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The Early Middle Ages - William the Conqueror

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Raysa Cristina Santos

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of The Early Middle Ages - William the Conqueror

The Early Middle Ages
William, The Conqueror
The Norman Conquest
The Norman Conquest
Distribution of land:
- a half to the Norman noble;
- a quarter to the church
- fifth for himself
The Bayeux Tapestry tells the story of William the Conqueror and the Norman invasion of England in 1066.
William gave the Saxon lands to his Norman nobles, but he did it carefully.
The Doomsday Book
He sent a team of people all through England to make a complete economic service
Nobles' promisses:
- serve the king in war for up to 40 days;
- give the king a part of the produce of the land
Kingship: a family business
William controlled 2 large areas: Normandy and England
Kingship: a family business
Magna Carta and the decline of feudalism
It was an important symbol of political freedom
Kingship: a family business
This event left the succession in question
Kingship: a family business
Matilda: was in Anjou with her husband
The Keep
The England of the Middle Ages
God save the king!
William is crowned king by Archbishop Ealdred: a scene from the Bayeux Tapestry.
From 1066 to 1070: Anglo-Saxon rebellions
Norman army occupation for 20 years
As each new area of land was captured, William gave parts of it as reward to his captains, but he kept enough land for himself to make sure he was much stronger than his nobles
Feudalism (French "feu"): land held in return for duty or service to a lord
All land was owned by the king but it was held by others, called "vassals", in return for services and goods.
Every man had a lord, every lord had land.
By 1086, William wanted to know exactly who owned which piece of land and how much it was worth.
- Duke of Normandy
- King of England
Robert: Duke of Normandy
William died in 1087
Kingship: a family business
William Rufus: King of England
William Rufus died in 1100 without a son to take his place
Robert was on his way home to Normandy from the Holy Land
Henry rode to Winchester and took charge of the king's treasury
He was crowned king 3 days later in Westminster
The nobles of England had to choose between Henry and Robert. They chose Henry.
Robert took a year to prepare a invasion, but it was a failure.
In 1106 Henry invaded Normandy and captured Robert
In 1120, Henry's only son died
Henry married his daughter, Matilda, to Geoffrey Plantagenet, heir of Anjou
He made all the nobles promisse to accept Matilda when he died.

He had a public arguement with Geoffrey and died soon after.
William, the illegitimate son of Robert, Duke of Normandy and Herleva of Falaise, was born in 1027.
Possible heirs
The childhood of The Bastard

Stephen of Blois: was in Boulogne
Kingship: a family business
Henry II was the first unquestioned ruler of the English throne for a hundred years
In 1053 William marriage Matilda of Flanders. Over the next sixteen years the couple had nine children.
Henry II's empire stretched from the Scottish border to the Pyrenees
Henry died defeated by his own sons and the king of France
The Game of Thrones
He was followed by his son, Richard I
Richard I, Coeur de Lion
Kingship: a family business
One of England's most popular kings
Pope Alexander II sent William his blessing.
Tostig, offered to help The Conqueror against Harold.
King Hardrada agreed to join the campaign.
He was killed in 1199, in France
Kingship: a family business
John made himself very unpopular with the 3 most important groups of people: the nobles, the merchants and the church.
William now began to prepare for war!
The nobles who wrote this had one main aim: to make sure John did not go further his rights as feudal lord.
With this act, the nobles were not acting like vassals, but like a class
Every king recognized Magna Carta, until the Middle Ages ended in disorder
The Battle of Hastings
In 1065 Edward, The Confessor became very ill. Harold claimed that Edward promised him the throne just before he died on 5th January, 1066. The next day, the Witan decided that Harold was to be the next king of England.
Robert forced his lords to swear fealty to William.
William, the Conqueror
Lucas Novaes
Raysa Cristina
Full transcript