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Unit 18: Sports Injuries (Assignment 2)
Transcript of Unit 18: Sports Injuries (Assignment 2)
A Haematoma is a collection of blood in the body tissues and cavities. It is seen as bruising of the skin and is caused by internal bleeding in extra-cellular space after any accidents, injuries or falls.
A sprain is an injury that damages a ligament. A ligament is a band of tissue that connects two bones across a joint. There are also 3 grades of ligament sprain:
-Grade 1 and 2 sprains are less severe. The ligament remains intact bu there is damage to it.
Grade 3 sprains is when the ligament completely tears and is sometimes referred to as a rupture or tear.
Unit 18: Sports Injuries
Assignment 2: Responses to injury
Muscle Strain-Damage response
A haematoma causes pain due to the response of inflammation around the blood.
This can be treated with pain relieving medication however the person will also need to rest until the injury has cleared.
A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon, the tissue that connects muscles to bones.
The 3 grades of a muscle strain are:
: a mild strain and only some muscle fibres have been damaged.
: This is a moderate strain, it is more extensive damage to the muscle fibres but the muscle is not completely ruptured.
: This is a severe injury with a complete rupture of the muscle. This typically requires a surgical repair.
After suffering a muscle strain, the body will give an inflammatory response to the injury which will last 3-5 days. This means that the body will remove dead muscle fibres in anticipation of the healing response.
Regeneration of the muscle fibres.
Muscle fibres grow from cells in the muscle.
Formation of scar tissue
. There is bleeding in between the torn muscle ends. This causes a scar to form in the muscle which makes the muscle more resistant to damage.
Maturation of the scar tissue
. The fibres which make up the scar tissue become aligned and are able to withstand more force.
Ligament sprain-Damage response
The primary damage response to a ligament sprain is the inflammatory phase:
- This can last for 3-5 days
- Chemicals are produced and there is bleeding in the tissue.
- This produces swelling in the joint
The healing response to a ligament sprain includes blood clotting.
Blood Platelets form a mesh over the damaged tissue.
Fibroblast cells help lay down collagen tissue in the blood clot.
Scar tissue re-modelling
Also present in the healing response is Scar-tissue re-modelling.
This can last up to a year
It involves the strengthening of collagen tissue produced during the healing process
The collagen tissue doesn't have a lot of strength when it is first laid down however it gradually increases its tensile strength over time. The person should not exert too much force on to the area during this time but should take part in physiotherapy and strengthening exercises instead.
- During the healing process of an injury, the person may become anxious because of the length of time of the process. They may feel that they will never recover to their original state and that can affect them psychologically.
- Depression can be caused by an injury as many sportsmen/women have grown up playing sport and know nothing else. This means that when they cant play through injury, they will lose motivation, have reduced energy and will withdraw from society.
An injury can cause a player to be isolated from their teammates because of the rehabilitation they have to go through. This can cause the psychological problems as they may feel that they are not part of the team anymore and that they will not belong in the team when their rehabilitation is done.
Most athletes who suffer long term injuries suffer frustration as they start to crave competition as they have a competitive personality and, because they can't compete, they become frustrated.
An injured athlete needs motivation to keep themselves focused on recovering from the injury. They can do this through goal setting.
Goal setting can keep an athlete motivated as it can keep an athlete focused on getting to a particular level of fitness in anticipation of overcoming the injury.