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Hoovervilles

A Hooverville was the popular name for shanty towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression.
by

Sarah Lesiak

on 16 February 2010

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Transcript of Hoovervilles

Hoovervilles were named after President Herbert Hoover, as he was blamed for the problems that led to the depression [2]. HOOVERVILLES People slept in anything from open piano crates to the ground [3]. Families were forced to live in poorly constructed homes [1]. "Well, there's Hooverville on the edge of the river. There's a whole raft of Okies there. He drove his old car to Hooverville. He never asked again, for there was a Hooverville on the edge of every town" (Steinbeck 234). The Midwest and West Coast regions of the US also were devasted by the depression [1]. Between 1929 and 1933, more than 100,000 businesses failed across the nation [3]. Many people were forced to make things themselves instead of purchasing them. Many people resorted to begging for food from those who had housing during this era [4]. This piece was worn by supporters of Franklin D. Roosevelt [3]. You can see how small they really were. Each of the houses were close together and didn't have much in it. Getting rid of Hoovervilles was a difficult task; people had no other place to call home
Several attempts were made to eliminate those small villages during the 1930s
Government and city officials couldn't really do anything about the health issues and scattered mess that Hoovervilles created [4] Finally, in 1941, a shack elimination program was put into effect, and shantytowns were torn down [3]. Employment levels had begun to rise, which gradually provided some shelter and security for formerly homeless Americans [2]. They were compacted in tight courters. A long process was used to make a quilt for warmth. BLAMED! Works Cited
[1]"Hooverville." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 3 Feb. 2010. Web. 9 Feb. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hooverville>.
[2]"Hoovervilles." Great Depression and World War II. The Library of Congress, 26 Sept. 2002. Web. 10 Feb. 2010. <http://memory.loc.gov/learn//features/timeline/depwwii/depress/hoovers.html>.
[3]"Hoovervilles." NWtravel Magazine Online. U-S History. Web. 11 Feb. 2010. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1642.html>.
[4]"What is a Hooverville?" Suburban Emergency Managment Project. SEMP INC, 5 June 2009. Web. 9 Feb. 2010. <http://www.semp.us/publications/biot_reader.php?BiotID=626>.
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