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The Roaring 20's
Transcript of The Roaring 20's
The Roaring 20's
1920 in sports - National Football League formed
Baseball's Negro National League formed
Babe Ruth sold to New York Yankees and hits 54 home runs, signaling the arrival of the lively ball era in baseball
Cleveland Indians' shortstop Ray Chapman is killed by a Carl Mays pitch
The Grand Prix de Paris horse race changes its name to the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
Fashion in the 1920's
- Catalogues became more popular in the 1920's and were sold in department stores. Women didn't know what the trend was around the world, or even in their own country. But cataloues gave women an insight of what the rest of the world wore.
In the 1920's this trend was fading. It was replaced by bras and girdles. The girdles compressed the hips and lower abdomen, allowing more freedom of movement compared to corsets. Every girl wanted to a flapper girl. A flapper girl is someone who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair and listened to Jazz. They would go to clubs and hang out with men late at night. They considered this to be acceptable. Women acted this way because nearly a whole generation of men died in the war, leaving a whole generation of women without any possible men to marry. They decided not to waste their young lives waiting for a man, so they started to enjoy life. They wore flapper dresses.
Tanning became more and more and more popular in Quebec and was inspired by the Victorian era. Women in catalogues wore swimwear and tanned to look fair skin. Which inspired women in Quebec to look like the models.
Twenties Media Project
By Kulsum, Sharanki, Nabil and Nilani
Fashion in the 1920's
Although women's clothing had become more revealing, men's style has not had any significant changes. Jazz had become more popular in the 20's. Men wore baggy pants or knickers, greased down hair, fashionable bright hats, and bows and ties. Men also wore tuxedos and suits. There were only a few noticeable changes such as waist lines were longer, and there was usually a vest worn underneath.
Fashion in the 1920's- Women
This picture shows a manikin wearing a girdle from the 1920's
This picture shows the different of types corsets worn before the 1920's
Canada gained autonomy by taking the safe and secure lane during and after the WW1.
Canada had attained a sense of maturity because of their huge contribution in the war. They gained the right to sign their own treaties.
There were a couple major events that led to Canadian Autonomy:
1923- The Halibut Treaty
Canada and the U.S made a treaty about the fishing season for halibut independently.
1927/1928 New Foreign Embassies
Canada opened its own embassy in the U.S.
Vincent Massey was Canada's first foreign diplomat.
Later on, Canadian embassies were open in France and Belgium.
1928 in sports - Women's Olympic athletics and gymnastics are held for the first time at the 1928 Summer Olympics
"Dixie" Dean scores 60 league goals in 39 matches as Everton F.C. wins the Football League
1922 - Canadian radio began with the first licenses for private commercial radio stations
1927 July 1 - first national broadcast covering the Diamond Jubilee of Confederation.
New transmitters installed in Montreal and Toronto.
National radio coverage increased to 76 per cent of the population from 49 per cent.
Jazz was made popular by musicians such ad Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong.
Don Wright and his band were an example of a jazz band.
The Charleston became the dance of the decade. It became the "Jazz Age".
Talking movies were made in 1927. It was a new invention since previous movies were silent.
Most film-making in the country was by American companies and directors who came north for the scenery.
Unfortunately, Canadians had very little success compared to the Hollywood movies.
Movies became so popular that 900 movie houses were made.
There were Canadian publishers on the newsstands, with American monthlies. Most people used to read to keep up with articles and news.
- Canada took a big step toward autonomy. The U.S. took a whole different path then Canada. Canada gained autonomy by taking steady steps during and after the war.
- Canada had gained a new sense of maturity because of Canada's major contribution to the war. Canada was given the right to sign the treaty of Versailles on it's own. They also joined the League of Nations as a separate nation from Britain. They were still a Dominion with the British Empire though.
- Mackenzie was determined to push for Canadian autonomy. A series of events happened in the next few years that gave him the opportunities he needed.
Regular columns kept readers up to date with the latest news on radio, the movies, dance steps, jazz, and popular fads.
Fashion features showed mostly the styles from Paris and Rome.
Inventions in the 1920's
Insulin comes from a hormone produced in the pancreas; it causes cells in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue to remove glucose from the blood and covert it to glycogen that can be stored in the muscles and liver. Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body struggles to produce enough or any insulin, thus causing increased levels of glucose in the blood. Dr. Frederick Banting was really interested in the study of diabetes which inspired him to go into detail with the subject. Scientist were confused to in finding a way to decrease the level of glucose in the blood. Banting was determined to research about the topic and discussed it with various people; Professor of the University of Toronto, J.J.R Macleod, Dr. Charles Best, and a medical student. They started to work on dogs by removing the pancreas thus resulting in the elevation of sugar in the blood. They did the same experiment with a dog but this time they removed the pancreas and froze it in a mixture of salt and water. When the pancreas froze they removed the isolated substance called “isletin” but later changed into a new name called insulin. They injected the insulin on the other dog and noticed its improvement in the removal in glucose in the blood of the dog. This discovery was very important because diabetes was a very serious disease back then and would lead to a highly increased chance of death.
This picture shows a visual of what upper class men wore in the 1920's
Alexander Fleming was born in Ayrshire on August 6, 1881, the son of a farmer. During 1928, while studying the influenza virus, Fleming realized there was mold growing on a set of dishes being used the staphylococci germ. Fleming observed and studied the mold and called the substance penicillin. It was two other scientist who evolved the penicillin into drugs, Australian Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, a refugee from Nazi Germany. Penicillin supplies were very limited but started being more used in the 1940s by the American drug industry. Penicillin decreased the number of deaths and amputations of soldiers during WW2. Penicillin was an important discovery due to the cures it had on very serious illnesses.
The Twenties witnessed the large scale use of automobiles, telephones, motion pictures, and electricity, accelerated consumer demand and aspirations, and marked significant changes in lifestyle and culture.
Popular culture in the 1920s was characterized by innovation in film, visual art and architecture, radio, music, dance, fashion, literature, and intellectual movements.
The movie industry skyrocketed in the 1920s with the growth of Hollywood and downtown movie theaters. Silent films gradually came to be replaced by "talkies" in the late '20s.
Jazz music and the dance clubs became widely popular in the 1920s.
Some of the chief literary figures of the 1920s, such as Fitzgerald and Hemingway, wrote novels and short stories criticizing materialism and selfish individualism of the age. This was also the era of the Harlem Renaissance, the period of African-American literary and artistic growth.
The 1920s were a period of significant change for women. The 19th amendment was passed in 1920, giving women the right to vote, and women began to pursue both family life and careers of their own. Notions of modern womanhood and fashion were redefined by the flappers.