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EDUC2103 - FUNDING

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Jonora Holmes

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of EDUC2103 - FUNDING

Functionalism
PUBLIC VS PRIVATE FUNDING IN OUR SCHOOLS!

Who funds our schools?
1.) Commonwealth government/federal.
2.) State and Territories government.
Education is one of the 'organs'
that make operate society
Political:

Results and achievements
Functionalism and education
Differences in funding between private and public school and the effects it will have on a students role in society

Introduction
to
funding
IT'S CONFLICT THEORY!!
WHAT THE HELL
IS THAT?!!

.....
....
.
.....
onflict Theory
is a sociological
approach emphasising the notion
that conflict is inevitable. It
assumes that all social behaviour
is best understood in terms
of conflict or tension between
competing groups.
...
....
Marxism - A form of Conflict Theory
Marxism is based on the critique of capitalism and functionalism.

It emphasises the history of class struggles and the inequalities faced within today’s society and believes everyone should equal opportunity.
Public schools receive a much higher percentage of government funding than private
GOVERNMENT
FUNDING
ENROLMENT
FEES
GOVERNMENT FUNDING
FUNDRAISING
VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTION
DONATIONS/ GRANTS

Private schools obtain an equivalent of 13.7% to 70% of funding that the average public school recieves.

These percentages vary depending on the presence of minority groups with the school.
Public
Private
Lets put this into perspective....
$4, 000, 000 per annum
$8000
per student
$520, 000 per annum
$1800 per student
Public
Private
Public
Private
$4, 080, 000 per annum
$8200
per student
$6, 520, 000 per annum
$21800 per student
Political
WHERE IS THE MONEY GOING NOW MR ABBOTT?
Government responsibilities
STATE and TERRITORY goverments

Major financial responsibilities

Any improvements on funding comes
back to the governement
Finance in education
44.3 BILLION
34.5 BILLION
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
9.8 BILLION
PRIVATE SCHOOLS
Political Debate
Is it fair that more than 75% of the highest earning
families are enrolled in private schools?

Is it fair that all students in private schools
receive smaller class sizes?

Should Private schools get more, the same or
less funding then public schools?
A New Funding System
CAN WE IMPROVE?
YES!
- Raises $30, 000 a year through - $6, 000, 000 in yearly
fundraising enrolment fees ($20, 000 per - $20, 000 grant from companies student)
a year
- $30, 000 from 200 students
paying voluntary contribution
($150 each)
What are the implications of having unequal funding in our education system?
The private school sector rewards and benefits individuals who are part of higher class society.

Students who come from families of the working class level or lower are strictly limited to the public school sector due to lack of expendible money.
UNEQUAL ACCESS TO REWARDS
AND BENEFITS
BROADENS ACHIEVEMENT GAP
BETWEEN HIGH AND LOW
SOCIO-ECONIMIC STUDENTS
STEREOTYPICAL JUDGEMENTS PLACE
ON STUDENTS AND FAMILIES
IDENTIFICATION OF THE ISSUE

- What is the issue?

- Is there a problem?

- How can we come up with a unbiased solution for the
future students of our schooling system?
Unanswered Questions
So where is the money?
- NEW FUNDING SYSTEM!
- Plan helps students get what they need
- Additional funding
- Schooling resource standard
- HOW DOES THIS AFFECT PUBLIC AND PRIVATE?
National plan for school improvement 2014
WHAT
IS SCHOOL CULTURE
How
students needs are met?
In order to meet students’ needs we need to think about;
Education as an institution within society
Both public and private schools each get the proper financial help
The need to combat inadequate funding

Equity

Students who are at a disadvantage are not punished
Equity will ensure that all schools meet their student’s needs in a satisfying way.

What does this mean?

Some would argue that these parents could work longer hours or look for a better job.
In today’s society is it really that simple with the current job cuts, job stability or the costs of higher education?
The movement of quality teachers from public to private has increased over the past few years due to extrinsic factors such as better pay and working conditions.
Ashiedu & Scott-Ladd, 2012.
=
- Higher quality resource availablity

- Broadened opportunities

- Employment and retention of quality teachers
It is assumed that most public school students are from low to middle class society, and private school students come from high class, well off society.
DID YOU KNOW?!
- It is a public-only based system that strives for equity and equality for their students.

- SAME national GOALS

- With only ONE system to fund

- LOWEST READING AGE IN THE WORLD & ONE OF THE BEST EDUCATION SYSTEM IN THE WORLD!


Culture
Private:
Most private schools usually (not always) have religious affiliations (Cath0lic/Seventh Day Adventist). Parents send their kids there based on;
Expensive fees
Values
Beliefs
Standards/rules
How is the Better Schools Funding Program going to influence us as future teachers?
Does more funding really mean that students will have higher achievements?
Where will the government get money from to help achieve equality between public and private, when we already have a shrinking tax revenue?
Will cultural groups ever recieve equitable funding from the government?

So what is the issue?
Public and private receive different amounts of funding per year.

IS THIS FAIR??
School Sectors;
• Private/non-government schools (Catholic & Independent)
• Public/government schools - Schools that are operated solely by the
government

And now to Conflict thoery
Why
cultural equity could affect funding?
Control Centre
Pumping funds through societys veins to create a functioning system
Public schooling
Private Schooling
Private schools recieve sources of income from enrolments
Attend by choice
Homogenious Structure
13.7% Government funded
$20 000 (average) School fees per student
Dicipline is governed by a contract in which parents sign up to
Smaller class size
Religious school: Morals and values
75% of students come from higher income families
Cater for all students
Free of fees
70% of government funds
80% of disadvantaged students attend Government schools
Lower working class families
27% of studentswho attend public schools come from high income families

Closing the Gap
Public: $10599 per student
Private: $13907 per student
$3308 Gap
Examined Yr 3 class in grammar: Independent schools produced average 33 marks higher, and catholic 25 marks higher.
University rates
Public: 39%
Private: 54%
WE WILL EXPLORE & DISCUSS
-
Keep in mind this is just an average
WHERE TO FROM HERE?
Public:
Majority of public schools are offered to provide a free education that caters to all students. Factors included in the public system:
- Financial status
- Location convenience
- Larger body of students
- More disadvantaged students
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