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USA

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by

Alisa Görg

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of USA

1933
1953
1969
1789
1961
US Presidents
Barack Obama
1861
1945
1993
2001
2009
Structure
1. Political system
2. George Washington
3. Vice president
4. White House
5. Abraham Lincoln
6. Mount Rushmore
7. Franklin D. Roosevelt
8. Parties
9. Harry S. Truman
10. Dwight D. Eisenhower
11. John F. Kennedy
12. Richard Nixon
13. Air Force One
14. Bill Clinton
15. George W. Bush
16. Electoral system
17. Barack Obama
18. Preconditions, Duties
19. First Lady
20. Sources
1787
vice president
1792
parties
1987
2008
First Lady
political system
George Washington
white house
Abraham Lincoln
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Richard Nixon
Air Force One
Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
duties
Barack Obama vs. Hillary Clinton
sources
* 12. Feb. 1809 - † 15. April 1865
term of presidency: 4.3.1861 - 15.4.1865
16 president
during his period:







during a theatrical performance John Wilkes Booth shot him down
* 8. May 1884 - † 26. Dec. 1972
term of presidency: 12.4.1945 - 20.1.1953
33 president
during his period:









1952 waiver of reelection
atomic bomb dropping
(Nagasaki, Hiroshima, 1945)
"Truman - Doctrine" (1947)
Berlin airlift
1950: military intervention in the Korea war
conclusion of apartheid in the Army
*29. May 1917 - † 22. Nov. 1963
term of presidency: 20.1.1961 - 22.11.1963
35 president
during his period:





affair with Marilyn Monroe
assassination in Dallas
announcement of moon landing (May 1961)
construction of the Berlin wall (August 1961)
Cuban missile crisis (October 1962)
1927
Mount Rushmore
1927 - 1941
renamed after Charles E. Rushmore
a sculpture carved into a granite face
building by Gutzon & Lincoln Borglum, 18m high
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Theodore Roosevelt
Abraham Lincoln
Wife of the president

"No one - yet anyone - elected."



hostess of the white house, adviser of president, often plays role in social activism, policy advocates

"The role of the First Lady is whatever the First Lady wants it to be."



have own budget, own adviser panel
Michelle Obama
(Betty Winfield)
(Laura Bush)
Boeing 747:

2 kitchens, operation table,
offices, conference room, bedrooms

for president and his staff
military command center -> has atomic bag (football)
3 days preparation time
"The flying white house"
build from 1792 on
official seat and official resident
security:
secret service
federal law enforcement agency (1865)

all around marksmen on roofs
bunker
over 132 rooms
35 bathrooms
412 doors
147 windows
3 lifts
8 stairwells
1 bowling lane
1 movie theater
1 basketball court
1 tennis court
since 4.3.1789

chairman of US-senate, not part of cabinet, representative duties

four-year term (no restriction)

first vice president John Adams:

"most meaningless, that ever was built by human"
-> ungrateful job
currently: Joe Biden
presidential line of succession
define who become, act as president in case of incapacity, death or resignation of a president

1 Vice president
2 Speaker of the House of Representatives
3 President pro tempore of the Senate
4 Secretary of State
5 Secretary of Treasury
-> other members of cabinets
st
nd
rd
th
th
2 party system
biggest parties:
Democrats
Republicans
civil war against the Confederate States Army
triumph of the north states against the 11 slave - holding south states
reconstitution of the union and the 13. amendment to the United States Constitution
*22. Feb. 1732 - † 14. Dec. 1799
*30. Jan. 1882 - † 12. April 1945
*14. Oct. 1890 - † 28. March 1969
* 9. Jan. 1913 - † 22. April 1994
* 19. August 1946
* 6. July 1946
* 4. August 1961
term of presidency: 20.1.1993 - 20.1.2001
42 president
during his period:






end of period:

