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03.02 Big Picture Africa: Assessment

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Lindie Dilmore

on 19 May 2013

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Transcript of 03.02 Big Picture Africa: Assessment

Hello. I'm Lindie, an Ethiopian teenager, and I live in the 5th century. I am going to tell you about my country, Ethiopia. Ethiopia Ethiopia became a country during the 1st century BC, known as the Aksumite Empire. The name "Ethiopia" derives from the Greek ethio, meaning "burned" and pia, meaning "face": the land of burned-faced peoples. Aeschylus described Ethiopia as a "land far off, a nation of black men." Homer depicted Ethiopians as pious and favored by the gods. These conceptions of Ethiopia were geographically vague. Origins The culture of Ethiopia is diverse. Our traditions were developed through contact with countries nearby and faraway. These civilizations include other parts of northeast Africa, India, the Arabian Peninsula, and even Italy.There are four major social groups. At the top are high-ranking lineages, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste groups, which are endogamous, with group membership ascribed by birth and membership associated with concepts of pollution, constitute the third social stratum. Slaves and the descendants of slaves are the lowest social group. This four-tier system is traditional; the contemporary social organization is dynamic, especially in urban areas. Many professions carry negative associations, such as metal workers, leather workers, and potters, who are considered of low status and frequently are isolated from mainstream society. Social Ethiopia Ethiopia differs from other African countries because foreign interests never interested it. I met the Greek historian Herodotus, and he told me how he is describing Ethiopia in his writings. Trade and selling make our country wealthy. We have had dynasty changes and rebellions that have changed minor things. Political Ethiopia Most of the people of Ethiopia are Christians. Christianity is predominant in the north. All the southern regions have Muslim majorities, who represent little of our country's population. Most of the Christians belong to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. According to the Old Testament, The Queen of Sheba was born in Axum, but traveled to Israel to meet King Solomon. They had a son named Menelik, who later became the first emperor of Ethiopia. He adopted Christianity in Ethiopia about the beginning of the 4th century. Religious Ethiopia Ethiopia's economy is based on agriculture. Coffee has been a major export crop. Crops include a variety of grains, such as teff, wheat, barley, corn, sorghum, and millet; coffee; pulses; and oilseed. Grains are primary for the diet and are the most important field crops. Pulses are a principal source of protein in the diet. Oilseed consumption is widespread because the Ethiopian Orthodox Church prohibits the usage of animal fats on many days during the year. Economic Ethiopia
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