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Jazz Music

Jazz music has been a basic form of entertainment for centuries. It helped to boost the energy of the 1920's with the Jazz Age. It helped influence today's culture and society by bringing new ideas and images.

Katelin Bean

on 24 May 2011

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Transcript of Jazz Music

Jazz Music http://www.youtube.com/watch?V=fhyhP_5vfKM http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.banjolin.co.uk/images/banjo4.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.banjolin.co.uk/banjo/&usg=__B8EDBCU4HKQnmmko5UMAEPBXDhA=&h=371&w=368&sz=18&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=gmYbrWlyP2HO2M:&tbnh=136&tbnw=135&ei=ZHWwTeShIdDSgQep4fX0Cw&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dbanjo%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1276%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=656&vpy=216&dur=844&hovh=225&hovw=224&tx=108&ty=135&page=1&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.banjolin.co.uk/images/banjo4.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.banjolin.co.uk/banjo/&usg=__B8EDBCU4HKQnmmko5UMAEPBXDhA=&h=371&w=368&sz=18&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=gmYbrWlyP2HO2M:&tbnh=136&tbnw=135&ei=ZHWwTeShIdDSgQep4fX0Cw&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dbanjo%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1276%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=656&vpy=216&dur=844&hovh=225&hovw=224&tx=108&ty=135&page=1&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0 http://www.webweaver.nu/clipart/music/piano.shtml http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.shopgaithersburg.com/stores/services/images/Electric_Guitar.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.shopgaithersburg.com/stores/services/home_music_lessons.html&usg=__aVu3ibyjsqbbgWAt1UcOBoUDNos=&h=360&w=360&sz=16&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=L3-eVyneo3g6jM:&tbnh=131&tbnw=131&ei=bXawTdrbEKHw0gGwl9n-CA&prev=/search%3Fq%3Delectric%2Bguitar%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26biw%3D1257%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=271&vpy=213&dur=156&hovh=225&hovw=225&tx=123&ty=107&page=1&ndsp=14&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://img3.musiciansfriend.com/dbase/graphics/articles/reports/2006/yamaha_drums.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.musiciansfriend.com/document/yamaha/nouveau_drums%3Fdoc_id%3D99923&usg=__vUcq1TDoKCa0qhzEru7D7SST8G0=&h=310&w=350&sz=34&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=Q5wa4fsqZOrHvM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=143&ei=6HawTYibOcjn0QGey7XZBg&prev=/search%3Fq%3Ddrums%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1257%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=0&page=1&ndsp=13&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=106&ty=68 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.musicalinstruments.com/products/pc/catalog/Selmer%252074%2520Tenor.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.musicalinstruments.com/products/pc/showsearchresults.asp%3Fidbrand%3D140&usg=__9v-Gz0z6Z21xk-Qc8cv0M2Ir1LQ=&h=250&w=250&sz=33&hl=en&start=6&zoom=1&tbnid=FJ1YHwPMHbNT_M:&tbnh=111&tbnw=111&ei=bHewTbLOHand0QHExNGbCQ&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dtenor%2Bsax%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1257%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://wolfswiki.pbworks.com/f/Trombone.jpg&imgrefurl=http://wolfswiki.pbworks.com/w/page/12430901/Instruments-of-the-Orchestra-2&usg=__ZesZhbXtFL2g90SK4lC-PzKYc0c=&h=360&w=360&sz=18&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=zRlsto3F4tPPuM:&tbnh=118&tbnw=130&ei=93ewTYniO-jw0gG13ICoCQ&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dtrombone%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1257%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=119&vpy=119&dur=172&hovh=225&hovw=225&tx=127&ty=121&page=1&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_BRS6UiJz748/TCq9se--LdI/AAAAAAAAAtc/35pr2RWxUCQ/s1600/trumpet.213142144.jpg&imgrefurl=http://suburbancorrespondent.blogspot.com/2010_06_01_archive.html&usg=__1rJAr6FETzMfGbJh_16WjhIV23c=&h=426&w=600&sz=25&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=lHHkh53SOkHWZM:&tbnh=109&tbnw=153&ei=S3iwTYDVH4Xv0gHShvl8&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dtrumpet%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1257%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=580&vpy=119&dur=203&hovh=189&hovw=267&tx=162&ty=110&page=1&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.bainstruments.com/images/hangszerek/goffrillier_chello/goffrillier_chello_0.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.bainstruments.com/hangszerek/goffrillier_chello/goffrillier_chello_0.html&usg=__JcywrC6xb_Fl6ptSJx-y3vp-nOQ=&h=700&w=400&sz=38&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=OKGtdXGB_YcY0M:&tbnh=119&tbnw=68&ei=r3iwTenDHabs0gHugYk6&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dchello%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1257%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=481&vpy=164&dur=953&hovh=297&hovw=170&tx=92&ty=228&page=1&ndsp=29&ved=1t:429,r:13,s:0 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.musicalinstrumenthaven.com/ProductImages/Jupiter%2520767GL%2520ALTO%2520SAX%2520-MD.