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Imperialism In Southeast Asia

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AJ Pratt

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of Imperialism In Southeast Asia

Impact of Imperialism China Indochina A presentation by Taylor Ursino, Luz Pagan, and Ainsley Pratt Imperialism: In Southeast Asia Malaysia, Burma
&
Singapore Hawaii & The Philippines! Due to the United States' victory in the Spanish-American War, The Philippines became a territory owned by the U.S.
while some citizens were against the annexing of other nations, the people of the Philippines soon found themselves under the command of the country shaping itself into a world power, the U.S. Reasons for Imperialism in the Southeast Asia & The Pacific Islands ...and the Pacific Islands! which are in this general area~ After the death of seven French missionaries, Emperor Napoleon III of France invaded southern Vietnam, and claimed it in the name of the country. However, expansion would soon result in Northern Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia being taken as well. The resulting mass of land was named French Indochina, as it was controlled completely by them. The Dutch seized control of Indonesia in order to further strengthen themselves as a nation while also making them one of the world's leading economy drivers. over here..somewhere Natural Resources and other products, including:
oil
gold
tin
rubber
cocoa
tobacco
coffee
sugar cane
tropical fruits - bananas, pineapples, and coconuts Location
the land within these countries were "perfect for plantation agriculture," (Imperialism in Southeast Asia) whereas much of the land within Europe simply could not support farming on such a massive scale
the annexed countries were often along the European route to China, where a great deal of trading and working was done
by seizing control of the resources of these countries, one made the long voyages to China more cost efficient, whilst also giving the sailors a place to rest and regain supplies Religion & Superiority Complex
Europeans, who were predominantly Christian, quickly came to thinking, after spending time with citizens of other countries, that they were superior to these people, due to their religion and more civilized, at a European standpoint, nature as a whole
this led many European travelers to thrust upon themselves what was later called the "White Man's Burden", using their apparently superior frame of mind to educate the citizens of other nations in their ways of life, as well as in Christianity Indonesia Most other European nations placed themselves a relatively far distance away from their annexed nations. The Dutch, however, did no such thing; in fact, they now believed that both the Netherlands, as well as Indonesia now belonged to them, leading many Dutch citizens to movie to Indonesia. There, the Dutch lived a carefree, frivolous life, as they were placed within the highest caste in the , then, "new" social class system. Some native Indonesians, if they were lucky enough to get a formal education, and secure a well-paying occupation for themselves, were next within the social class system, leaving everyone else, most notably the plantation workers (who were forced to use 20% of their land to farm export crops - such as sugar cane, for the Dutch) at the bottom. The countries of Malaysia, Burma (Myanmar), and Singapore were annexed by Great Britain during the Age of Imperialism. Done mostly to rival the the staggering conquest made by the Netherlands, Britain took control of the Malaysian peninsula, most notably Singapore, which soon became "one of the world's busiest ports," (Imperialism in Southeast Asia). Malaysia was sought after highly by the Europeans for its immense amounts of tin, and rubber trees. However, after its annexing by the British, cheap laborers were needed to tend to the land and grow the highly demanded crops, leading the a great deal of Chinese citizens to immigrate there in order to find work. This massive rate of immigration soon left the native Malaysians a minority within their own country, leading to a long standing conflict (which is still in effect) between the two peoples Not all went as planned, however, and there came about many disagreements and physical disputes between the French, who now directly controlled the various territories through direct colonial management, essentially meaning the native workers were now under vigilant watch, and the various peoples, who were forced to mine for natural resources and work the land, planting and harvesting many different crops for their new rulers, The relationship between Great Britain and China began as a simple, relatively balanced one - China would trade their tea and textiles (think thread or yarn) for Britain's wool and other goods. However, demand for British goods in China lessened significantly, pushing Britain to find new ways to sell their goods there. Britain found this new method within the drug, opium, known for is euphoria welling effects, and rapidly sent it into the Chinese market, increasing their profits immensely. However, the Chinese government, deciding to intervene, destroyed a large amount of the opium within China, by destroying the port city where it was sold, starting the four year long feud, known as the Opium Wars, between the two nations. Britain, with their advanced weaponry, near effortlessly came out the victor, and soon forcefully established British colonies throughout China. Things did not go as smoothly as planned however, and there was much debate between the citizens and government officials of both nations, whereupon the U.S. built railroads, hospitals, schools, and other products of an industrialized nation, in order to push the people of the Philippines to conform to the United States' policies in a more orderly fashion. Hawaii began as a simple port that the U.S. traders spotted on the route towards China and other parts of Asia. However, as sugar cane became a more highly demanded crop, Americans used Hawaii to begin to export it in spades, resulting in 75% of Hawaii's wealth to be generated from solely the sugar cane, which benefited the U.S. immensely, allowing the country to seize Hawaii almost effortlessly. This political cartoon is pro-imperialism for America, as it shows it in a beneficial light, in which the people of the imperialized nations become more civilized, with their quality of life improved, while the imperializing nations are alluded to be almost saint-like, for bringing about such changes within these people “As the times and the course of things in our country have changed, it is essential to promote the advancement of all our academic and technical knowledge and to prevent it from succumbing to competition from the outside. In order to achieve this, it is imperative to make haste in education so that knowledge and ability will increase.” - King Chulalongkorn, quoted in “Royal Proclamation in Education”. Primary Source Imperialism yielded both good and bad effects for the imperialized, as well as for those doing the imperializing The economies of many countries were strengthened, allowing them to industrialize, resulting in a multitude of newer inventions entering the many societies, thus improving the quality of life for all citizens Schools and hospitals were introduced,
legal systems reformed
slavery ended in many areas The multitude of migration led to a great deal of unsanitary conditions for many peoples, as well as racial and religious disputes coming about, quite a few of which are still seen today
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