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Copy of the four humours

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felipe valdes

on 28 November 2012

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Transcript of Copy of the four humours

Ancient Greece people believed that the four humors were used to identify personality differences among individuals. They believed that the body contained four humors or fluids. The four humors were blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm. Bad health was the result of the humours being imbalanced
The humours were created to different personalities
References to the four humors was used to describe some of the character's personalities in Shakespeare's plays. Sanguine and Phlegmatic Personalities The Four Humours What were the Four Humours? Sanguine Impulsive



Sensitive, charitable and romantic

Struggle with certain tasks PHLEGMATIC relaxed and quiet

kind, and accepting,




relaxed, calm CH LERIC energetic,

angry, reckless and proud.


dominative over people

highly disorganized

depressed MELANCHOLIC depressed




Choleric Melancholic Phlegmatic Sanguine HUMORS IN THE TAMING OF THE SHREW Choleric CHARACTERISTICS CHRACTERSTICS Publius Ovidius Naso(43 B.C – 17 A.D.), called "Ovid" in English, was born in Sulmo (now Sulmona), Italy

He is considered as the most important poets in Latin Literature

He was a Roman aristocrat and poet, he wrote a collection of poems based on Roman and Greek Mythology which was called “ Metamorphoses” About Ovid
Most of the stories in Metamorphoses address the transformation of love

Shakespeare was inspired by one of Ovid's Metamorphoses so he created Taming of the Shrew.

Shakespeare's "Taming of the Shrew" used Ovid's "Heroides" (one of Ovid's poems) to challenge correct gender

Shakespeare’s Presence of Ovid’s The Metamorphoses to Foreshadow and Highlight the Transformation of the Character of Katherine in The Taming of the Shrew 3. Ovid's Metamorphoses. 2. George Gascoigne's Supposes (1566, 1573)

there is a direct literary source for the sub-plot of the play

It is related when Lucentio changes places with Tranio to win the love of Bianca. George Gascoigne's Supposes
Shakespeare got his ideas for the play
from several sources that were popular at that time.

1. Much Ado About Nothing (1598)-

Although the plots themselves are different, each play gives us a bold and saucy pair of protagonists who enter into a battle of wits.

Much of the cleverness and verbal acumen found in Much Ado is shown in the Taming of the Shrew Sources of the play Ameer, Mohammed, Omer, Florian
Date: 11/23/2012
Mrs. Lowe Literary Sources Both protagonists, Kate and Petruchio, are identified as choleric characters Petruchio’s taming of Kate begins with his bad behavior at their wedding, when he arrives late and poorly dressed and interrupts the wedding feast by dragging her off to his home far away. Katharine refuses to accept the music lessons
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