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sacrament overview

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Christine Lightner

on 26 April 2016

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Transcript of sacrament overview

Holy Orders
Anointing of the Sick

signs of grace
instituted by Christ
entrusted to the church
by which divine life is dispensed to us
We are made members of the Catholic Family
We are born again in Christ
It is our "gateway" to the Christian life where we are made members of the Body of Christ
Symbols of Baptism:
Water = new life
White = clean; free from sin
Light = Christ is the light of our life
We continue to share in the community of believers and grow closer to Christ through the reception of His Body and Blood
Communion Service
Reception of Eucharist
Infant Baptism
we receive Jesus in
child freed of Original Sin not personal sin b/c there isn't any
child promised to be raised in the Catholic church
child welcomed into the faith community due to action of parents and God parents
Ritual Actions
Litany of Saints
Blessing of the water
Renunciation of Sin
Anointing with the Oil of Catechumens
Profession of Faith
Rite of Baptism - in the name of the Father the son and the HS
Anointing After Baptism
Clothing with white Garment
Presentation of the lighted candle
The word "consecration" literally means "to associate with the sacred". Persons, places, or things can be consecrated.
The church teaches that the bread and wine offered at the sacrafice of the Mass becomes the body and blood of Jesus Christ
The actual moment when the bread and wine BECOME the true essence of Christ.
The Eucharist is the "Incarnation (God made flesh) continued here on earth until the end of time.”
this is held in the place of a Mass
only when there isn't a priest available to perform a concecration of the bread and wine
A deacon or a member of the clergy can perform a communion service with consecrated hosts
either in your hands held as a "throne"
or on your tongue
both are good and acceptable by the church
Neither Baptism nor Confirmation are repeated in our lives.
Seals us with the gifts of the Holy Spirit and strengthens the grace we receive in Baptism.
We are anointed with oil on our foreheads by the Bishop of our Diocese.
Original Sin - The rejection of God by our first parents (Adam and Eve) resulting in the loss of sanctifying grace.
Sanctifying Grace - Sharing in God's own life through the power of the Holy Spirit. We receive this through each sacrament.
Conversion - The process of coming to believe that Jesus Christ is the Savior of the world. "Turning around" and moving in the opposite direction.
R. C. I. A.
Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults
This is the official name for the catechumenate process in the Catholic Church
There are 4 parts to preparing for R.C.I.A.:
Instruction - Learning about the faith

Moral Conversion - changing one's way of life; morality, right judgment, wrong behavior

Worship - Celebrating mass together with the

Ministry - telling others about your new faith in Christ
Catechumen - someone who is learning about the Catholic Faith
Catachist - someone who teaches the Catholic Faith to others.
Catechumenate - The preparation process for the initiation sacraments.
Confirmation Sponsor
Rite of Enrollment
preperation process
not a parent
could be a God-parent to make connection to Baptism
must be at least 16
must be a practicing Catholic
public statement of preperation
in front of witnesses; congregation at Mass
sponsor and or parents are usually present
congregation promises to pray for you during your preperation time
increased prayer time
prayer journals
service to church
understanding of Catholic teaching
sacrament readiness declared to Bishop

A bishop is ordained by other bishops.

The bishop is given a ring as a symbol of Fidelity to the church.

The book of the Gospels symbolizes the bishop's role as teacher and preacher of the word of God.
The sacrament of Holy Orders is given only once.
Fidelity - implies strict and continuing faithfulness to an obligation, trust, or duty
Celibacy - a promise of faithfulness to God and not to a wife
Obediance - promise to adhere to the guidance, support and direction of the bishop and the church
prostration - is an ancient symbol of humble and sincere prayer
The laying on of Hands and the prayer of consecration are the essential signs of ordination.
In Holy Orders a man shares in the priesthood in three essential ways:

