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STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES

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by

April Ward

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES


STYLEDRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES The main outcomes of these units are:
- Maintain effective & safe methods of working when Styling hair.
- Style hair
- Dress & finish hair
- Dress Long hair STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES: session 1 LEARNING OBJECTIVES
AT THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO: - Explain the Health & Safety requirements when offering blow drying or setting service

- List the variety of products used for blow drying & setting services

- Record the changes in the hair structure during blow drying and setting hair

- Discuss the methods & techniques used in blow drying or setting (wet & dry)

- Explain how the hairs texture, density & growth patterns have effect on a chosen style

- Identify the different face shapes & types of hair texture Face Shape
Lifestyle
Hair Type & Length
Hair Style (Set or Blow Dry)
Hair & Scalp conditions
Hair Growth patterns
Time available for service
Cost CONSULTATION FOR BLOWDRYING & SETTING HAIR
(Brainstorm with students) PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
CLIENT COMFORT
HEALTH AND HYGIENE
CONSULTATION
STERILISATION
COSHH
ELECTRICITY AT WORK REGS. MAINTAIN EFFECTIVE & SAFE METHODS OF WORKING WHEN STYLING HAIR (Students to work in pairs using headings below & List Safety Considerations) Group 1: list tools & equipment used for styling
Group 2: list products used for before & after styling

Show & discuss results with class
(Time allowed 10 min) STUDENT ACTIVITY HAIRDRYERS- HAND/HOOD
BRUSHES- FLAT/ROUND
ROLLERS
DRYING AND STYLING ATTACHMENTS
STRAIGHTENERS
HEATED ROLLERS
CURLING TONG
CRIMPERS TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT USED IN STYLING HAIR Styling Aids:
These contain RESINS or
PLASTICS (polymers such as PVP & PVA)
- Allows to soften the hair
- Form shapes
- Prevent Flyaway effects
- Coat the hair with a fine plastic film to slow down the absorption of moisture LOTIONS
MOUSSE
GEL
ACTIVATORS
MOISTURISERS
OILS
SPRAYS
WAX
DRESSING CREAMS STYLING HAIR PRODUCTS Hair needs to cool down before combing or brushing the style to ensure that
- it allows the shape to set into its new moulded style
- the hydrogen bonds reform
- the style lasts longer
- the hair looks smooth as the cuticle lays flat BLOW - WAVING = Shaping the hair into waves, using directed heated air from a dryer, and combs, brushes or your hands. It achieves natural, soft fullness

BLOW - DRYING = Simply drying the hair with the hand held dryer. It is usual to blow dry hair into a chosen shape or in a required direction. BLOW STYLING TECHNIQUES Problems that could happen if the temperature of the dryer is too hot on the hair
- The hair could discolour
- Heat constantly in one area could burn the scalp
- Too much heat in one spot could break the hair especially if its fragile.
- The heat can singe the ends and damage the cuticle SCRUNCH DRYING –
Gripping and squeezing clumps of hair,
whilst directing heated air into the hand.
The process yields a casual,
ruffled, moulded shape.

FINGER OR HAND DRYING –
Lifting, teasing, pulling and directing hair
with the fingers or hands.
Casual, soft and full shapes can
be achieved.
Billowing fullness is perhaps the chief effect BLOW STYLING TECHNIQUES Session one: Discuss reasons why hair is kept damp before setting or blow drying?? WET SETTING – (Cohesive)
When hair is wet some of the water enters into the hair and breaks the water breakable hydrogen bonds between the polypeptide chains of the hair.

This enables the polypeptide chains to move past each very other slightly. The hair is then fixed in position when dried and allowed to cool. ROLLER SETTING ON WET HAIR DRY SETTING (Temporary)
The hair is not wet, but some of the hairs natural moisture is driven out by heat by using heated rollers, curling tongs etc.
Some of the naturally occurring moisture (in hair) is lost after dry setting and the hair will absorb any water vapour from the atmosphere. Therefore, dry setting does not last usually as long as wet setting or blow-drying wet hair. DRY SETTING HAIR - Name 2 outcomes required for this unit?

- Give 3 considerations that should be covered in the consultation?

- Give 2 examples of H&S requirements?

