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Ladder Safety Training

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by

Cole Steffes

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Ladder Safety Training

Ladder Safety Training
Session Objectives
Recognize the importance of ladder safety
Identify common causes of ladder accidents
Select and inspect ladders correctly
Set up ladders properly
Climb and work on ladders safely
Maintain, store, and transport ladders properly

Prequiz: How Much Do You Know?
A common reason for ladder accidents is failure to inspect ladders before use.

For every 3 feet of working length the base of the ladder should be 1 foot out from the top support.

If a ladder is defective, return it to where you found it and take another ladder.

It is safe to stand on the top step of a stepladder.

John is standing on the top step of a stepladder, loses his balance,
and falls, suffering a spinal injury. He’s out of work for 4 months.

Jeremy fails to secure an extension ladder at the top
and falls 20 feet when the ladder slips away from the wall.

Joe overreaches to drill a hole above his
head and plunges helplessly to the ground.

Mark is climbing a ladder with both hands full and misses a step. Unable to grab the ladder, he falls, spraining his back
3 Most Common Causes
Of Ladder Accidents
Wrong ladder used
Ladder in poor condition
Ladder used improperly
Five Simple Steps to
Reduce the Risk of Falls
1. Inspect all ladders
2. Follow ladder safety rules
3. Use common sense
4. Avoid risky behavior
5. Report ladder safety problems
- Height
- Capacity
Ladder Selection
Ladder Selection (cont.)
No metal ladders around:
Electricity
Corrosives
Flammables
Ladder Inspections
Steps/rungs
Side rails
Metal parts
Rope
Locking devices
Splinters/sharp edges
Safety feet
Dents

What to Do with a Defective Ladder
Don’t use it
Don’t try to repair it

Securing an extension ladder top and bottom:

This is a safe behavior.

Carrying tools up a ladder in your hands:

This is a
not
safe behavior.

Inspecting a ladder before each use

This is a safe behavior.

Climbing a ladder with mud on your shoes:

This is a
not
safe behavior.

Using a ladder with a broken locking device:

This is a
not
safe behavior.

Reaching rather than moving a ladder:

This is a
not
safe behavior.

And finally, choosing a straight ladder that requires you to stand on the second rung from the top:

This is a
not
safe behavior.

Drake University
L
a
d
d
e
r
S
e
t
u
p
- Ground surface
- Unstable bases
- Doors
- Support
- Never fasten two ladders together
- Locking devices

Ladder Setup (cont.)
4-to-1 rule
Support point
Overlap
Secured

Climbing and Descending
Never climb a ladder if you are impaired
Never slide down a ladder

Carry tools on a belt or shoulder strap

Don’t climb too high

Face the ladder
One person at a time

Check your shoes

Working on a Ladder
Hold on
Keep centered
Stay straight and close to the ladder
Move carefully

Lean too far
Reach too high
Try to reposition ladder while on it

Ladder Maintenance
Check joints
Test hardware and fittings
Lubricate moveable parts
Replace worn rope on extension ladders
Make sure safety feet are in good condition
Clean rungs and steps

Storing Ladders
Store securely, out of the way
Store short stepladders vertically
Store straight ladders flat or hang horizontally
Never store materials on top of a ladder
Keep in a well-ventilated area

Transporting Ladders
Pair up
Balance the center on your shoulder
Be careful around corners, aisles, or where others are working
Ladders should not stick out of vehicles


Is it safe to place a ladder on a stack of pallets to gain height?

If the distance between the base of an extension ladder and the support point is 12 feet, how far should the base of the ladder be from the wall?

When you climb a ladder, you should hold on with:

a. Yes
b. No

a. 3 feet
b. 4 feet
a. One hand
b. Two Hands
Make the Right Choice

Ladder-free alternatives
Ladder accidents can cause serious injuries or death.

You have the power to prevent accidents.

Always choose the right ladder for the job and inspect before use.

Set up ladders correctly and climb safely.
Be careful when working on ladders and avoid overreaching
Key Points to REMEMBER
Please Remember
WWE & LADDER SAFTEY DO NOT MIX!
Findings of a Bureau of Labor Statistics study of 1,400 ladder accidents back up NIOSH’s classification:


-> 57% HOLDING OBJECTS
-> 30% WET OR GREASY SHOES
-> 53% UNSECURED LADDERS AT BOTTOM
-> 66% INADEQUATE INSPECTION
-> 73% LACK OF SAFETY INSTRUCTION
Accident Statistics
JLG Liftpod ($2,000)
Boom-lift ($1,500/month)
Platform Ladders
$ 250 - 300
Scissor Lift ($600 month
OSHA references: (29 CFR 1910.25,1910.26, and 1910.27)
Any Questions:
EHS office: X3125
?
Full transcript