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Dissociative Identity Disorder

By Fisnik Lumani & Ahlana Hirschfield
by

Fisnik Lumani

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder By Fisnik Lumani & Ahlana Hirschfield History Symptoms Diagnosis Living with the Disorder Causes Treatment & Cure Interesting Facts Description Sources Dissociative Identity Disorder (previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder) is a severe condition in which two or more distinct identities or personality states, are present in - and alternately take control of - an individual. The person also experiences memory loss that is too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness. www.psychologytoday.com
www.webmd.com Depression
Suicidal tendencies
Mood swings
Sleep disorders
Eating disorders
Anxiety and phobias
Compulsions and rituals
Psychotic-like (hallucinations)
Alcohol and drug abuse
Headaches
Amnesia
Time loss
Trances or having out of body experiences This disorder is very difficult to be medically diagnosed due to the fact that patients with DID usually have multiple other disorders. Diagnosis Criteria
1.) There must be two or more distinct identities who are present and have their own pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and self.
2.) At least two of these identities recurrently take control of the person's behavior.
3.) The person has an inability to recall important and personal information.
4.) The disturbance is not due to the direct for physiological effects of a substance (alcohol) or a general medical condition (seizures). .01% to 1% of the general population has been diagnosed with DID, but 7% of the population may have undiagnosed DID
DID and Schizophrenia are NOT the same disorders. These two often get mixed up because both disorders include hallucinations; but they are extremely different. NO CURE If the patient stays committed long-term treatment is very successful. Effective Treatment Includes:
Psychotherapy
Various Medications (anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medication is often used)
Hypnotherapy
Adjunctive Therapy (such as art or movement therapy) DID was, and still is today, a very controversial disorder. Because this disorder is so hard to understand and grasp, many people do not believe that DID is a legitimate disorder. Though there were many cases of DID recorded throughout history, it was the case of Sybil Isabel Dorsett that brought this disorder to light. In 1973, a biographical novel called 'Sybil' was released, spewing details of Sybil's case and her relationship with her psychoanalyst Dr. Cornelia Wilbur. This book was made into a movie in 1976 starring Sally Field and Joanne Woodward, and remade in 2007 starring Tammy Blanchard and Jessica Lange. Many people question whether or not Sybil's disorder was exaggerated by Dr. Cornelia Wilbur in order for her to achieve fame and recognition, however, Sybil Dorsett's case is still referred to as "the most important clinical case of multiple personality in the twentieth century". Repeated episodes of physical
or sexual abuse in childhood

Lack of supportive person to
counteract abusive relatives

Influence of others with DID

An innate ability to dissociate easily
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