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Copy of Flight Introductory Activity

Unit Overview and student sharing space while exploring flight

Andrew Dobbie

on 16 April 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Flight Introductory Activity

United Nations
build a glider for the first recording flight
Post all notes on this Prezi!!
Go online and
find related information
after willam died people contuined his path
angle of wing afects lift
emer big airplane in the world
Please organize these pictures and your work into your Airline or organization for sharing with each other!
Air Canada
British Airways
Cathay Pacific
U.S. Air Force
Air-planes were not as safe as there are right now.
Four important features controls a plane. They are thrust, drag, lift, and weight.
You can not have to much wight on a plane.
Planes do not use Cole to start up. They use jet fuel.
The largest air-plane is called Airbus a380 and they can fit 555 passengers.
First, we made the plane, but the plane was giong really high, and then nosedive straight down. It wouldn't go anywhere because it was too light. That's when we thought of putting tape on the airplane in the middle. It made the plane heavier, but the plane flew further because of the excess weight that held it down and made it fly in a more straight line.
Some Flight Words
Than we thought about putting a loop on
top of the plane but that made it just go
straight down,so we took them away!

Than we added 2 straws to where
the 2 wings are and that didnt work
either,so we took 1 away and added
1 straw on the bottom of the plane!
I think we shoudn't have put
so much tape on the plane
because it makes the plane
Air Canada
United Nations
Cathay Pacific
what I learned is with a thrust if the plane is alanced the plane would go straight . Also that the test pilot should have really good accuracy to pass a test
First the plane wasn't going straight so we decided to add some weight with straws so that the plane's weight would be balanced and so that the plane would go straighter
While we visisted Paris our task was to try and do a trick with our plane and so in order to do a trcik we put more weight on one side than the other, and adjusted our aerofoils. Also, we needed a good lift in so we could complete the trick.
Aircraft Year Acomplishment

1903 Wright Flyer 1903 First successful airplane.

Bell X-1 "Glamorous Glennis" 1947 First aircraft to travel the speed of sound.
Sputnik 1 1957 First artificial satellite.
North American X-15 1967 First hypersonic, high altitude aircraft.
Hypersonic means noting to speed that is at least five times that of sound in the same medium.
Medium in this sense means: An intervening substance, such as air, through which a force acts or an effect is produced.
Pioneer 10 1983 First spacecraft to leave our Solar System.
Breitling Orbiter 3 Gondola 1999 First Nonstop Flight Around The World by Balloon
This is made by:Brandon Jaipersaud- DO NOT COPY OR DELETE!
The Wright Brother's 1903 Airplane
The 1903 Wright Flyer was constructed out of spruce and ash covered with muslin. The framework floated within fabric pockets sewn inside, making the muslin covering an integral part of the structure. This feature made the aircraft light and strong. It was powered by a simple four-cylinder engine of the Wrights' own design.
To fly the airplane, the pilot laid with his head forward, his left hand operating the elevator control. Lateral control was achieved by warping the wing tips in opposite directions via wires attached to a hip cradle mounted on the lower wing. The pilot shifted his hips from side to side to operate the mechanism, which also moved the rudder.
Muslin is a cotton fabric made in various degrees of fineness and often printed, woven, or embroidered in patterns, especially a cotton fabric of plain weave, used for sheets and for a variety of other purposes.
Integral is consisting or composed of parts that together constitute a whole.
Lateral means pertaining to the side; situated at or directed to a side
U.S Air Force
I think puting too much tape made the plane heavier and it kept hitting the wall. To do a trick, I twisted the nose and the plane spiraled
Parts of a Plane & Flight Information Centre
Diagrame of Nasa plane
Nasa was the first and only to land on the moon.
We were also successful in finding life on another planet.
This is the frist nasa airplane SUPERSONIC NASA PLANE
Paris- we made the plane
loop and do the left turn at
the same time!
Rome - The plane DID
NOT make it to the target
but y adding some
weight (paper clip on the
bottom) it was able to land
In london city
me and my crew
keeped hitting the wall
so we put paper clip under
Moscow - The plane was not flying far, but
by adjusting the wing span, it was able to fly a
bit further
In paris my crew and I added a few extra flaps and it worked out pretty well.Now it does awsome barrel rolls
We found out when you put paper clips on the paper airplane, it doesn't really help at all. Cardstock is haevier, so we couldn't change it after we accidently wrecked it, so I made a new one and it was better
The Process of Creating Our Airplane and Earning Our Stamps
The process of making our prototype of our airplane took a while to do. The first thing that we all did was we all took a piece of papaer andwe drew out a diagram of our plane. Since we all had different designs that would make it a larger variety of planes to choose from so we would have many different designs to chose from. After we were done sketching the designs we decided which one was the best our group agreed that my airplane was the best, so wemade it, made a few adjustments to it and we were ready to test our prototype. The first airport that we were at was in London. during the time that we weer testing we decided to make our final airplane with the card stock. We couldn't get the hang of doing the task so we moved on to the next airport in Moscow. In Moscow we got the hang of how to fly our airplane and then we completed our task and got our Moscow stamps! Then we moved on to Rome. We easily completed our task in Rome and got our Rome stamps so we moved on to Paris and we eventually got our Paris stamps too! Last we came back to London and finally we got our London stamps!! This was our process that we went through to get our stamps!

