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What is a Forest School ?
Transcript of What is a Forest School ?
Forest Schools in the UK & Scandinavia
Origin & Philosophy
I Ur Och Skur
"Learn how to be in
nature & protect it"
Early Years Foundation Stage and the Outdoors.
Changing of the EYFS
and the facilitating
Scandinavia Vs England
Exploring the differences between the original Scandinavian forest schools and the forest school philosophy implemented in England.
Child Centred pedagogy
embedded in curriculum
Encourage & inspire
Positive outdoor experiences
Comparative study (Maynard) Teacher Confidence. DfES 2003/2005. Ofsted 2004.
Hierarchical and self observation.
Fear of Risk and Litigation. Forest School and EYFS perspective.
targets. Trailblazer project.
Urban development & modernization
Global media domination
Create a bond
Love of nature
T.V, Books, Apps
Imitating desired results from
Culture clash ?
same results ?
Johnson, R. (1999) noted the
Colonialism and cargo cults in
early childhood studies
Johnson, R. (1999) Colonialism and cargo cults in early childhood education:
Does Reggio Emilia really exist? Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 1(1).
Vandewalle, M. (2010). ome Rain or Shine: A Whole School Approach to Forest School. FORUM: for promoting 3-19 comprehensive education. 52 (1), 43-48.
Kellert, S (1993). The Biophilia Hypothesis. Washington: Island Press.
Wilson, E.O (1984). Biophillia. United States of America: Harvard College.
Roberston, J. (2008). I Ur Och Skur: "Come Rain or Shine". Swedish Forest Schools. Creative Star Learning Company
Joyce, R (2012). Outdoor Learning: Past And Present: Past and Present. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Maynard, T (2007). Adapting the forest school approach: Challenges and Changes, in: Austin, R (Ed) Letting the outside in. Stoke-on-trent: Tentham Books.
Lindgren, C. (2010). Last Child in the Woods - saving our children from nature-deficit disorder. Nurturing the Child. 99 (1), 151.
what can we do to facilitate outdoor learning for england
The EYFS states:
• ‘Being outdoors has a positive impact on children's sense of well-being and helps all aspects of children's development.
• Being outdoors offers opportunities for doing things in different ways and on different scales than when indoors.
• It gives children first-hand contact with weather, seasons and the natural world.
• Outdoor environments offer children freedom to explore, use their senses, and be physically active and exuberant.’
Arrange flexible indoor and outdoor
space and resources where
children can explore, build,
move and role play
Maynard, T . (2007) Encounters with Forest School and Foucault: a risky business? International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education, 35(4), 379-391.
Nundy, S., Dillon, J., Dowd, P. (2009) Improving and encouraging teacher confidence in out-of-classroom learning: the impact of the Hampshire Trailblazer project on 3-12 curriculum practitioners, Education 3-13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education, 37(1), 61-73.
Ridgers, N.D., Knowles, Z. R. and Sayers, J. (2012). Encouraging play in the natural environment: a child-focused case study of Forest School, Children's Geographie, 10 (1), 49-65.
Sandseter, E. (2009) Characteristics of risky play, Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, 9 (1), 3-21.
Martin,M (2011) Outside Play: Designed by adults, used by children. An investigation in to play in pre-school. The plymouth student educator. 3 (1) 18-35
Louv, R. (2005). Last Child in the Woods. London: Atlantic Books
Maynard, T. (2007) Learning in the outdoor environment: a missed opportunity? Early Years: An International Research Journal. 27 (3) 255- 265
Waller,T , Beate, E and Maynard, T (2010) The dynamics of early childhood spaces: opportunities for outdoor play?, European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 18 (4), 437-443
U.K do not utilise the outdoor space due to litigation, curriculum and schoolification
Maynard (2009) Encounters with Foucault; A risky business.
Nundy, S et al (2009) Improving and Encouraging Teacher Confidence in out-of-classroom learning.