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Transcript of Russian Revolution
Leader of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Sent to Serbia for five years for the production of Marxist literature
He also found the Bolshevik party, that ultimately became the Communist Party of Soviet Russia Born on November 8th,1879 in Elisavetgrad, Russia
Died on August 21st, 1940 in Mexico City, Mexico Karl Marx(1818-1883): One of the greatest and important thinkers of the 1800s.
Helped form Communism to what it is today.
His ideas helped create the policies of Socialism and Communism is the 1900s. Czar Nicholas II "Nicholas the Bloody" Ruled from 1894-1917
Mostly blamed for the Russian Revolution
Loved everything that had to do with the military and started the war in 1914 Leon Trotsky was a principal leader in the founding of the Soviet Union,which brought the Bolsheviks to power. In1917, he was put in charge of the armed forces by Lenin. Trotsky helped transform the Red Army from a mess into a powerful and well-disciplined fighting force.Trotsky was easily outmaneuvered by Stalin. The war ended in 1917 Then he and his whole family was put under house arrest Capitalism:
All businesses are
privately owned. Socialism:
Certain businesses privately
owned but major corporations
are government owned. Communism:
The government owns
English author and critic of modern society, the writing name of Eric Arthur Blair, Orwell became very popular by writing about government controlled societies. Communism Capitalism Socialism All are forms of government Government owns property rights.
Command system Works Cited Case, Karl E. "Capitalism." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012.
"George Orwell." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 27 Sep. 2012.
"Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia." Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction. Ed. John Merriman and Jay Winter. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2007. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 27 Sep. 2012.
Paley, Alan L. George Orwell: Writer and Critic of Modern Society. Charlotteville, NY: SamHar Press, 1974. Print.
Schneck, Stephen. "Socialism." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012.
Stewart, Garrett. "Orwell, George." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012.
"Vladimir Ilich Lenin." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 27 Sep. 2012.
Vontz, Thomas S. "Communism." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. Born: May 05, 1818 in Trier, Germany Government controls the economy
Mainly composed of privately owned businesses
Capitalism ideas formed by Scottish economist Adam Smith. The Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution took place in 1917, during the final phase of World War I. It removed Russia from the war and brought about the transformation of the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), replacing Russia’s traditional monarchy with the world’s first Communist state. The revolution happened in two separate stages, one in February and one in October. The new government, led by Vladimir Lenin, would solidify its power only after three years of civil war, which ended in 1920. February Revolution
1917 The February Revolution,which removed Tsar Nicholas II from power, developed increasingly violent riots on the streets of Petrograd (present-day St. Petersburg)during a time when the tsar was away from the capital visiting troops on the World War I front.The February Revolution did not express the wishes of the majority of the Russian population, as the event was primarily limited to the city of Petrograd. However, most of those who took power after the February Revolution, in the government provisional (the government that temporary took over after the tsar) and in the Petrograd Soviet (an influential local council representing workers and soldiers in Petrograd), generally favored that was at least partially democratic. October Revolution The October Revolution established the Soviet Union. The October Revolution was a much more deliberate event, arranged by a small group of people.It brought about Bolshevik rule and a change in Russia's social structure, while also paving the way for the USSR and Communism. Two revolutions were required in order to change the composition of the country: the first overthrew the Tsar, and the second instituted properly a new government. Near the end of the (October) revolution, the provisional government is arrested early in the morning, Vladimir Lenin issues Decree on Peace and Decree on Land, and Congress approves Soviet of the People’s Commissars, with all-Bolshevik membership, as new provisional government. 1917 Considered a threat to World Peace
Brutal totalitarian government
Communist ideas developed by V. I. Lenin and Karl Marx Mainly about public and or community ownership of property(i.e. Factories)
Socialist Party later formed in multiple countries Certain Businesses are privately owned George Orwell Vladimir Lenin Joseph Stalin He was born on December 18, 1879 in Gori, Georgia, and died March 5th 1953. He rose to power as General Secretary of the Communist Party, becoming a Soviet dictator after Vladimir Lenin's death. Stalin forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land, resulting in millions dying from famine while others were sent to camps. His Red Army helped defeat Nazi Germany during WW II.