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Transcript of Sojourner Truth
By Jessica Lipsey
Sojourner's Background Information
Sojourner was born as Isabella Baumfree.
She was born in Swartekill New York in the year of 1797.
She was born into slavery. (1)
Sojourner's family (Baumfree) worked Colonel Hardenbergh's estate. Sojourner was one of the 12 children that her parents (Elizabeth and James) had. Since the area was once owned by the Dutch, the Baumfrees and the Hardenberghs spoke the language. Then the colonel died, leaving his son Charles to take over. Shortly he died in 1806. Truth's Family was then sold and separated. Truth was then sold two more times. She then ended up in West Park N.Y where she spoke English for the 1st time.
Her Life as a Slave (1)
Around 1815, Sojourner Truth fell in love with a fellow slave named Robert. Together they had 2 children but the owner forbidded the relationship.
The two children was not owned by Sojourner Truth and Robert, but the property of the owner. After this, Sojourner and Robert never saw each other again.
Then her owner forced her to marry a slave named Thomas. They had three children Peter, Elizabeth, and Sophia.
In 1799, the state of New York started to abolish slavery. Sojourner's owner didn't emancipated it so she escaped with Sophia in 1826. Sojourner left her son and daughter behind.
(1 and 4)
Getting her son back from slavery
1. "Sojourner Truth Biography". www. biography.com. A&E networks. 28 Sept. 2011. Web. 6 Nov. 2013
2. Blight W. David. "Sojourner Truth". www.History.com . Houghton Mifflin Harcourt publishing. 1991. Web. 6 Nov. 2013
. Gillis, Jennifer Blizin. "Sojourner Truth (1797-1883)". www.nwhm.org. NWHM. March 1 2006. Web. Nov. 6 2013
4. "Sojourner Truth" www.pbs.org. The Faith Project. Inc. 2003. Web. Nov.6 2013
5. Nyquist, Corinne. "On The Trail of Sojourner Truth in Ulster County, New York". www.Newplatz.edu. Newplatz. Oct. 2013. Web. Nov. 6 2013
6. Bristous Duane . "Sojourner Truth" . www.Kyphilom.com . Duane Bristous . 1995. Web . Nov.6 2013
7. "Sojourner Truth" . www.greatwomen.org . National Women's Hall of Fame . 2011 . Web . Nov.6 2013
8. Titus w. Francis . "Sojourner Truth". www.sojournertruth.com . Fstoric, 12:57 A.M. Web. Nov. 6 2013
9. "Illustrations about the history of native Americans". www.journalofseeing.wordpress.com . 23 Feb.2013 . Web. Nov. 2013
10. "Memorial Day 2008". www.vleeptronz.blogspot.com . Vleeptron Dude. 9:57 A.M. Web. 6 Dec. 2013
11."Sojourner Truth Quotes" www.izquotes.com. izquotes . 2013. Web . 11 Dec. 2013
12. "THNKR" www.youtube.com . PODIUM . 2012. Web. 11 Dec. 2013
Married and Escaped
After she escaped, she found out that her son was illegally sold to a slave owner in Alabama.
She took the issue to court and was the first black woman to successfully challenge a white man in court.
She then got her 5 year old son Peter back.
Dedication and Remembrance
Sojourner's Last Days
Shortly after the trial, Truth converted to Christianity.
She then moved to New York City with her son Peter in 1829.
She worked as a housekeeper.
In 1839, her son Peter worked on a whaling ship in Nantucket.
When the ship returned, he was not on
Sojourner never heard from him again.
Conversion and a big loss
Changing a name and devotion
On June 1st 1843, Isabella Baumfree legally changed her name to Sojourner Truth.
Her devotion to Methodism and abolition to slavery quickly grew.
In 1844 she joined the Northampton Association of Education and Industry.
The association in Massachusetts contributed to the abolition of slavery and most importantly for her the rights of women.
Sadly in the year of 1846, the association collapsed. (1)
A Beginning of a New Career
A Big Step
Even though the association ended, Sojourner's career as an activist and women's rights leader had just begun.
In 1850, William Loyd Garrison who was also an activist, published her memoirs.
Her memoir was titled
"The Narrative of
Sojourner Truth; A Northern Slave"
One of The Many Slaves
Ain't I A Woman?
Her Importance During The Civil War
Again in the year of 1850, she spoke at the first National Women's Rights Convention in Worcester Massachusetts.
Soon after that, she began to travel nearly across the country delivering speeches about human rights and abolition towards slavery.
Sojourner was one of the countless slaves to escape (like Harriet Tubman) and become abolitionists and to testament the rights of the enslaved. (1&3)
Towards the last years of her life, Sojourner Truth worked to counsel newly freed slaves with their new lives.
After that she made a petition to set aside land for the slaves. It was to be called "Negro State".
She then spent the rest of her life proclaiming God's love and human rights. (7)
During the Civil War, Sojourner Truth helped to recruit black troops to fight for the Union
She also made clothes and grew food for the Negro Regiments.
On Oct.29 Truth met with President Lincoln to complain about segregated street cars
(1) and (6)
In May of 1851, Sojourner delivered her famous speech titled "Ain't I A Woman?" at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention in Akron.
This speech was a very powerful piece and spoke about equality and rights for all people.
Sadly, Sojourner Truth died on November 26 1883 in her home at Battle Creek Michigan.
She was 86 years old and over one thousand people came to her funeral to honor her.
Today many statues around the country are in place to remember the great activist and her work for equality for all people.
Ex. this one in Florence Massachusetts
Her first language was Dutch when she was a child.
She did not receive a lot of education because she was a slave.
Even though she could not read, she was very intelligent and had a powerful and strong voice.