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Adjective Clauses

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Roza Pereska-Smith

on 7 April 2016

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Transcript of Adjective Clauses

Adjective Clauses
What is a Clauses?
structure that has a SUBJECT and a VERB
Adjective Clauses
are
Dependent Clauses
Complete the sentences with the correct words from the list.
Underline the word that follows
doctor
in each sentence.
Adjective clauses with Who and That to Describe People

The man
is friendly.

He
lives next to me.
I met a man.
subject
verb
He lives in Chicago.
Two kinds of clauses:
independent clauses
dependent clauses
I met a man. He lives in Chicago.
independent clause, complete sentence, it can stand alone as a sentence
I met a man
who lives in Chicago.
dependent clause(
who lives in Chicago
)
cannot stand by itself, it must be connected to an independent clause
Adjective
modifies a noun
describes a noun
gives information about a noun
beautiful
woman
adjective
noun
*the adjective usually comes in front of a noun
Adjective clause
dependent clause
describes a noun
gives information about a noun
comes after a noun
I met a
kind
man.
adjective
I met a man
who is kind to everybody
.
adjective clause
A dermatologist
An orthopedist
A pediatrician
A surgeon
1._______________is a doctor who performs operations.
2._______________is a doctor that treats skin problems.
3._______________is a doctor who treats bone injuries.
4._______________is a doctor that treats children.
subject
pronouns
"the man"

who
that
replace
he
with
who
and
that


who lives next to me
that lives next to me
adjective clauses
The man who/that lives next to me is friendly.
Practice
Underline each adjective clause. Draw an arrow to the noun it modifies
.
1.The hotel clerk who gave us our room keys speaks several languages.

2.The manager that hired me has less experience that I do.

3.I like the manager that works in the office next to me.

4.My mother is a person who wakes up every morning with a positive attitude.

5.A person who wakes up with a positive attitude every day is lucky.
Finish the sentences on a piece of paper.

1.The police officer was friendly. He...
2.The waiter was slow. He...
3.I talked to the woman. She...
4.The man talked a lot. He...
5.The people have three cars. They...
Next, give your sentences to a partner.
Combine each pair of sentences with
who
and
that
.
Check your answers with a partner.
Editing
Add who or that as necessary .
1. I liked the people sat next to us at the soccer game.

2.The man answered the phone was polite.

3.People paint houses for a living are called house painters.

4.I'm uncomfortable around married couple argue all the time.

5. While I was waiting at the bus stop, I stood next to an elderly man started a conversation with me about my school.
Let's talk.
Work in pairs. Complete the sentences. Make true statements.
I know a man/woman who...
I have a friend who...
I like athletes who...
Workers who...are brave.
People who...make me laugh.
Doctors who...are admirable.
Kids who...are cute.
Dogs who... are expensive.
Object Pronouns in Adjective Clauses to Describe People
The man was friendly. I met
him
.
object pronoun
that
change
him
with
that
adjective clause
The man
that I met
was friendly.
continued...
The man
I met
was friendly. (without object pronoun OK)
You can change the object pronoun
him
with
who(whom)
.
The man was friendly. I met him.

The man
who(whom) I met
was friendly.
same as in:
The man
that I met
was friendly.
adjective clauses are in red
Practice
Check the sentences that have object pronouns.
1.The children who we invited to the party are from the neighborhood.
2.The children that we invited to the party were excited.
3.The children whom we invited to the party had a good time.
4.The children who live next door are a lot of fun.
5.Marie and Louis still keep in touch with many of the students
that they met in their English class.
6.People who listen to loud music or earphones can suffer gradual hearing loss.
7. I know a couple who sailed around the world.
8.The couple whom we had over for dinner sailed around the
world.
Pair work.
First, underline the object pronoun in the (b) sentence.
Next, combine each pair of sentences with
that
,
who
, and
whom
. Write them down.
Finally, circle the adjective clause.
1. a)The couple was two hours late. b) I invited them for dinner.

2. a)The man snored the entire flight. b) I sat next to him on the plane.

3. a) The man tried to shoplift some groceries. b) The police arrested him.

4. The chef is very experienced. b) The company hired her.

Adjective Clauses to Describe Things
who(whom)

which

that
refers to
people
refers to
things
refers to
people and things
to make an adjective clause, change
it
to
that
or
which
The river is polluted.
It
flows through the town.
that
which
The river
that/which flows through the town
is polluted.
adjective clause
that describes things
when
that
and
which
are used as subjects, they can not be omitted
The books were expensive. I bought
them
.
that
which
adjective clause
that describes things
The books
that/which I bought
were expensive.
The books
I bought
were expensive.
when that and which
are used as the object
Work in pairs. Underline each adjective clause. Draw an arrow to the noun it modifies.
1.I lost the scarf that I borrowed from my roommate.
2.The food we ate at the sidewalk cafe was delicious.
3.The bus that I take to school every morning is usually very crowded.
4. Pizza which is sold by the slice is a popular lunch in many cities.
5.Piranhas are dangerous fish that can tear the flesh off an animal as large as a horse in a few minutes.
Work in two teams.Write all the pronouns that can be used to connect the adjective clauses: that, who, which, or whom. If the pronoun can be omitted, use zero.
1.The manager fired Tom is difficult person to work for.
2.The box I mailed to my sister was heavy.
3.The people sat in the stadium cheered for the home team.
4.The calendar hangs in Paul's office has pictures of his kids.
5.The teenagers returned the wallet they found on the sidewalk.
6.The people my brother called didn't answer their phone.
7. The tree branch was lying in the street caused problems for the drivers.
Singular and Plural Verbs in Adjective Clauses
WHO
can refer to singular noun(man)
can refer to a plural noun(people)
I know the man
who
is sitting over there.
I know the people
who
are sitting over there.
Practice p.331 ex.24
Using prepositions in adjective clauses
(people)
The man was nice. I talked
to

him
.
preposition
object
that
whom
(none)
The man
that
I talked
to
was nice.
The man
whom
I talked
to
was nice.
The man I talked
to
was nice.

The man
to whom
I talked was nice.
(very formal English)

only whom can be used, not who

Using prepositions in adjective clauses
(things)
The chair is hard. I am sitting
in

it
.
preposition
object
that
which
none
The chair
that
I am sitting
in
is hard.
The chair
which
I am sitting
in
is hard.
The chair I am sitting
in
is hard.

The chair
in which
I am sitting is hard.
(very formal English)
only which can be used, not that
Practice
p.332 ex. 26

p.333 ex.27

Using WHOSE in Adjective Clauses
WHOSE
POSSESSIONS
The man called the police. His car was stolen.

whose
The man
whose car was stolen
called the police.

I know a girl. Her brother is a movie star.

whose
I know a girl
whose brother is a movie star
.

The people were friendly. We bought their house.

whose
The people
whose house we bought
were friendly.
Practice
p.336 ex.31,32


Review Chapter 12

p.338 ex.35,37

Game p.340 ex. 39

Review
Chart 12-1
p.321
Review
Chart 12-2
p.322
Review
Chart 12-3
p.324
Review
Chart 12-4
p.327
Review
Chart 12-6
p.332
Full transcript