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Roman Beliefs in the Afterlife
Transcript of Roman Beliefs in the Afterlife
-King Minos is the king of the underworld
- In Roman times death was defined as the separation of body and soul.
-Romans believed that the dead lived in their tombs and gave it the name "eternal home" and gave the tomb offerings of food and wine. Roman Beliefs on Death -When a Roman died, they were met by Mercury, the messenger god and son of Jupiter.
-They were taken to Avernus, which is a cave that is believed to be the entrance to the Underworld, and dropped off at the River Styx that flowed nine times through the Underworld. -They paid Charon - the guide to the underworld to cross the river Styx on his ferry.
-They were judged by Aeacus, Rhadamanthus and King Minos after crossing over the river. -Romans could either bury or burn their dead
-When a Roman died their family would put coins under the deceased family members tongue so they can pay Charon to cross the river Styx.
-Roman treatment of the deceased in terms of the cremation rituals showed their life status . Roman treatment of the dead -The Romans believed the soul of a deceased person could only find peace when the physical body was buried or cremated in a proper manner and all ceremonies were conducted appropriately.
-The soul would haunt the home and family members if the burial or cremation wasn't done properly. -After being judged, the soul would be sent to one of three places, Elysian Fields, Tartarus, or the Asphodel Fields. -The Elysian Fields were for souls that lived pure lives, or were heroes in their life.
-The Elysian fields had green fields and valleys and the sun was always shining. -Tartarus was for the people who turned against the gods, or were rebellious and evil.
-souls in Tartarus were tortured in various ways until a person's debt to society has been paid with the amount of time they are their.
-Asphodel Fields was like Purgatory in Christianity.
-Romans who were sent here had done equal amounts of good and bad in their lives, and didn't deserve to be sent to either of the other two places.