- What equipment would produce a curl?

- Name 3 styling products?

- What does ‘COHESIVE’ mean when setting? Q&A Work book Complete page 3 & 4 * BETA KERATIN
* HUMIDITY
* HYGROSCOPIC * HYDROGEN BONDS
* VAPOUR
* ALPHA KERATIN
* KERATIN HOT TOPIC Work book:
Refer to page 5 CUTICLE CORTEX MEDULLA Hydrogen and salt bonds break down when the hair is wet HAIR IS HYGROSCOPIC
-HAS THE ABILITY TO ABSORB MOISTURE (HUMIDITY) FROM THE AIR EFFECTS IN THE CORTEX OF THE HAIR STRUCTURE
(students to recall) Work book
Refer to page 6 THE KERATIN BONDS OF UNSTRETCHED HAIR ARE IN ALPHA POSTION.

KERATIN BONDS OF STRETCHED HAIR ARE IN BETA POSITION. THIS IS THE BASIS OF COHESIVE AND TEMPORARY SETTING WHAT HAPPENS TO THE STRUCTURE OF THE HAIR DURING BLOWDRYING AND SETTING? Individually
Label hair structure diagram on page 6
(Time allowed 1min) STUDENT WORKBOOK GH11 ACTIVITY CHANGES IN THE HAIR CORTEX Group 1: list hair types, textures & density

Group 2: list face shapes

Group 3: list growth patterns STUDENT ACTIVITY Time allowed 5mins

Show results & discuss how these would effect styling Work book:
Complete page 13 FACE SHAPES Round Pear Long Heart Square Rectangular Oval is the ideal face shape Work book
Make notes on page 13 GROWTH PATTERNS Widows peak High Front Hair-line Nape Whorl Double Crown Cows Lick - Name the 3 bonds that are present in hair?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are un-stretched, what position are they in?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are stretched, what position are they in?

- What part of the hair is effected from styling?

- Is styling a permanent or temporary change to hair?

Name 3 face shapes Q&A (Hydrogen, salt & sulphur) (Alpha) (Beta) (Cortex) (Temporary) (Oval, heart, round, square, long, pear & rectangle) - Explain the Health & Safety requirements when offering blow drying or setting service
- List the variety of products used for blow drying & setting services
- Discuss the methods & Techniques used in blow drying or setting (wet & dry)
- Record the changes in the Hair Structure during blow drying and setting hair
- Explain how the hairs texture, density & growth patterns have effect on a chosen style- Identify the different face shapes & types of hair texture RE VISIT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
AT THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO: (Demonstrate H&S whilst working, dress & finish hair, dress long hair) (Face shape, hair type & length, hair & scalp, cost, time, etc) (Client protection & comfort, sterilisation, electricity check, COSHH, etc) (Brushes, rollers, tongs, heated rollers) (Lotion, mousse, gel, wax, hairspray, creams, oils etc) (Setting hair when wet) Session two: The Main outcomes of these Units are:

- Maintain effective & safe methods of working when Styling hair.
- Style hair
- Dress & finish hair
- Dress Long hair UNIT GH10 & GH11 STYLE, DRESS AND FINISH HAIR USING BASIC TECHNIQUES session 2 - Name the 3 bonds that are present in hair?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are un-stretched, what position are they in?

- If the keratin bonds in hair are stretched, what position are they in?

- What part of the hair is effected from styling?

- Is styling a permanent or temporary change to hair?

- Name 3 face shapes Q&A (Hydrogen, salt & sulphur) (Alpha) (Beta) (Cortex) (Temporary) (Oval, heart, round, square, long, pear & rectangle) (Individual Student Activity)
Sketch & identify the hair structure & which bonds are affected during setting or blow drying the hair.




Time allowed = 2 minutes
Swop with peers for marking. RECAP 1. Identify the changes in the Hair Structure effected by Humidity & Hydroscopic!