Divine worship, Ministry
and authority.
Holy Orders is the Sacrament which gives a man the powers of the Catholic Priesthood.
Priests do not marry because --
The single life is a holier life, recommended by Christ;
Being single, they can give themselves entirely to God and the care of the people.
"He that is without a wife, is solicitous for the things that belong to the Lord, how he may please God. But he that is with a wife, is solicitous for the things of the world, how he may please his wife: and he is divided." (1 Corinthians 7:32-33)
Ritual actions of the sacrament
Vows of priesthood
Ritual vestment with the chasuble - a brother priest is selected to vest the new priest with his chasuble.
Hierarchy of the church
Divine Worship - The sacraments, especially the consecration of the Eucharist

Ministry - Service to the parish community

Authority - teaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ as begun by the Apostles 2000 years ago.
The bishop of Rome, vicar of Christ on earth, successor of St. Peter, visible head of the whole Catholic Church.
An honorary title given to priests or bishops because of their important positions in the Church; Cardinals elect the new Pope.
Rules over the people and priests of his diocese; can give Confirmation and Holy Orders.
A priest gets this honorary title from the Pope because of his important position in the Church.
Rules over a parish; is subject to the bishop of the diocese.
Diocesan priests work in a diocese; religious priests belong to a religious order - like the Franciscans, Dominicans, etc...
Monks live in a monastery, follow a strict rule under a superior - like the Benedictines and the Trappists; some are priests, others are brothers.
A man dedicated to teaching, hospital work or contemplation; takes vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, but does not receive the Sacrament of Holy Orders.
A woman dedicated to teaching, hospital or social work, or contemplation; takes vows of poverty, chastity and obedience and belongs to a religious order or community. Cloistered sisters are usually called nuns; loosely speaking, all sisters are often called nuns.
Marriage is important to the church and to society
The sacrament of matrimony involves a covenant (promise) between a baptized man and a baptized woman and God.
Saint Paul compares marriage to the love of Christ and the church

Catholic marriage vows require the witness of a priest or deacon but the official ministers of the sacrament of matrimony are the bride and groom.
Marriage preparation is required by most dioceses.
an indissoluble bond can never be broken. Marriage is an indissoluble bond.
Married couples reflect God's faithful love in three ways:
their unity of body and soul
their life long faithfulness
their openness to children
Strong Interpersonal skills are necessary for a good marriage.
The Steps of the sacrament of Marriage:

Gathering - friends and family of the couple

Story telling - specific readings regarding scriptures testimony to married life

exchange of vows - promise is made publicly

meal sharing - Eucharist
Sacrament of Penance - celebrates our continuing conversion, our turning away from selfishness and sin to the spirit of love and generosity.
Confession - admitting out loud to another our sinful acts.
Reconciliation - sinners are brought back to relationship with God and community.
1. Private Meeting with Bishop
2. Bishop lays hands on Penitent and says a blessing at a Sunday Eucharist.
3. A penance was given - sometimes long
4. Reconciliation occurred at Mass and publicly welcomed back into church
Canonical Penance:
According to the Cannon Law of the Church
Absolution - Pardon or being set free from sin
involved entire community in the sacrament
happened at a liturgical celebration
was only for serious public sins
was only celebrated once in a person's life
They did this on an individual basis
It was applicable for all sins not just grave sins
The penance was small and treated the specific sin
example: a glutton would fast or a sloth would rise early for Mass
It was repeatable and private
Ireland and Celtic Monks changed this in the 15th century
Jesus himself is a sign of God's Love for us.
Throughout scripture we hear of Jesus' healing power and grace while He was on Earth.
The church exercises Jesus' healing ministry in the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick.
The book of James in the New Testament tells us of how the early church began the sacrament of Anointing.

the sick person would call for a priest
When the priest would arrive they would pray together
The priest would then "pray over" the sick person referencing a "laying on of hands"
then the sick person would be anointed with oil
The sacrament then became known as Extreme Unction.
This is Latin for the Last Anointing.

it became a sacrament only for the dying
The priest would offer final absolution and anointing before death
it was called Last rites

Catholics experienced Last rites through the middle ages
until the 2nd Vatican Council
Following the liturgical reforms of this council, Last rites became known as the Anointing of the Sick as we know it today.
Not for the Dying anymore!
not given in the atmosphere of fear
anyone who is hurt or sick can receive it at any time
you can receive it more then once in your life
can be received in a community setting or in private
Viaticum: Holy Communion that is given to the dying
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