- Harman Kullar
I learned that the
heavier your plane is
the more trouble your going
to have flying it.
Making the airplane had taken me a very long time to figure out how to make it do a trick or fly a distance and straight . First I had made a basic airplane . Then , added little features that will tweak it's preformance . When we were done tweaking , we had done some test flights to see if we needed any weight or bend the plane to make it's preformance better . By the second class and our second cardstock plane we had a stable , distance flying , trick plane that was designed on the spot by the whole group .
The task that we had to do in order to get our London stamps was that we had to land on a desk or fly over. We had difficulty with this task because it was hard to go straight. Since we couldn't get the hang of it we went on to another airport. When we came back to London we tried out our airplane again and we had finally gotten our London stamps!

We also had to make some minor adjustment ot our plane to make it fly properly and to complete the task. Here are the adjustments that we needed to make to complete the task in London: we decided to add flaps and rotors to our plane to complete our task at the London airport.

- Harman Kullar
Flaps help the plane fly because they ajust the plane when thrown
In my opinion our plain was no where close to flying straight. Our plain would either go straight to the left or right or it will just fall down and not even fly straight to where we needed the plain to hit, the target! Then we thought if we put two cylinders at the bottom of the plain it would work. We tested how it would fly after that change. It was successful but not as successful. The plain still went a little crocked but it was good enough to travel to the next station
The task that we did to get our Moscow stamps was we had to fly our plane in a straight line and onto a chair. At first we couldn't fly our plane straight so then we tried adding a paperclip to add weight which helped us land our plane onto the chair and also fly it straight.
Although we still needed to make adjustments to our airplane. The adjustments that we made were that we added to little cylinders at the bottom of the wings of our plane to help it fly straight as well and complete the task for Moscow.

- Harman Kullar
Each Airport Station
When we went to Rome we tested our our plain
and the same thing happened when we first tried it at Moscow. We were stuck until we thought to take out the 2 cylinders from the bottom and only keep one on at the top. After a lot of tries we finally got it.
The task that we had to do for getting our Rome stamps was thatwe had to make our plane fly straight and far. Since we already added a papaerclip on at Moscow all we had to do was get used to throwing the plane straight and put in power to make it go far.
But we still made adjustments to our card stock model. Here are the changes or adjustments that we made to our model: we took of the two small cylinders on the wings and added one large cylinder at the top to get it to fly far because the air would go through that cylinder and then it would go farther.

- Harman Kullar
The task that we had to do in order to get our Paris stamps was that we had to do a trick with our plane. This was the most dificult one. The trick that we did was a loop-di-loop. We also had to try this one with our prototype.
We made some modifications as well. The modifications that we made were, that we folded the tip of the plane upward so it would go up into a loop-di-loop. We also took out the straw that we added at the top of our plane.
Fortunately, after our modifications we completed our loop-di-loop! The plane that we used to complete the loop-di-loop was the prototype model.

