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Anne Murphyon 13 March 2014
Transcript of Building the
Sarah Mouton & Anne Murphy
Using the Calgary-Cambridge Model for Medical Interviewing as a guide, at the end of our presentation, you will be able to apply one skill from each of the three dimensions of "Building the Relationship":
1. Using appropriate non-verbals
2. Developing rapport
3. Involving the patient
Involving the Patient
"The remarkable scientific advances in medicine have not changed the fact that
physicians' core medical skills are interpersonal
Non-verbal behavior has been linked to:
A lack of compassion and empathy is a
predisposing factor in malpractice suits
Empathic communication has been shown to
increase clinician job satisfaction
Novack et al., as quoted in Hall, Harrigan, & Rosenthal, 1995, p. 22
Marcinowicz, Konstantynowicz, & Godlewski, 2010, p. 83
Suchman et al., 1997, p. 678
to think about a time when you were either
or suffered a
1. Appropriate non-verbals
3. Patient Involvement
throughout entire interview
Silverman, 2007, p. 91
What are your
for the medical interview or for treating your patients, in general?
Whether or not a patient is satisfied with his or her doctor following a visit usually
less to do with
was said than
it was said
Hall, Harrigan, & Rosenthal, 1995, p. 21
one of voice
uscles of facial expression
one of voice
earing the whole person
Empathic opportunity terminator
Potential empathetic opportunity
Potential empathetic opportunity continuer
Potential empathic opportunity terminator
to fill in the blanks on the back of your handout
Suchman, et al., 1997, p. 679
Krasner et al., 2009
"A direct and explicit description of an emotion by a patient"
Marcinowicz, Konstantynowicz, & Godlewski, 2010, p. 85-86
"A clinician's statement that immediately follows an empathic opportunity and directs the interview away from the stated emotion"
"A clinician's explicitly expressed recognition of a patient's expressed emotion"
Empathic Opportunity Terminator
Potential Empathic Opportunity
"A patient statement from which a clinician might infer an underlying emotion that has not been explicitly addressed"
Potential Empathic Opportunity Continuer
"A clinician's statement following a potential empathic opportunity that facilitates further exploration and direct expression of an implied emotion"
Potential Empathic Opportunity Terminator
"A clinician's statement that immediately follows a potential empathic opportunity and directs the interview away from the implied emotion"
A communication technique used to help patients remember and understand the important information regarding their diagnosis, treatment, or medication.
The technique involves asking patients to recall and then explain or demonstrate the important information discussed during an interaction with their health care team.
Marck, 2011, p.1
Q.What elements are incorporated from non-verbal and empathy dimensions?
elements are introduced during the teach back encounter?
1. Each of you will be assigned a role:
2.Facilitators will pass out
with a description of each role’s purpose
will use the teach-back technique to involve the
is in charge of taking notes.
Teach Back Technique
Teach back promotes a communication understanding or "shared meaning," thereby promoting a
in what matters most to them and in circumstances that will cause them to embrace one treatment strategy/lifestyle change and reject another."
Why is teach-back important to the patient physician relationship?
"Research suggests that
of the medical information patients receive is forgotten and nearly half of the information retained is incorrect."
Teach back best practices
Set the stage
Living room language
Open Ended questions rather than "yes" or "no"
Chunk and check
Think of teach back as a way to check how you are doing-not testing the patient.
Last patient of the day
Overview: Building the Patient-Physician Relationship
Eye Contact Activity
Involving the Patient
Teach Back Activity
Review & Closing
of the physician-patient relationship had the
greatest effect on patient engagement
Dotson, et al., 2011, p.12
Thuy Ha Dinh, et al., 2013, p.31
Keberly, Alliant GMCF, p. 19
Going back to the objectives:
How to use non-verbals appropriately with SET
How to build rapport with patients with EMPATHY
How to better involve the patient with the teach-back method
How all of these skills can benefit you and your patients
Please fill out the evaluations.