reduction of the public debt
initiation of a general national health insurance
NAFTA (1994)
Dayton-Peace accord (1995)
Kyoto-Protocol (1997)
Lewinsky-affair (1998)
"burst of the Dotcom-bubble" (2000)
electoral system
every US-citizen from the age of 18 on, who lives in a US-state (=200 million)

register themselves for the election -> low turnout

one re-election is possible

term of presidency: 4 years

president: not directly voted by citizens

"the winner takes it all"
preconditions
everybody over 35
born in USA and live there for 14 years
national symbolic figure and head of state
commander of the military
chef of federal administration
can arrange the deployment of military for 90 days
term of presidency: 30.4.1789 - 4.3.1797
1 president
during period:

one of Founding Fathers
orientate on British understanding of a state

first term:
organized new Government
Supreme Court 1789
passed "Bill of Rights"

second term:
foreign affairs
end of war -> western expansion
refuse a third term
term of presidency: 4.3.1933 - 12.4.1945
32 president
during his period:







criticism: doing not enough against
elimination of jews
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

"New Deal"
: economic, social reforms against
economic crises
established diplomatic relation with the UdSSR
2. world war:
"lend-lease program"
term of presidency: 20.1.1953 - 20.1.1961
34 president
during his period:




end of presidency:
"Modern Republicanism"
: solution for inner instability
"Eisenhower doctrine"
(1957)
"America is today the strongest, most influential, and most productive nation in the world."
term of presidency: 20.1.1969 - 9.8.1974
37 president
during his period:
first term:
end the war in Vietnam -> started peaceful connections with the UdSSR and China
landing on the moon (1969)

second term:
"Watergate - Affair"
(1972)
resign his office (1973)
term of presidency: 20.1.2001 - 20.1.2009
43 president
during of period:








end of presidency: big property crisis
-> global economic and financial crisis
11.09.2001: airborne terrorist attacks
-> Foundation of
" United States Department of Homeland Security"

Iraq War (2003)
War in Afghanistan to break up the Taliban under Osama Bin Laden
term of presidency: since 20.1.2009
44 president
during his period:
takeover while global financial crisis
-> economic stimulus package (787 billion $)

Nobel Peace Prize
health care reform (2010)
death of Osama Bin Laden (2011)
reelection on the 6.12.2012
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/the-big-question-what-is-the-role-of-a-first-lady-and-can-she-have-political-significance-801716.html 23.02.2013, 18:34
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/air-force-one 21.02.2013, 08:30
http://www.secretservice.gov/ 02.03.2014, 17:11
http://www.whitehouse.gov/ 02.03.2014, 17:54
http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/briefing/Vice_President.htm 07.03.2014, 17:55
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_line_of_succession 07.03.2014, 18:04
http://www.americanet.de/html/politisches_system__democratic.html 07.03.2014, 18:49
http://www.americanet.de/html/politisches_system__republican.html 09.03.2014, 11:50
http://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2012-11/usa-wahl-wahlsystem 09.03.2014, 17:17
http://www.mountvernon.org/georgewashington#president 14.03.2014, 18:34
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/franklindroosevelt 14.03.2014, 20:37
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/dwightdeisenhower 16.03.2014, 12:47
http://www.americanet.de/watergate.html 16.03.2014, 14:17
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/richardnixon 16.03.2014, 14:26
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewbush 16.03.2014, 15:38
http://www.americanet.de/politisches_system__ubersicht.html 28.0.4.2014,20:58
http://www.hdg.de/lemo/html/biografien/TrumanHarryS/ 15.03.2014, 16:37
http://www.dieterwunderlich.de/Abraham-Lincoln.htm 15.03.2014, 16:50
http://www.hdg.de/lemo/html/biografien/KennedyJohnF/ 15.03.2014, 17:22
http://diepresse.com/home/politik/aussenpolitik/428031/index 15.03.2014, 17:35
http://hdg.de/lemo/html/biografien/ClintonBill/index.html 15.03.2014, 19:01
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/texte/mount_rushmore.htm 15.03.2014, 20:25
https://www.youtube.com
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Full transcript