- Harman Kullar
Rome Flight
- Harman Kullar
The Process
British Airways

What we had to change and how we fixed it
Our next station is Paris. We were so excited to go to Paris because we had to do tricks and our plain was meant for tricks. Before we started we took a test flight. It wasn’t that great. So that meant we hade to make adjustments. We made 2 bendable straps at the tail, and we took the straw out from the nose. When we tested it then it was much better!
The different stations and the corrections
In london we had no problems
handaling the airplain. The only change
we had to make was to put the falps down!
About our card stock
Our first card stock was very bad because the weight was high and it would not fly correctly. When we made our other card stock we made the wings longer so it could fly better and we put 2 paper clips in so it would fly straight. When we tested it was low weight and it flew straight.
Our first station was Moscow that we visited. Our goal was to make our airplane land on the target. We had difficulty making our airplane land on the target plus it wouldn't fly a long distance. So we made a few adjustments to it. This made our airplane go a long distance, land on the target but instantly fall. Overall we were able to make our goal a success.

The next station we visited was Paris. In this station we have to make our airplane do a trick. Our airplane went a long distance but, wasn't able to do a trick. So we told one of our group members to try to make adjustment to our old one but, our airplane still wouldn't get any better at its flight. Then we made a new airplane that was a complete success. It was able to travel a very long distance with a swirl trick. Overall, I think we made a great accomplishment.
The third station we visited was Rome. Here we had to make our airplane land beside the target either side. We used our new airplane we made, and each one of us tried to land it on our target but, sometimes our airplane will go a long distance missing the target. Then we kept going for the third try and we were able to accomplish our goal. Overall, our airplane was able to accomplish landing beside the target.
The last station we visited was London. In this station, we had to make our
airplane travel a very long distance. We did not have difficulty to make our
airplane travel a long distance. The airplane was light enough to make it travel
straight to the target. We did not have to make any adjustments to the airplane.
We first did a test run to see what we need to change but, there was no need our airplane
didn't hit the target but was close. So we did another test run which was perfect and at least
close enough for us to earn our stamp. Overall, the new airplane we made was
a complete success.
nasa first mission was to go to the moon
This is how some of the inside looks like
This is how the outside
looks like of the airplane.

nasa second misson was to go to Jupiter
This is where the people in the airplane
eat their breakfast, lunch and/or dinner
This another outside picture
of the airplane Emirates of it
taking off to another airport.
This is a clear picture of how the passangers enjoy
eating, resting and more in the airplane.
This is a picture of the Emirates
airplane fully above the clouds

This is a picture of the emirates airplane and
the pictures of the people who work for the Emirates airplane

This is a diagram of the outer main
parts of the emirates airplane

This is a bigger diagram
of which is talking about airpalne
parts definition and function

this are some nasa rockets
this is one of the nasa rocket shi that explode
This is a video when we were making
out differnt airplanes and, to see
who's airplane will be chose.

Overall, the emirates airplane was a very comfortable and most amazing airplane that was made. Passengers were amazes to see a airplane like this. Emirate as you know has a lot of functions about it lots of items to be used to build it. The emirates airplane is truly an amazing airplane built.
The main problem
-the plain would not fly correctly
-the card stock was to heavy
our airplain
Bernoulli's principle is and example of an inverse relationship. On the top of the wing, as air speed increases, air pressure decreases. The opposite is also true. As air speed decreases, air pressure goes up. An inverse relationship means that when one value goes down, the other one goes up
A wing produces lift becuase it's a three-dimensional (3-D) shapeHow much lift it produces depends largely on the ares of the shape of the wing. That's why wing shape and wing area are so important to airplane designers
While a plane is flying, there are four forces acting with and against each other. The forces are lift, drag, thrust, and weight.
Force that causes an airplane to rise. The wings of an airplane give it lift. Lift is caused by air movement and air pressure.
Some United Nation planes
the force that moves a plane foward. Engines usually provide thrust for airplanes, and the engine could be a propeller engine or a jet engine. Your hand provides thruse when launching a paper airplane.
Properties of Air Experimentation
9000 species of birds fly
Post information from the flight video in this circle
the higher the pressure beneath a wing the better the lift
wings are the key to flight.
more the power the higher the lift and faster
for an entire century hot air balloons where the only way to fly
Wright Brothes made the first airplane that would actually fly
it took 5 years to create the first plane and i took 5 weeks for a dove to fly perfectly
More than 9000 spices can fly
Birds are made to fly and humans are made to walk.
We don't have the muscle power to fly.
Plane wings designed from studying bird flight.
Tail controls speed.
Wright brothers took 5 years to build airplane and it takes
5 weeks for a dove to fly
animals fly with thier own power and humans rely on a power
source to fly.

