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Social work and Criminal Justice

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linnea clarkson

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Social work and Criminal Justice

Social Work & Criminal Justice
Mother-Baby Program
Hospice Programs in Prison
Harm Reduction in Prisons
Participants of Mum-Baby Program
How Prison Hospice
Interdisciplinary collaboration
Success in a hostile environment
Interdisciplinary team, health care professionals, social work, prison administration staff
Prison volunteer
Correctional staff
Community hospice programs & wider community stakeholders
Implications for the role of social work in CJS
This is an example of a program where social workers reaffirm a leadership role in criminal justice, as:
Coordinator/facilitator through collaborative practice
Strengths based practice in a deficit based environment & ideology
Social justice advocate
Human rights
Systems Theory

HIV+ Prevalence
General Canadian Pop: 0.13%

Federal Prison Pop: 1.7%

Provincial Prison Pop: 1% - 7.7%
Aboriginal Prisoners
- 18% of the Federal Prisoner Population

- 4% of the general Canadian population
United Nations: Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners
Principle 9: Prisoners shall have access to the health services available in the country without discrimination on the grounds of their legal situation.

Brief History of Social Work and Criminal Justice:
Late 1890s - 1940s
Social work and integral profession in criminal justice
1940s & beyond
Ideology, policy, and public opinion shift to a deterrence and punitive model of justice
Social work's presence as a leader in criminal justice diminishes. Why?
other opportunities for the profession of social work emerge. ie. child welfare, health care
Reduction in treatment & rehabilitation services = a reduction in available jobs
increasing tensions between the ideologies of social work and corrections = social work is pushed out
more recent factor, the lack of training for work in criminal justice settings provided in schools of social work
As a profession there is a disconnect between core social work values, ethics and our mandate and our involvement with the criminal justice system on a professional level.

Since the 1970s, programs existed in British Columbia that allowed women prisoners to keep their babies with them while imprisoned. Currently, there is no mother-baby program operating in this province for provincially sentenced women. (BCCLA)

The World Health Organization States:
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond.
Social Work Values
BCASW Mission: "we are the professional association of social workers in British Columbia and promote the profession of Social Work. We advance Social Work practice and values to create a just and compassionate society"

UBC School of Social Work Mission: "Building upon a foundation of social justice and an ethic of care, we are a community of learners actively engaged in the development of critical, transformative knowledge for social work practice"
"1. Human Dignity - We honor the individual right to dignity and respect in all life circumstance.
2. Social Equity - We embrace equality from within and across social systems, celebrating diversity through inclusive discourse.
3. Social Justice - We promote social work values that aim to identify and address causes of oppression.
4. Scholarship - We generate transformative knowledge that advances social work theory, practice, development and administration."

Other, perhaps not intended, benefits of prison hospice programs include:
Comfort for the dying patient
The prison volunteer
The culture of the prison
Palliative care practices within prison facilities
Population demographics & dying with dignity
Human Rights
Legislation: Canada Health Act, incarcerated individuals are entitled to equal access to health care as those in communities
Hospice Programs

Barlow, J.K. (2009). Residential schools, prisons, and HIV/AIDS among Aboriginal people in Canada:Exploring the connections. The Aboriginal Healing Foundation Research Series.

Bronstein, L. R., & Wright, K. (2008). The Impact of Prison Hospice: Collaboration Among Social Workers and Other Professionals in a Criminal Justice Setting that Promotes Care for the Dying. Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care, 2(4), 85-102.

Cohen, L. R. (Director). (2012). Serving life [Documentary]. United States: Virgil Films.

Jurgens, R. et al. (2005) Injection drug use, HIV/AIDS and incarceration: evidence from the Vancouver Injection Drug Users Study. Canadian HIV AIDS Policy & Law Review. 10(3). 4-10.

Positive Living Society of British Columbia. (2012). Healthy Living Manual (5th ed.). Retrieved from: http://www.positivelivingbc.org/resource/healthy-living-manual

Reamer, F. (2004). Social Work And Criminal Justice:. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work, 23(1/2), 213-231.

Scheyett, A. Pettus-Davis, C. McCarter, S. & Brigham, R. (2012) Social Work and Criminal Justice: Are We Meeting in the Field?, Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 32:4, 438-450, DOI: 10.1080/08841233.2012.705241

Thomas, G. (2005). Harm reduction policies and programs for persons involved in the criminal justice system. Ottawa: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. Retrieved on 17/11/2005.

B.C. moms sue province for halting babies in jail program. (2013, May 27). CBC The Canadian Press [British Columbia]. Retrieved from http://http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/b-c-moms-sue-province-for-halting-babies-in-jail-program-1.1360427

Babies-in-prison program prompted few safety concerns. (2013, May 29). CBC The Canadian Press [British Columbia]. Retrieved from http://http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/babies-in-prison-program-prompted-few-safety-concerns-1.1360424

Daybreak North CBC (2013, May 29). Babies in jail: revisting a now-cancelled prison program. Retrieved from http://http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/Local+Shows/British+Columbia/Daybreak+North/ID/2388336129/

Inglis v British Columbia (Minister of Public Safety) 2012 BCSC 1023. (2012, July 11). Retrieved from http://Canlii.org

Mother's rights. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.originscanada.org/adoption-human-rights/a-mothers-bill-of-rights/

Perry, B. D., & Szalavitz, M. (2010). Born For Love. New York, NY: William Morrow.

Rights of the child. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx

Sarra, S. (2013, June 14). Too many moms and kids are in prison. Vancouver Sun [Vancouver]. Retrieved from http://http://www.vancouversun.com/life/many+moms+kids+prison/8529118/story.html

Swihart, G. (2002). Female Offenders: Attachment and Parenthood. Retrieved from UBC website: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/14737
Other Benefits
Aboriginal Approaches
- harm reduction supplies
- education
-healing-focused counseling
- focus on the impact of colonization
Structural Approach
- focus on how institutional policies are marginalizing individuals
- cause advocacy on the grounds of human rights infringements
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