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.musicalinstrumenthaven.com/jupiter767glaltosaxophone.aspx&usg=__HHznYIg-qwZBtaCFCHhryRvhpq0=&h=250&w=250&sz=32&hl=en&start=12&zoom=1&tbnid=J-jjHs3_vXS1fM:&tbnh=111&tbnw=111&ei=-XiwTbP4Aqro0QHC87C1CQ&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dalto%2Bsax%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1257%26bih%3D556%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1 What is Jazz Music? It is a type of music that originated in New Orleans at the beginning of the 20th century. It then developed into different more intense and challenging styles. It was noticed by difficult rhythms, many voices, or ensemble playing, improvisation, intelligent solos, freedom of melody and harmonic expression. These ranged from five whole toned scales to the chromatic scale to the absense of a key or tone. Anybody could be a Jazz artist whether you were colored like Louis Armstrong or white like Carla Bley it could come from many roots and styles. History of Jazz It started in 20th century New Orleans but also appeared in Saint Louis, Kansas City, and Chicago. The traits of the Jazz music were carried West African black folk music with European popular and light classical music of the 18th and early 19th centuries. This created ragtime Jazz and Blues. Jazz and Blues are the greatest cultural achievements and exports to world community that gave a voice to America. It united people across race, religion and natural boundaries. These two generas are not a result of choosing a tune. It's made in the mind and created through passion and then it is put into a music. Purpose 1900 2000 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Ragtime Ragtime is a precursor to Jazz. It is the combined elements of European classical with an African American influence. When it is made it has a "ragged" bounce in the music. It is most associated with piano composers like Scott Joplin and Jelly Roll Morton. It flourished from 1896-1918. The songs are usually not written for musical values but more as a proven way of reaching a large undiscriminating audience. Improvisation was a common trait of ragtime music and little of that aspect has been preserved because all of out information comes from non improvised performances. Folkblues Folk blues is also known as Country blues which is mainly with the use of the acustic guitar. It also helped to make many other types of music. It involves gospel, ragtime, hillbilly, and dixieland Jazz. Popular artists for it were Charley Patton and Blind Lemon Jefferson. New Orleans This type of music had a major effect of the early Jazz. Lots of bands played in Venues throughout the cities. There were dance bands and marching bands. The instruments were brass and reeds and drums. It was often played at fueneral processions and the vaudville. Hot Jazz In 1925 Louis Armstrong created his Hot 5 records which were soon followed byt the hot 7. His music is known as Jazz classics. His band never played live but continued to record his records through 1928. His music was characterized by its melodic structures and collective improvisational solos which usually had a march tempo. Larger bands soon followed in Armstrong's footsteps with high energy pieces and the advancing record technology. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCdWvCblaW8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SzJY96m3lkg Jazz Age Boogie Blues Swing Gypsy Jazz Bebop Vocalese Mainstream Cool Hard Bop Bossa Nova Modal Free Jazz Soul Jazz Fusion Afro-Cuban Jazz Acid Jazz Classicism Smooth Jazz Retro swing European In the 1920's there had been the prohibition act in the US until 1933. This caused the creation of Speakeasies. These were secret pubs where people could go to drink alcohol and also listen to popular music. The music that was plaved were dance songs, novelty songs, and show tunes. Jazz got a reputation of being immoral bythreatening old values and Culture. The New York Times would take stories at this point and alter them to pick at Jazz Music. There were so many people that went to these speakeasies that Jazz music caught on even more. The Boogie Blues is also known as the Boogie-woogie which is a piano based type of jazz where there is 3 piano's at once. It takes after the styles of western music and sometimes gospel. It is made for dancing and the lyrics usually consist of dancing instructions almost like square dancing. It is usually made 8 to the bar in a 4/4 time. This means that there are 8 notes a bar and 4 beats a bar. