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OsloAction

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by

Andreas Schleicher

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of OsloAction

Skills are infinite
Skills are infinite, oil is not
OECD Skills Strategy:
Taking action for skills in Norway

but degrees don't automatically translate into better lives
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr

because skills have an increasing impact on labour market outcomes and social participation


because failure to ensure a good skills match has both short- term consequences (skills shortages) and longer-term effects on economic growth and equality of opportunities

Understanding
what knowledge and skills
drive economic and social outcomes
Effective skills systems build on effective partnerships with key stakeholders to find sustainable approaches to
who should do and pay for what, when and where
Learning the right mix of skills in
effective, equitable and efficient ways
Economies and labour-markets fully
utilize
their skill potential

Success with converting skills into jobs and growth depends on whether...
The Skills Strategy helps countries figure out how differnt
policies interact and helps countries optimise and align them
Getting the best returns on investment in skills requires the capacity to assess the quality and quantity of the skills available in the population, determine and anticipate the skills required in the labour market, and develop and deploy available skills in the most effective and equitable ways over the
lifecycle
of people. It also requires strong governance arrangements and sustainable approaches to who should pay for what, when and how, particularly for learning beyond school.

By seeing skills as a tool to be honed over an individual’s lifetime, a strategic approach allows countries to assess the impact of different kinds of learning – from early childhood education through formal schooling to formal and informal learning throughout a lifetime – with the aim of balancing the allocation of resources to maximise economic and social outcomes.
Prioritising
investments
Combining
short-term and long-term
considerations
A
whole-of-government
approach
Aligning perspectives
of different levels of government and multiple stakeholders
A
lifecycle
perspective
It is costly to develop a population’s skills, so skills policies need to be designed so that these investments reap the greatest economic and social benefits
Effective skills policies are needed to respond to structural and cyclical challenges, such as rising unemployment when economies contract or acute skills shortages when sectors boom, and to ensure longer-term strategic planning for the skills that are needed to foster a competitive edge and support required structural changes.
Skills policies straddle a broad range of policy fields, including education, science and technology, employment and social policies. In addition, there are links to many other policy fields such as economic development, migration and integration, or public finance. Aligning policies among these diverse fields helps to avoid duplication of efforts and ensure efficiency. It also helps policy makers to identify policy trade-offs that may be required.
With major geographical variations in the supply of and the demand for skills within countries, there is a strong rationale for considering skills policies at the local level. This would help countries to align national aspirations with local needs.
...Skills change lives...
...and drive economies
Oslo, 4 September 2014
Andreas Schleicher

The knowledge economy does not pay you for what you know but for what you
can do
with what you know
Skills are
everybody's business
Since January 2013
February 2014
Similar story for manufacturing, construction, teachers, engineers, science...
(oil is not)
60 stakeholder organisations
6 Ministries, several national agencies, social partners, local authorities
Norway a global pioneer
Disenchantment with science starts early in Norway: In PISA only 35% of young Norwegians aspire to science-related careers
Strengthening 'whole of government' governance
Improve impact by leveraging stakeholder engagement
Flexibility for implementation at local levels
Strengthen evaluation and accountability
Relevant guidance to individuals and stakeholders
Making skills development relevant to social demand
Better information on low-skilled and barriers they face
Better target policy and strengthen steering mechanisms
Raise awareness of benefits of investing in low-skilled
Provide opportunities for all, irrespective of labour-market status
Make training more responsive to social demand
Boost supply of skills of strategic importance
(e.g. STEM)
More flexible pathways
Expand and target services
Central digital platform for online career guidance
High standards for guidance services
Full transcript