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Transcript of Mafia
on American Society Political Cause and Effect The 18th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution
Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. National Conventions 23 family bosses in Cleveland, OH
9 territory "crime syndicate" Murder of New Orleans Police Superintendent
Indictments and Acquittal
Bribery and Witness Tampering
Citizen's lynch mob kills 11 of 19 defendants
Labor Racketeering: Manipulation of labor unions as a major profit source
International Brotherhood of Teamsters
Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union Corruption of U.S. Politics Political Response U.S. Senate committee- Joseph Valachi (1963) provides inside look at mafia operations
McClellan Senate Committee (late 1950s) investigates labor union corruption
Presiden't Council on Organized Crime (1986)- 5 unions controlled by mafia Activity During Prohibition • Social hierarchy within families
• Underboss (sotto capo) and consigliere
•“The Commission” was a central organization with a national board for American Mafia families across the country
•La legge dell’ omerta = the code of silence and secrecy
•The way in which all members should conduct themselves.
•Never cooperate with the law or government authorities.
•Don’t answer questions about crimes.
•If you want justice, you should seek it yourself. •The code of silence made the city a dangerous place because no members would testify against each other. •Bootlegging = the illegal production, distribution, and selling of alcohol
oIllegal importation of alcohol
•Prostitution rings Ratification of the 21st Amendment to repeal the 18th Amendment Result of the Temperance Movement - Result of high crime rates and growing opposition
-Ratified via state convention process (only amendment in history) to protect state legislatures from temperance lobby reactions Dove è da?
First influential in the New York City area & East Coast during the late 19th century.
Started from low socio-economic Italian ghettos
Originated in Sicily but now is in America
Che è in Cosa Nostra?
Members of these organizations came to America in the 1960's and associated themselves with La Cosa Nostra.
The 4 Italian Organized Crime (OC) groups:
Chi ha iniziato La Cosa Nostra?
Giuseppe Esposito was the first known Sicilian Mafia member in the U.S.
Various gangs have assumed and lost dominance
Black Hand (1900); the Five Points Gang (1910s & 20s); Al Capone (1920s) Important Leaders
Joseph Masseria: brought an end to the factions & named La Cosa Nostra.
Salvatore Maranzano: the 1st leader of La Cosa Nostra & was murdered within 6 months.
Charles “Lucky” Luciano: established the commision for ruling & is was a liaison
Qual e La Cosa Nostra?
Means "our thing" (or "this thing of ours")
Criminal groups that share a common organizational structure, code of conduct, and goal of protection racketeering. Sicilian Mafia, Camorra,
Sacra Corona Unita'. Organization Code of Conduct: Omerta Violence and Warfare •Based on Sicilian Mafia traditions
•Created a culture of violence and fear in American cities
•Castellammarese War 1929-1931 – unification of La Cosa Nostra
•St. Valentine’s Day massacre of 1929 – conflict between Al Capone and Dion O’Banion. Chicago's #1 Enemy: Al Capone •Graduated from the Five Points gang in New York
•Worked as lieutenant for Johnny Torrio in Chicago
•As lieutenant, Al Capone intimidated other bootleggers and persuaded speakeasies to buy Torrio’s alcohol
•In 1925 Al Capone became boss
•Capone eventually led 700 men and controlled the town of Cicero Presente
Are still present in the US
Major offenses included murder, loansharking, prostitution, conspiracy, drug trafficking, arson, labor racketeering, robbery, and gambling
Bibliography “Alcohol and Al Capone.” Virginia.edu. American Studies at the University of Virginia, n.d. Web. 18 March 2012.
Haller, Mark, H. “Organized Crime in Urban Society: Chicago in the Twentieth Century.” Journal of Social History. Vol. 5, No. 2 (1972): 210-234. Print.
“Italian Organized Crime.” FBI.gov. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d. Web. 18 March 2012.
Nelli, Humbert, S. “Italians and Crime in Chicago: The Formative Years, 1890-1920.” American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 74, No. 4 (1969): 373-391. Print.
“Mafia in the United States.” History.com. The History Channel, n.d. Web. 18 March 2012.
Sanderson, James, L. “Lingua Cosa Nostra.” American Speech. Vol. 39, No. 4 (1964): 304-306. Print.
(Kelsey Linton) Summary in Italian