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Band

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by

Emily Eckert

on 24 May 2011

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Transcript of Band

Woodwinds Brass Percussion Clarinet (me!) Flutes A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument which produces sound when the player blows air against a sharp edge or through a reed, causing the air within its resonator (usually a column of air) to vibrate. Most of these instruments are made of wood but can be made of other materials, such as metals or plastics. Flutes produce sound when air is blown across an edge. There are two sub-families 1. The open flute family 2. The closed flute family The clarinet family is the largest such woodwind family, with more than a dozen types, ranging from the (extremely rare) BBB octo-contrabass to the A soprano (piccolo clarinet). The word clarinet refers to the B flat soprano clarinet, the most played clarinet. To play the clarinet, you have to use a reed. Ex. of Single Reed Single-Reed Instruments Single-reed instruments use a reed, which is a thin-cut piece of cane or plastic that is held against the aperture of a mouthpiece with a ligature. When air is forced between the reed and the mouthpiece, the reed vibrates, creating the sound. Double Reed Instruments Double-reed instruments, use two precisely cut, small pieces of cane joined together at the base. The finished, bound reed is inserted into the top of the instrument and vibrates as air is forced between the two pieces. There are two sub-families: 1. Exposed Double Reed Instruments 2. Capped Double Reed Instruments A brass instrument is a musical instrument whose sound is produced by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips. Brass instruments are also called labrosones, literally meaning "lip-vibrated instruments". Valved brass instruments use a set of valves (typically three or four but as many as seven or more in some cases) operated by the player's fingers that introduce additional tubing, or crooks, into the instrument, changing its overall length. Valved brass instruments use a set of valves (typically three or four but as many as seven or more in some cases) operated by the player's fingers that introduce additional tubing, or crooks, into the instrument, changing its overall length. Valved Brass Instruments Slide brass instruments use a slide to change the length of tubing. Slide Brass Instruments -one of the most common types of Brass instruments -one of the most common types of Brass Instruments. Natural Brass Instruments and Keyed or Fingered Brass Instruments Natural and Keyed or Fingered Brass Instruments are less common than Slide and Valved Brass Instruments. Musical Families Percussion instruments are classified in four different ways. Idiophone
Membranophone
Aerophone
Chordophone Definite Pitch
Indefinite Pitch Conventional or popular
Unconventional 1. By cultural significance or tradition. Folk percussion instruments
"Common" Drums 2. By method of sound production. 3. By musical function/orchestration. 4. By prevelence in common knowledge. Strings A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings Violin Cello Viola Bass The violin is a string instrument, usually with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is the smallest, highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments. The cello is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is the second to lowest instrument in the strings family. The viola is a bowed string instrument. It is known as the "middle voice" in the violin family. The bass is the largest instrument and has the lowest notes in the violin family. A percussion instrument is any object which produces a sound when hit with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. Instruments are classified by the way they make sound. There are four different musical families. They are woodwinds, brass, percussion, and strings.
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