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Josip Broz "Tito" the 20th Century Dictator of Yugoslavia

This is my project for History based upon the Yugoslavian Dictator Josip Broz Tito.

Neil k

on 4 April 2011

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Transcript of Josip Broz "Tito" the 20th Century Dictator of Yugoslavia

Hitler's forces invaded Yugoslavia on April 6 1941. On April 17 1941 the Yugoslavian government fled the country.Tito organized a partisan force in Yugoslavia. Quote from Tito was born in the village of Kumrovec, Croatia-Hrvatsko Zagorje, which at the time was in Austria-Hungary. In 1913 during the fall he was drafted into the Austro-Hungarian Army. He was arrested for anti-war propoganda and sent to Petrovaradin fortress. He was later sent to fight on the Eastern Front against Russia in 1915 He was a capable soldier, becoming the youngest Sergeant Major in the Austro-Hungarian Army.He was recommended for the Silver Bravery Medal but was injured and taken prisoner by the Russians. Silver Bravery Medal Tito was sent to a work camp located in the Ural Mountains. At the camp the prisoners selected him for camp leader. Later the prisoners would be freed by revolting workers for the Bolsheviks. This lead Tito to join the Bolsheviks. Our sacrifices are terrible. I can safely say that there is no other part of the world which has been devastated on a vaster scale than Yugoslavia. Every tenth Yugoslav has perished in this struggle[World War II] in which we were forced to wrest armaments from our enemies, to freeze without clothing, and to die without medication. After he took part in the Russian Revolution, he returned to Yugoslavia to campaign for communist. After the government outlawed communism, he was sent to jail where he met his idealogical mentor Mosa Pijade. After he was released from prison he lived with aliases, this is where he started to live with the name "Tito" Tito was not the only resistance force opposing the Germans in Yugoslavia. There was another group called the Chetniks lead by Draza Mihailovich. The two groups did not get along the Chetniks accused the Yugoslavian Partisans of being Communists and the Partisans accused the Chetniks of working with Italians and Germans. Although the Chetniks were officially supported by the exiled government, the Allies investigated and found out that the Partisans were doing most of the fighting and supported them. In March 1945 his council of national liberation and the royal Yugoslavian government merged and he became the head of the new Yugoslavia government. After an election, where only members of the National Liberation Front were allowed to run Tito got almost an 80% majority and King Peter II was desposed and a republic was formed. Tito was reelected from his first term in 1953 until 1963 when the constituation was changed to make Tito president for life. Josip Broz Tito Tito's Journey to becoming a Dictator "None of our republics would be anything if we weren't all together; but we have to create our own history - history of United Yugoslavia, also in the future."
— Josip Broz Tito Having been a Bolshevik during the Russian Revolution Tito was ,at first, a loyal follower of Stalin. But when Stalin critized him, Tito rejected his advice and consiquently was expelled from Cominform(Communist Information Bureau,which intially was located in Yugoslavia until this expulsion in 1948) Without Soviet control Tito's aides revived Marxist humanism(the concept of workers self-management and recomended economic reform and decentralization of government. In 1960 Tito joined with African and Asian countries to promote non-alignment(independace from both the USA and USSR) In 1955 the relationship between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia improved but Tito was determined to remain independant, even protesting the Soviets invasions into Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Afghanistan Beliefs Tito was inspired by Russian Communism but after some clash of ideals seeked a more moderate communism and Marxist ideals. Also Tito sought a independance from the US and USSR with other unaligned countries. "We have spilt an ocean of blood for the brotherhood and unity of our peoples and we shall not allow anyone to touch or destroy it from within."
— -Josip Broz Tito Goals Tito started out working to bring communism to Russia. After he returned home, Tito campaign to turn Yugoslavia into a communist country. But first there was the little problem known as Fascist Germany to deal with. Tito organized a group of mainly communist resistance force. The Partisans eventually grew to a force of 800,000 men and women. Tito eventually drove the Fascist forces out of Yugoslavia and became the leader of the country. During his presidency Tito unified the many different religous and nationalities that existed in the country. He also worked to improve the healthcare and education of his people and worked to keep Yugoslavia a country betweem super powers. He also developed his own style of Communism known as "Titosim" We study and take as an example the Soviet system, but we are developing socialism in our country in somewhat different forms. (...) No matter how much each of us loves the land of socialism, the USSR, he can in no case love his own country less.
— -Josip Broz Tito Policies and
Methods of Operation Like most dictators Tito had in his control an effective force of secret police to keep order. He had also purged dissent elements of the Communist party that he did not agree with.Plus his militarization of Yugoslavia helped him deal with his hostile opposition. Tito was also made Yugoslavia the most relaxed Communist in Europe, he loosened many of his regimes controls particulary those that affected farmers. One skill Tito had that was very useful to him as a leader was acquiring aid money. Since he remained relatively neutal he was able to receive aid and loans from both the USA and USSR. "No one questioned "who is a Serb, who is a Croat, who is a Muslim (Bosniak)" we were all one people, that's how it was back then, and I still think it is that way today."
— Josip Broz Tito Impacts on Society Tito had a huge affect on the countries of the Balkans. He drove out the Fascist from Germany and Italy and unified the countries using his magnetic personality and willingness to stick up to bigger powers and remain independant. Tito acted as a buffer between the Communist East and Capitalist West. Working with both of them as well as working with countries not aligned with either like Indian and Egyt. During 1984 in Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Yugoslavia the XIV Winter Olypmics were hosted. Josip Broz Tito died on May 4 1980. It was the largest state funeral at that point in history. Without a charismatic leader ethnic tension began to grow. Eventually the country began to split up and many bloody conflicts began throught the countries. Stop sending people to kill me. We've already captured five of them, one of them with a bomb and another with a rifle (...) If you don't stop sending killers, I'll send one to Moscow, and I won't have to send a second.
— -Josip Broz Tito in a letter to Stalin
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