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Foreign policy decision making
Transcript of Foreign policy decision making
determinant of state behaviour Introduction Conclusions Foreign policy
Levels of analysis Case study 1 :
U.S. Foreign policy and the Iraq War Case study 2: The Falklands War (1982) The Theory side of the matter Rational Actor Model States as rational bodies which defend their own interests
Survival of the State
Ability to determine own destiny
Preservation of way of life Other motives for states' behaviour? NO Neo-Realism Other important elements foreign policy decisions made by individuals within a state
legitimacy - use of resources 1. Protecting national security "The United States... will actively work to bring the hope of democracy, development, free markets, and free trade to every corner of the world. The events of September 11, 2001, taught us that weak states, like Afghanistan, can pose a great danger to our national interests. While the United States will constantly strive to enlist the support of the international community, we will not hesitate to act alone, if necessary to exercise our right of self-defense by acting pre-emptively against such terrorists 2. Acting without international approval From the Indo-Asian News service: It doesn't take a
rocket scientist to figure out why the number one
consumer of oil in the world would invade an oil
bearing country. By going into Iraq without waiting
for the U.N. the U.S. was able to take control of Iraq
and thereby control the second largest source of oil
in the world. "The only sound foundation for a sustainable American foreign policy is a clear sense of America's national interests. Only a foreign policy grounded in America's national interests can identify priorities for American engagement in the world. Only such a policy will allow America's leaders to explain persuasively how and why American citizens should support of American treasure or blood." National
Interests Foreign Policy Facts 2nd April- Argentinian invasion & occupation
21st May- first British troop landing at San Carlos
14th June -Argentina surrender
Victims: 655 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel and 3 Falkland Islanders died Causes of War “Las Malvinas”
“Diversionary war” (Arquilla & Rasmussen, 2001)
- Economic crisis (wider point of Latin American debt crisis/ “Lost Decade”/increased government spending/ high inflation)
- Civil unrest
- Desire for legitimacy And today… “Las Malvinas”- the perpetual Argentinian political tool?
Current Argentinian economic issues
Oil exploration- potential value of $1.5 billion
Strategic location of the Falklands
Cameron reaffirming British position
10th/11th March 2013 - sovereignty referendum Realism Theory
The Iraq War
The UK/Argentina conflict
Conclusion Human Nature
The State - Selfish
- Aggressive The International System A question of balance
The English school
Defensive New York Times, September 20, 2002, p.A-14 3. Iraq War - Oil War (A report from the Commission on America's National Interests, 2000) Any Questions?