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Roman Beliefs in the Afterlife

Death and the Afterlife
by

Evan DZkmec

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Roman Beliefs in the Afterlife

Roman After Life The God of the underworld is Hades, Hades is one of three brothers, the other two being Zeus and Poseidon.
-King Minos is the king of the underworld
- In Roman times death was defined as the separation of body and soul.
-Romans believed that the dead lived in their tombs and gave it the name "eternal home" and gave the tomb offerings of food and wine. Roman Beliefs on Death -When a Roman died, they were met by Mercury, the messenger god and son of Jupiter.
-They were taken to Avernus, which is a cave that is believed to be the entrance to the Underworld, and dropped off at the River Styx that flowed nine times through the Underworld. -They paid Charon - the guide to the underworld to cross the river Styx on his ferry.
-They were judged by Aeacus, Rhadamanthus and King Minos after crossing over the river. -Romans could either bury or burn their dead
-When a Roman died their family would put coins under the deceased family members tongue so they can pay Charon to cross the river Styx.
-Roman treatment of the deceased in terms of the cremation rituals showed their life status . Roman treatment of the dead -The Romans believed the soul of a deceased person could only find peace when the physical body was buried or cremated in a proper manner and all ceremonies were conducted appropriately.
-The soul would haunt the home and family members if the burial or cremation wasn't done properly. -After being judged, the soul would be sent to one of three places, Elysian Fields, Tartarus, or the Asphodel Fields. -The Elysian Fields were for souls that lived pure lives, or were heroes in their life.
-The Elysian fields had green fields and valleys and the sun was always shining. -Tartarus was for the people who turned against the gods, or were rebellious and evil.
-souls in Tartarus were tortured in various ways until a person's debt to society has been paid with the amount of time they are their.
-Asphodel Fields was like Purgatory in Christianity.
-Romans who were sent here had done equal amounts of good and bad in their lives, and didn't deserve to be sent to either of the other two places.
Citations
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afterlife#Ancient_Greek_and_Roman

http://www.novaroma.org/religio_romana/afterlife.html

http://www.theologywebsite.com/history/afterlife.shtml
Full transcript