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The Roaring twenties
Transcript of The Roaring twenties
Fitzgerald and The Sun Also
Rises by Ernest Hemingway
are Prominent American novel
that Characterize the 1920s.
Jay Gatsby, the main character
of Fitzgerald's is a self-made man.
After serving during WWI, Gatsby returns to America and amasses a fortune by bootlegging alcohol from Canada; despite his success, however, he pines for the love of his life, Daisy Buchanan, who is married to the ruthless and cruel Tom Buchanan. Gatsby stages a reunion with Daisy
through her cousin, Nick Carraway,
The narrator of the novel, through
whos eyes the reader experiences
the events of the story, the
tragedy which ensues, typifies the
careless and irresponsible lives these characters, with the exception of Nick, lead. Hemingway's novel is really the so-called "Lost Generation," a term coined by writer Gertrude Stein, which describes young people's lives who had been torn apart by WWI. Wounded in the war, the main character, Jake Barnes wanders around Europe with his equally aimless companion, Lady Brett Ashley, who had served as a nurse during the conflict and had nearly been killed by her husband who had had a breakdown after the war. She refuses to take either herself or her male companions seriously. Both Novels, The Great Gatsby by Scott Fitzgerald and The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway, are excellent stories that demonstrate the true essence of the 1920s. The disrespect of marriage, change in women, extravagant parties and excess drinking are some key descriptions of "The Roaring Twenties." Through the characters it is extremely easy for a reader to imagine the glorious era. The Roaring Twenties Miranda James Tom does not respect his
relationship with Daisy and
is extremely cruel towards
her and the rest of the
characters. The lack of
respect in their
relationship, however, is
mutual. Although Daisy is
kind to Tom and refuses to
leave him, she does not
respect their marriage and
has an affair with Jay
Gatsby. Both partners are
reckless and it is proven
when Nick says: Daisy does provide herself with some moral consequences when she refuses to pronounce her love for Gatsby and leave Tom. Daisy
knows deep in her heart it is wrong to be unfaithful, no matter what her feelings are
for another man. Tom does not have the same empathy Daisy posses and his cheating ways result in Gatsby's murder, when George Wilson
is convinced the person who hit Myrtle is
also the one she is having an affair with.
There is some question as to the reason why Daisy marries Tom in the first place instead
of waiting for Gatsby to return from war,
Daisy says, "I married him because I thought
he was the perfect gentleman...I thought he
knew something about Breeding, but he wasn't
fit to lick my shoe."(Pg.59) Gatsby is another character who manifests disrespect for marriage and relationships. He is completely aware Daisy has married Tom, but will stop at nothing to rekindle their love. Gatsby does not realize their love belongs in the past; Daisy has moved on since then and even has a daughter, Pammie. The most likely reason for this is her former marriage which almost resulted in her death. The reader first notices her emotional depth in her relationship with Romero, although she tries to hide it. The reason for the limitations on marriages in the 1920s may have been due to the war. When the men were off, women found new interests, possibly new men. Both novels depict the time period as one of wealth excess, mindless pleasure and lack of moral consequences for ones actions The first example of the care-free
reckless lives in the 1920s is the
lack of respect for marriage and relationships. This occurred in The
Great Gatsby by a number of
characters, the first being Tom
Buchanan, cheating on Daisy with
Myrtle Wilson whos husband owns
the gas station in the Valley of Ashes. The reader first finds out Tom has a lover when Nick is over at Tom and Daisy's house. Tom takes a phone call from Myrtle, Daisy rushes into the kitchen to join him and Jordan Baker, who is also joining them, informs Nick of Tom's secret relationship. "Don't talk I want to hear what happens."
"Is something happening?"
"You mean to say you don't know? I thought everybody knew."
"Why-Tom's got some woman in New York."
"Got some woman?"
"She might have the decency not to telephone him at dinner don't you think?"(Pg19-20) They were careless people, Tom and Daisy - they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness, or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made...(Pg170) In The Sun Also Rises, Lady Brett
Ashley lacks respect for
relationships. Engaged to Mike, in
love with Jake, disgusted by Cohn and
infatuated with Romero, Brett has a
difficult time deciding who to choose
and is constantly bouncing between
men. Since Brett is the only significant woman in the book, each man is stunned by her seductive looks. Her tough exterior is only a shell for her true sadness for no real relationship she can maintain. "Couldn't we live together, Brett? Couldn't we just live together?"
"I don't think so. I'd just tromper you with everybody. You couldn't stand it,"
"I stand it now."
