a tough setback due to his objections to increased expenses of the war against Spain, a position that displeased Queen Elizabeth.
In 1591 Bacon befriended the earl of Essex to whom Bacon offered the friendly advice. Essex in turn recommended Bacon for several high offices without, however, attaining any position. The relationship ended tragically in a failure of an expedition by Essex and his later attempted coup d'etat, which cost the head of Bacon's protector, Essex, in 1604.
Born to King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
Baptized two months before Shakespeare
Only six years of a writing career
Federigo Gonzago; by Francisco Francis
Troubled times marked the final years of Elizabeth's reign. The country suffered from failed crops, unemployment, and inflation.
Rumored to be an aetheist and a spy
Second to Shakespeare in regard to Elizabethan tragic drama
Life in the Renaissance
As Europe transformed from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, the daily life of the average person changed as well. The common folk began to enjoy many more luxuries such as nicer clothes, finer foods, and the fine arts usually reserved for nobles or royalty. Which led to to the "rebirth" of culture and art for many people throughout this era.
The main religion of Renaissance Europe was Christianity and the main church was the Catholic church. However, there were new ideas during this time including a new Christian church called Protestantism. Many different philosophies also sprung up because people began to have different views on life and society as a whole.
- emphasized human nature and initiated new age of intellectual achievement
drifting away from religious themes and focusing more on worldly themes
- focus on logic
- feared religion less and more concerned about the achievements of man
The Common Folk
Although, culture and art flourished, poor people were still mostly farmers. They ate and dressed simply and generally did not leave their farmland.
One of the defining ideas of the Renaissance was humanism. Humanism was a very different concept because it separated from the medieval tradition of having devout religious motivation for creating art or works of literature. Humanist authors were concerned with worldly or profane subjects rather than strictly religious themes.
Renaissance people were concerned with money and the enjoyment of life and all its worldly pleasures. Humanist writers glorified the individual and believed that man was the measure of all things and had unlimited potential.