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Transcript of Patricia Bath
in Harlem, New York, a dangerous and poor town. Her mother, Gladys Bath, a descendant of African slaves Cherokee indians, and her father, Rupert Bath, an immigrant from Trinidad, were her greatest inspiration. They encouraged her to get a good education. Her mother especially inspired her interest in science, buying her a microscope set which Patricia used often. Patricia was an extremely smart student. She finished high school in 2 1/2 years and excelled in science classes, winning many awards. She later attended the University of Howard where she got her MD and she got her Ophthalmology credentials from NYU and Columbia. After graduation she stayed in New York and worked in a hospital as an assistant surgeon. After she married and had her daughter, Eraka, in 1974, she moved to Los Angeles, where she started working on her idea of removing cataracts. Continued Background Laserphaco Probe The Laserphaco Probe, cured people with cataracts and allowed for the blind to be able to see again. The Effect of Bath's Invention Background Patricia Bath invented the Laserphaco Probe, which was a device to cure cataracts. Her invention had a laser and two small tubes, one used for irrigation and the other for suction. The laser was used to make a small incision in the eye and the laser energy would vaporize the cataracts in minutes. The damaged lens would then be rinsed with liquids and sucked out by the extraction tube. With the liquids still being washed into the eye a new lens could be easily inserted. Patricia faced sexism, racism, and relative poverty when she was growing up in Harlem, New York. There were no women physicians, surgery was a male profession. In addition, no high schools existed in Harlem since it was a black community. Also, blacks were excluded from many medical schools and medical societies and Patricia's parents didn't have enough money to send her to medical school, Struggles and Disadvantages