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Step-by-Step Analysis Prompt
Transcript of Step-by-Step Analysis Prompt
Speaker: Alfred M. Green
Occasion: Philadelphia in April 1861, the first month of the Civil War
Audience: African American citizens in the North (Union)
Purpose: Green attempts to persuade the African Americans into joining the Union Forces by referring to their past and convincing them that patriotism is key in creating a brighter future.
Shift: Green first begins his speech by presenting the idea of "true patriotism" in lines 1-8. He then shifts (line 9) towards a more concerned tone where he states facts of the African American's past, such as the "War of 1812" and the "Dred Scott case" in an attempt to show consideration towards their hardships. This creates more creditability for Green in convincing them to join the Union forces. There is a secondary shift in line 23, transitioning from the historic facts to persuading African Americans that the future is bright, so long as they join the Northern Union and fight for their rights.
Tone: The tone of the speech is stern and understanding.
What does the author do?
The author uses parallelism and logos to persuade the African-Americans to join the union forces.
Thesis: In Green's speech in Philadelphia 1861, he uses parallelism and logos to persuade the African Americans into joining the Union Forces. In his speech, he first begins by presenting the idea of "true patriotism" then shifts towards a more concerned tone where he states facts of the African American's past. There is a secondary shift transitioning from the historic facts to persuading African Americans that joining the Union Forces will create a brighter future for America.
Why does he do it?
Green uses parallelism in order to emphasize the argument throughout the speech. To add, he uses logos to provide a counterargument, but to also provide credibility for African Americans by using historical facts.
How does he do it?
By using parallelism, he is able to emphasize his argument. For instance in paragraph 1 when he repeats "of country, of freedom, and of civil" it acknowledges his views on patriotism.
When he uses "is it true" in lines 9 and 15, it brings to attention a "confession" of the pasts of the African Americans while also providing his use of logo following it. The use of logos allows the African Americans to feel more "welcomed" by Green because he shows that he understands their hardships.