2. Discuss the physical effects of pin curling and finger waving hair

3. Explain how the Hair Texture, density and growth pattern of hair effects chosen style

 4. Identify the different Face shapes & Types of hair texture LEARNING OBJECTIVES
AT THE END OF THE LESSON YOU WILL BE ABLE TO: Care must be taken when stretching the hair that the pull on the hair does not reach the hair’s elastic limit The more water content the hair receives the greater the stretch of the hair A temporary change in the keratin structure takes place CHANGES TO THE HAIR STRUCTURE - The atmosphere around us contains water molecules called water vapour ,this is called HUMIDITY. (Low & high humidity!!)

- The humidity in the air influences how much water enters the hair, so therefore the hair is described as HYGROSCOPIC.

- Hair can be stretched one and a half times its normal length.
- This is called ELASTICITY! THE EFFECTS OF HUMIDITY ON THE HAIR
Identify from your partner the texture, density, face shape & growth patterns
Decide what would not be suitable for them.


(Time allowed 1min each, feed back to class on completion) ACTIVITY WORK IN PAIRS Curls add bounce or lift to the hair
and determine the direction in which
the hair lies.

Small rollers produce tight curls ,giving hair more movement.
Large rollers produce loose curls, making hair wavy rather than curly SETTING TECHNIQUES Why are there different size rollers? What would determine what size are used? There are various size and shapes of rollers. - If you don’t secure the roller carefully on its base you will get drag with little lift.
- If the hair sections are too big or small ,you will find it difficult to blend the curls when dressing.
- If you bend back the hair points you may cause ‘fish hooks’
- Don’t allow roller pins to scratch the skin. It is better to pass them through another roller. COMMON FAULTS
WHEN SETTING TYPES OF PINCURLS WALK ‘N’ TALK BARREL SPRING CURL BARRELSPRING CURL has an open centre flat curl which lays on is base and when dried will produce a soft effect.

Each loop is the same size as the previous formed one. It produces an even wavy shape and can be used for Reverse Curling by curling one complete row on way the next row below in the opposite direction. PINCURLING is the technique of winding hair into a series of curls which are pinned in place while drying. CURL VARIATIONS PINCURLING This is formed in the same open centered
loop but ,it stands up on its base,
and will produce a high curl in
same way as a roller.
It gives a soft casual,
loose curl shape.
It is also known as a
BARREL CURL. STAND – UP CURL This is a curl with a long stem to it’s shape. It will produce a straight length of hair with a slight curve at the root area but the curl at the end. Normally used on a fringe or around the hairline, when a soft movement is required. LONG STEM CURL This has a closed tight centre and produces a springy tight curl effect. It produces an uneven wave shape throughout its length.
It is good for hair that is difficult to hold in place, but not suitable for modern styles. CLOCKSPRING CURL - To maintain the Hair style
- Advise on the setting lotion or mousse to use
 - How to use and quantity to use
- Size of rollers or brush to maintain the shape
 - Finishing products – hair spray, gel, sheen, finishing creams
  AFTER CARE ADVICE (brain storm why and what) Work book page 45-48 Time allowed 20mins
on completion swop papers for peer marking Working in pairs research and complete the revision questions for unit GH10 Student activity Identify the changes in the Hair Structure effected by Humidity & Hydroscopic!
Discuss the physical effects of pin curling and finger waving hair.
Explain how the Hair Texture, density and growth pattern of hair effects chosen style.
Identify the different Face shapes & Types of hair texture. REVISIT LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4.
Fore runner of fashion
Celebrity styles
Cat walk
Magazines
Movies
Hair Shows Current & Emerging Styles
(Students to research and discuss the difference) . . . . . .
List products that can be used for setting.

List products that can be used for finger drying & blow drying.

List products that can be used for pin curls & finger waving

Use text books to research
Show results to class
Time allowed 2mins STUDENT ACTIVITY Group 1: Group 2: Group 3: Name the bonds that are effected from setting & blow drying?

Give 3 considerations that should be covered in the consultation?

Give 2 examples of H&S requirements?

What is the meaning of ‘hydroscopic’ ?

Name styling product that can be used to create volume?

What does ‘COHESIVE’ mean when setting? Q&A . (Hydrogen & salt bonds) (Face shape, hair type & length, hair & scalp, cost, time, etc) (Client protection & comfort, sterilisation, electricity check, COSHH) (Has the ability to absorb water) (Mousse, volumizing spray) (Setting hair when wet) . . . . .
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