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Drones and Utility Arboriculture

Minnesota Shade Tree Short Course 2016
by

Dan Staley

on 17 May 2016

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Transcript of Drones and Utility Arboriculture

Drones and Utility Arboriculture
Dan Staley
Analemma Resources, LLC
Minnesota Shade Tree Short Course
March 15 and 16, 2016
12:15 - 1:00
Drones and Utility Arboriculture
Minnesota Shade Tree Short Course 2016
March 15 and 16, 2016 12:15 - 1:00
Dan Staley
Analemma Resources, LLC
http://danstaley.net
staley.dan@gmail.com
All presentations on Prezi.com (search 'Dan Staley')
Today's Agenda
Objectives
Background
Current Laws and Likely New Laws
Near-Future Outlook
Business Decisions: what and when
You will be able to discuss drones at work well enough to help make a business decision
Background
Model airplanes
Miniaturization of everything
Materials advances - carbon, plastics, foam
Technology - optics, computing, transmission
Big Data
From Model Airplanes To...
The Miniaturization of Everything
Optics, electronics, telemetry, communications
Materials Advances - Carbon, Plastics, Foam, Batteries, Fuel...
Technology - Optics, Computing, Transmission, Location, Aerodynamics
Objective:
Big Data
Computing power no longer an obstacle
LiDAR processing no longer a problem
Expectation that much of the drone business will
become data-driven from the data side.
Some (many?) clients will soon come to expect
more than just video or visible images (IR,
multispectral)
Will tree care companies -- UA -- bother with Big
Data in house?
Computing power no longer an obstacle
Miniaturization
Materials
Technology
Federal Aviation Administration
and the Law
Safety
Crowded airspace, hobbyist flyaways,
falling out of the sky
Drone pilot safety culture and tree care industry safety culture go hand in hand
Current Law
Hobbyists
Flight as a hobby = no money exchange
Commercial flights
Flight as a job = money exchange
Commercial flights must be licensed
Current situation will change soon
Current Law
Section 333
Exemption for commercial flight
Temporary stopgap due to demand to
allow businesses to operate
Licensure test, class time, "pilot"
400 ft ceiling, Vertical Line of Sight (VLOS),
other restrictions

Commercial rules coming ~mid-2016
Commercial Laws
Likely new 2016 laws:
*AIRR Act (House Resolution 4441) - "Micro
Drone" provision - no license under 4.4 lbs
VLOS only is a major roadblock to pipeline
and utility corridor inspection, agriculture
Technology running ahead of regulations
Technology and Laws
Problem: runaway aircraft
Answer: electronics, telemetry, GPS
Electronics: geofencing (like electronic dog fence)
Telemetry: Return to home/origin (RTO-RTH)
Telemetry: "see me/see and avoid" transponders
and technology - available on new drones now
Telemetry: cell network for drones to see and
avoid each other, traditional aircraft
GPS: locations of all drones for tracking
Technology and Laws
Problem: communication beyond VLOS (BLOS
flight)
Answer: First person visual (FPV), new rules,
technology
Don't worry too much about
commercial laws today -
they are changing soon
New commercial laws will have a lower barrier to
entry - question on licensure if AIRR Act defeated
Any staff may have to be a "pilot" with new
requirements and maybe CEUs - definitely with
marketable skills
New world of tree care - and especially UA/UVM -
coming soon!
Near-Future Outlook
Three factors for your business:
1. Can a
utility
incorporate new technology
~rapidly?
Drones are a disruptive technology
Large (Xcel) vs small (local co-op)
Communication and business change
Paradigm shift possible in utility?
Near-Future Outlook
Three factors for your business:
2. Can a
tree care company

collect
data...
and
analyze
large amounts of data?
Drones are a disruptive technology
Who on your staff is a GIS nerd?
Communication and business change
Large investment in equipment and
software training (recoup?)
Near-Future Outlook
Three factors for your business:
3. The ability of a
third-party business
to
meet your needs (and utility's)
Drones are a disruptive technology
Who trains the pilots and nerds?
Communication and business change
Third party is inspecting, not you -
where do your staff go?
NPRM Part 107 February 2015
Notice of Proposed RuleMaking Part 107
Courtesy of PrecisionHawk Inc.
Courtesy Galaxy UAV, Ltd
Near-Future Outlook
Drones are a disruptive technology
Big Data will be driving UVM inspections,
analysis and scheduling
Third-party service providers already do 'soup to
nuts' in some countries today
Several companies are poised to become third-
party full-service providers as soon as BLOS
rules are passed, including a UVM company
Drivers of this
Change
Component Parts of the
Near Future
Aircraft (small part)
Data collection
Data analysis (biggest part)
Action arising from data
Communication (dispatch and updating
databases from field)
Which Components Will UVM
Companies Take?
Answering this question will be important
The answers will be different for each UVM
company
Coming paradigm shift in UVM regardless -
Big Data, new communication, new
technology
Coming UVM
Paradigm Shift
Big Data will drive process changes
Third party providers will be a new part of UVM
UVM companies must adapt to new technology
Aircraft will be just a small part of overall shift
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Aircraft
Data collection
Data analysis (biggest part)
Action: decision threshhold, decision, dispatch,
VM, write-up, communication
Database updates
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Aircraft
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Data collection
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Data analysis
(biggest part)
Business Decisions
Who is going to take which components?
Action
:
decision threshhold, decision
, dispatch,
VM, write-up,
communication
Database updates
Most experts think among least important
to big picture of infrastructure inspection
More uses than just utility inspection
Your company will likely have drones anyway:
Risk assessment, sales calls, marketing,
estimating, bids, safety training, line drops,
etc etc etc etc
Rapidly changing technology - smaller, lighter,
better resolution, memory/transmission
You can use IR, multispectral on other jobs as
well - IR for turf, multispectral large-acreage
clients, high-value trees
Is risk of obsolete technology too great early on
to invest, or is risk of being passed by too
great?
Can your company hire (or train) nerds to do
necessary data analysis?
There are some programs in Beta right now to
automate data analysis (see handout)
Can your company adapt to a likely new decision
and communication paradigm (yes!)?
Can your company adapt to the new communication
norms required for these new decision and action
thresholds?
Likely in the near future a device in the field will be
the only interface between staff and company.
You will have to be ready
Adapting to change depends on
market, utility and each
business case at that time
Big Data will drive changes, and technology
will empower these changes. Drones will just
exist to feed the Big Data machine
We don't know exactly what will change,
but we know big changes are coming
- a paradigm shift. Be ready!
Take-home Messages
Paradigm shift in T&D corridor inspections is
coming, and you have to be ready
It's not drones
per se
that is the big change, but
the
Big Data paradigm
that will change UVM
Third-party analysis of the inspection is coming -
either a firm or a fee-based website
Someone will have to communicate with data
nerds, and that will be an advantage
Drones and Utility Arboriculture
Minnesota Shade Tree Short Course 2016
March 15 and 16, 2016 12:15 - 1:00
Dan Staley
Analemma Resources, LLC
http://danstaley.net
staley.dan@gmail.com
All presentations on Prezi.com (search 'Dan Staley')
All separate components
Courtesy: Bradley Haubrich drone-logic, LLC
Courtesy: Martin Olivarez Firefly Imaging Solutions
Thank You!
Courtesy Andy Jenks, UM
Technology running miles ahead of regulations
Drones and Utility Arboriculture
Minnesota Shade Tree Short Course 2016
March 15 and 16, 2016 12:15 - 1:00
Dan Staley
http://danstaley.net
staley.dan@gmail.com
All presentations on Prezi.com (search 'Dan Staley')
Data collection
Full transcript