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Psychological Disorders & Psychiatric Medications

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Angelica Butcher

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of Psychological Disorders & Psychiatric Medications

Presentation by:
Angelica Butcher Psychological Disorders
&
Psychiatric Medications Psychological Disorders Dissociative Disorder: disorders that cause a person to escape reality in ways that are involuntary and unhealthy.
Childhood Disorder: children who have similar mental health problems that adults have but these problems are focused differently.
Sleep Disorder: characterized by a disruption of sleep. Psychiatric Medications Psychological disorders, also know as mental disorder, is a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas or create distress for a person who are experiencing these symptoms. Psychiatric medications are used to treat mental disorders. Antidepressants: They work to correct chemical imbalances of neurotransmitters in the brain which cause changes in mood and behavior. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Noradrenaline and Specific Serotoninergic Antidepressants (NASSAs)
Serotonin and Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Tricyclics Dissociative Disorder - Depersonalization Disorder Depersonalization disorder is a mental disorder that distorts a person's sense of reality.
Depersonalization is usually brought on by illegal drugs such as ecstasy but can also be caused by functional disconnectivity between brain regions. The limbic brain shows under activation, and the neocortex shows over activation.
People with depersonalization disorder show abnormal processing of visual, auditory, and processing of emotional experiences.
Depersonalization disorder is commonly treated with a SSRI antidepressant. Childhood Disorder - Tourette's Syndrome Tourette's is a neurological disorder that involves unusual repetitive movements or unwanted sounds that can't be controlled (tics). Tourette's is caused by the neurotransmitter dopamine to become imbalanced. Dopamine plays a part in controlling movement, thought processes, and emotions. Treatment of Tourette's can be drugs that block or deplete the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. Antidepressants are used frequently to control sadness, anxiety, and Obsessive Compulsive symptoms. Sleep Disorder - Narcolepsy Narcolepsy is caused by the loss of a chemical hypocretine which regulates many bodily functions such as hunger, thirst, body temperature, breathing, internal organ activity, and sleep.
The chemical hypocretine is located in the hypothalamus of the brain. The nerves cells in the hypothalamus rely on the hypocretine to regulate sleep and alertness. Narcolepsy is a neurological condition that results in excessive daytime sleepiness and other symptoms due to a failure to regulate the states of sleep and wakefulness. Treatment for Narcolepsy Narcolepsy can be treated using antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). SSRI antidepressants work by blocking the absorption of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain. Changing the balance of serotonin seems to help brain cells send and receive chemical messages, which in turn boosts mood also. Works Cited Donnelly, Katharine, and Fugen Neziroglu. "Overcoming Depersonalization Disorder:." Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://books.google.com/books?id=oNXptj3Y8icC>.
"How Do I Cure Depersonalization Disorder?" Depersonalization Recovery RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://depersonalizationrecovery.com/articles/how-do-i-cure-depersonalization-disorder/>.
"Psychological Disorders List and Psychiatric Conditions from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV)." Psychological Disorders List and Psychiatric Conditions from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV). N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://www.psychone.net/psychological-disorders-list.php>.
"Psychotic Disorders: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 7 Jan. 2013. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/psychoticdisorders.html>.
Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Definition." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 03 Mar. 2011. Web. 17 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/dissociative-disorders/DS00574>.
Terwilliger, D. "Depersonalization Disorder - Feeling Unreal." Depersonalization Disorder. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2013. <http://www.brainphysics.com/depersonalization-disorder.php>.
"Childhood Disorders." Childhood Disorders. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://www.apa.org/divisions/div12/rev_est/children.html>.
"Narcolepsy Fact Sheet." : National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). National Institutes of Health, 28 Dec. 2011. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/narcolepsy/detail_narcolepsy.htm>.
Peters, Brandon, MD. "What Is Narcolepsy?" About.com Sleep. 9 Sept. 2012. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://sleepdisorders.about.com/od/commonsleepdisorders/a/What-Is-Narcolepsy.htm>.
Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Definition." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 10 Aug. 2012. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/tourette-syndrome/DS00541/DSECTION=symptoms>.
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