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J9b3ZZywQvg Swing big bands featured virtuoso soloists that was also made for dancing.It was broadcasted live over the radio and it was placed for live time zones. It had a collective sound but offered solos. Segregation began to relax in the music world. Black band leaders began to get white players and the same the other way. Swing music also came along with swing dancing which was a popular event. Originated from a french guitar player. It was a mix of 1930's swing music with french dance hall "musette", and folk strains of eastern Europe. It has a languid seductive feel to it with driving rythemns. The instruments used are 1/2 a dozen nylon string guitars and sometimes a violin and bass violin. They usually pass the solos from person to person. It was a contrast to music of the big bands with 4-6 players rather than a large group of over ten. The music itself had complex melodies and chord progressions and usually put quite a bit of emphasis on the rhythm section. Because of the odd sound it was not usuable for dancing. It had lots of irregular phrases of odd lengths and had a swing style with straight eighth-note rhythms. This type of music is where lyrics are written for jazz songs that were originally only instrumentals. They are called vocalese because when you add words to a song you vocalise it. This started at the end of the big band era. The bigger bands broke into smaller groups of swing. Some of the best players were able to show off in the best Jam session of the 1950's. It consisted of lots of chordal improvisation and was also called post bop. It was influensed from cool, classic and hardbop. It re-emerges as a looser style in the 70's and 80's. This music is a mix of bebop with a smooth saxaphone sound which gave it a different sound without the aggressive tempos of bebop. It had lots of complex arrangements, new forms and composed sounds but with improvisational sections. The name "Cool" came with the release of the movies "Classics in Jazz" and "Cool and Quiet." IT is mostly a more developed sound of regular bebop music. Jornalists and record componies gave it the "Hard" term to describe and establish that it was more modern and had a rollicking rhythm. It consisted of blues , gospel and original bebop. It means litterally new trend. It is a style of brazillian music that mostly consists of young musicians and college students. It is one of the more complex forms of jazz harmonically instead of being more percussive. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iWqwITnbugM Commonly associated with Miles Davis. It has a relaxed tempo and whimsical light ooted melodies. It had simple and organic modes. A mode according to Websters Dictionary, "an arrangement of the eight diatonic notes of tones of an octave according to one of several fixed schemes of their intervals." A common of feature is dislike of bebop, hardbop and modern jazz mussicians. They attempted to alter, extend or break down Jazz. It is mostly experimental and improvisation. I developed from bebop and hardbop music and had a rhythmic groove. It had a lot of the same chords as traditional bebop but had a different baseline. The baseline was walking and four to the bar. Once they had the baseline the melody was built around it. It was called fusion because it was two types of music fused together to create the energy and new rhythms of rock music. There are many artsts that started out as hardbop and went to fusion. The fusion eventually developed into what we know as rock. This was also known as latin jazz. It was a combination of improvisation and infectious rhythms. Mario Bauza and Chano Pozo who were both artists had a sgnificant influence of Dizzy Gillespie in mid 1940's. This music as a combination of the North, South and Central America. It focussed around the rhyth section like conga, timbale, bongo and sometimes piano, guitar or vibes. This was made mb the generation that rew up on jazz, funk and hip hop and acid jazz is a combination of all three by having the heavy percussives of heavy dance music otherwise known as groove music. Classic Jazz started in the beginning of the 1900's as small band music. It was often called Dixieland but it is not because it is not as solo oriented. Classicism is the resurgence of the classic form. It is the revitalization of Jazz as modernized swing music. It has the same bouncing feeling with some more recent influences such as faster rhythms. This is the era where swing artists started to appear in the metropolitan areas. Smooth Jazz grew out of Jazz fusion, but has more modern derivitives such as a more recent New Adult contemporary format. This type did not stay on the radio very lon as the stations started dropping the genre. It is still popular on the internet. 20th century Scandinavian and French realized the Mainstream American Jazz had deminished so they created a new style called "The European." It returned to the Jazz roots of dance music combining disco, acustic, electronic and sample sounds to contemporary jazz. Jazz music has been the basic form of entertainment for centuries. It helps to shape the culture and thinking of the country. It hlped boost the energy of the 1920's with the jazz age. It helped to bring the colors together as well. It is what helps to influence today's culture and society by bringing new ideas and images. Bibliography Note all pictures and videos have their sources underneath them.
US history textbook
La Scena Musicale- Vol 8, NO.3 (http://www.scena.org/ism/sm8-3/Modal-Jazz.htm
Websters Dictionary
The New Groove Dictionary of American Music Volume 4
New York Times, Carla Bley's Jazz Style Taps Many roots, By John S. Wilson, Published, January 9, 1983
Jazz by Thom Holmes
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