"That would be different. It's my fault, Jake it's the way I'm made." (Pg.62) In the 1920s a new style of women were being
'created.' The dresses and hair cuts became shorter, make up was worn, they bagan to drink more openly and the mother and daughter roles no longer applied. Women wanted to be free and reckless. In Fitzgerald's novel, Daisy is described as beautiful but not just her physical appearance; the entire carefree, comfortable, luxurious lifestyle she represents. In Hemingway's novel, Brett demonstrates the same thing. Both women represent a certain power that comes from beauty; it leaves men helpless, making them do anything for their attention. They both show the true essence of the 1920s and the extreme changes in women of that time. Parties are the huge, careless excitement of the 1920s, with the new jazz music and dances such as the Charleston, Foxtrot, Cake Walk and Black Bottom. Everyone drinks and socializes to hear the latest gossip. In The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby throws the most extravagant parties; There was music from my neighbor's house through the summer nights. In is blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars. At high tide in the afternoon I watched his guests driving from the tower of his raft, or taking the sun on the hot sand of his beach while his two motor-boats slit the waters of the sound, drawing aquaplanes over cataracts of foam. On weekends his Rolls-Royce became an omnibus, bearing long past midnight, while his station wagon scampered like a brisk yellow bug to meet all trains. And on Mondays eight servants, including and extra gardener, toiled all day with mops and scrubbing-brushes and hammers and garden-shears, repairing the ravages of the night before.(Pg.41) This is the first time in the novel
Nick's shyness is demonstrated. He is blown away by the people, music and feels extremely out of his element. Nick seems lost in the east; he represents a mid-western, country boy, quiet, polite, helpful, caring and has no problem with anyone; The east was haunted for me like that, distorted beyond my eyes' power of correction. So when the blue smoke of brittle leaves was in the air and the wind blew the wet laundry stiff on the line I decided to come back home. (Pg.167) Nick can relate to Jake Barnes in The Sun Also Rises by token of this shyness. Although Jake is involved with the group of men and Brett at the pubs they go to, he does not involve himself with as much trouble. Jake is more of an observer, he rarely speaks of himself in the novel, but just of what he sees and of what has happened, instead of him talking about his enjoyment of alcohol and other reckless activities. This gives Jake a more intelligent look as the reader's guide through the story. The excessive drinking in Hemingway's novel can be related to Prohibition which happened in the United States in the 1920s, although the novel took place in Europe. It was believed drinking was wrong for economic, health, social and other reasons, so a law was passed prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcohol. In the novel it shows all the reason why Prohibition was created. At the pubs and parties Mike, Bill, Brett, Jake, and Cohn attend, there are constantly huge brawls with drunken men. When he went in and found Brett and the bull-fighter chap in the bull-fighter's room, and then he massacred the poor, bloody bull-fighter. He nearly killed him. Then Cohn wanted to take Brett away. Wanted to make an honest woman of her, I imagine. Damned touching scene. (Pg.205) Cohn would probably have not beaten up Romero if he hadn't been intoxicated. Drinking and parties, another careless action of the 1920s. Characters The Great Gatsby
Jay Gatsby is the made up wealthy man who rises from an impoverished childhood in rural North Dakota to become extremely wealthy by participating in organized crime. Jay Gatsby Met Daisy Buchanan when he was a young military officer and immediately fell in love with the luxury, grace and charm she represents. Pines on the past and is always trying to rekindle the love he and Daisy possessed years before. Nick Carraway Nick is the quiet, Midwestern man from Minnesota who travels to New York to take part in the bond business. He lives in the West Egg district of Long Island, next door to Gatsby. Nick is used as a middle man in Gatsby's plan to impress Daisy He is tolerant, open-minded, quiet, which gives other characters a safe person they can talk to and reveal their secrets. New York's lifestyle makes Nick lose his composure. Daisy Buchanan Daisy is a beautiful young woman who is Nick’s cousin and the object of Gatsby’s love Daisy promised to wait for Gatsby, but she chose instead to marry Tom Buchanan She is beautiful and charming, but also fickle, shallow, bored, and arrogant. Tom Buchanan The Sun Also Rises Jake Barnes Lady Brett Ashley Daisy's wealthy husband Arrogant, hypocritical, racist, sexist and a bully. Has no morals proved by his affair with Myrtle Jordan Baker A competitive golfer who Nick becomes romantically involved with represents the 1920s "new women" Beautiful but a liar because she cheated in order to win her first tournament Narrator and main character of the novel
Jake is different than his fellow mates. He is aware of his limit and will not push past it. In love with Lady Brett Ashley Wounded in World War I, often implies he can no longer have sex as a result of his injury Brett is a strong, charismatic, independent, beautiful woman. she refuses to commit to one man and is constantly searching for male attention through many characters in the novel. Miserable Robert Cohn Has always felt like an outsider Cohn is a target towards the other men with cruel and petty remarks. Only non veteran in the group of men