There are 4 main
forces in flight;

The hightest flyer is a vulture
Leonardo created a flying machine called the ononther
We have examined the properties of air by experimentation. Please choose 1 question below to answer and submit via Edmodo Turn-in section to be evaluated. Please include the question, your hypothesis, all related observations, your analysis, and your conclusions related to the question. (Please carefully review the level 4 expectation to ensure you've included all necessary information to be successful!)

1. Does air take up space?
2. Does air have weight?
3. Does gravity act on all forces equally?
4. Does air expand or contract when heated?
5. Can air be compressed?
6. Can air keep the heat out?
a visible force that pulls things together!
objects that have large amount of mass attract things that have less amount of mass!
The earth has amount large mass so all of the objects around the earth attracts!
Its a force that slows a object down
Upward push
If the gravity force is lighter than the lift force it will stay in the air.
Moves plane forward and is most likey on the planes engines
This a picture of me making a design for British Airways airplane prototype and model. -Harman Kullar
Practice describing how the buttons
you push control the parts of the plane
and how the movement of the parts of
the plane cause air to flow differently
around the plane leading to changes
in plane movement.
Big Questions to be explored!
e.g. PgUp causes the engines
to burn more fuel and generate
more thrust, this makes the plane
move faster through the air and
causes air to move faster over the
top of the aerofoil which reduces
the air pressure at the top of the
aerofoil (helps generate lift).
Level 3
-uses scientific inquiry/experimentation skills to investigate the properties of air (E.g., Air takes up space, has mass, can be compressed) and draws conclusions on the basis of data gathered (E.g., Specific measurements) from experimentation
Level 4
-uses scientific inquiry/experimentation skills to investigate the properties of air (E.g., Air takes up space, has mass, can be compressed) and justifies conclusions drawn from data gathered (E.g., Specific measurements) using labeled diagrams, scientific terminology, and further researched evidence from outside sources (E.g., Scientific articles, websites) (level 4)
How could you represent the forces associated with flight?
Normal Force
Labelled Diagrams
Support Videos
Numeral Representation
Drag Force
Labelled Diagrams
Support Videos
Numeral Representation
Thrust Force
Labelled Diagrams
Support Videos
Numeral Representation
Lift Force
Labelled Diagrams
Support Videos
Numeral Representation
Your Examples From Experience
Labelled Diagrams
Support Videos
Numeral Representation
Can you identify, describe, and justify the properties of fluids that make flight possible (using words, labelled diagrams, and simulations)?
Could you clearly describe how to perform
a simple flight maneuver (E.g., Yaw, roll, pitch)
related to a flying device?

How might you use your scientific inquiry/experimentation skills to investigate the properties of air (E.g., Does air take up space?, Does air have mass?, Can air be compressed? ) and draws conclusions on the basis of data gathered from experimentation
Could you fly without the presence of a fluid?
How could you prove that
fluids take up space?

How could you measure
the mass of a fluid?

Can fluids be compressed?
How might you design an airplane to fly under water?
How could you change current wing designs to help improve control while in flight?
Can you use appropriate science and technology vocabulary (E.g., flight, drag, thrust, lift, aileron, rudder, and elevator) while describing how unbalanced forces control flight (e.g., tilting elevators on the tail can help steer the plane up or down)?

Success Criteria:
Experimentation of
relevant fluid theories

Designing using
relevant theories

Application of experimentation
and design in the real world

General Work Flow
Could you help organize
these statements into the
proper Frayer Model sections?

Air pressure makes things fly
Air is light
Air pressure makes wind
Nothing can't fly without air pressure
Air moving over the wings is lift
Lift comes from moving air
When wings are ripped up little bit, the moving air creates differences in air pressure
Air going under the wings is going a little bit slow
Air doesn't push up or down
The difference in air pressure creates lift
Bernoulli effect
Doesn't have to be tipped up as much to be lifted
Airplanes fly because their wings create differences in air pressure or give angle in attack
Planes are lifted by invisible pressure
Wind makes disc and kites fly
Greater the molliecules in a balloon the more air pressure
Air pressure gives balloon shape
Thousands of air pressures
Same air but some is going faster than the other
High pressure is in the bottom of wings
Low pressure is top of wings
Keep air moving with big engines
Everything is made out of molliecules

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