Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Maya

No description
by

Don Phillips

on 24 September 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Maya

The Maya
Noteworthy Achievements of the Maya
Maya Social and Political Organization
The Way out
Building a Civilization in the Rain Forest
Challenges of the Rain Forest
Challenges of the Rainforest
Classic Maya settled in a northern region of Guatemala
Dense rain forest - farming difficult
Hot and humid climate
Dependent of seasonal rain fall
Rain soaked through limestone bedrock, leaving little surface water
City Centers
Classic Maya Adaptations
Nobles
Priests
Merchants / Artisans
Peasants
Lord
Slaves
Legends
Architechture
Hieroglyphics
Ball Games
Calendars
Astronomy
Mathematics
City Centers
Built immense ceremonial centers /city states at different sites
At Tikal, built Temple I, 130 foot high step pyramid
Classic Maya Adaptation
Successfully farmed in rain forest by using slash and burn techniques and a system of raised fields and irrigated gardens
Created irrigation networks to support concentrated urban center, like Tikal
Planted and harvested corn, squash, beans, and other crops
Lord
Considered a god-king
Responsible for political leadership
Lords were mostly men, but women had great influence on political decisions
Nobles
Priests
Slaves
Peasants
Merchants
/ Artisans
Lived near ceremonial centers and helped lords run cities
Gathered taxes, supplies and labor for construction
Served as war captains who led peasant armies during war.
Were powerful because they maintained favor with the gods
Led religious rituals, calculated position of the stars, and treated the sick
Practiced human sacrifice on a limited scale
Merchants traded salt, cotton, fish, and animal skins for obsidian, jade, quetzal feathers, copal and cocoa beans over long distances
Artisans produced sculptures, codices, and murals to pay tribute to the gods
Men worked in fields; women managed household
Rewarded for their loyalty by being allowed to attend royal marriages and important religious ceremonies
Recruited from surplus children, war prisoners, and criminals
Required to do difficult or undesirable tasks like grinding maize
Not badly treated, but sometimes were killed and buried with masters.
Legends
Architecture
Hieroglyphics
Ball Game
Calendars
Astronomy
Mathemetics
Legends were recorded on stelae, urns, murals and codices
No Classic Maya literature survives, but legends of Popol Vuh.
Structures not as massive as in other cultures
Noted for its decorative stonework, graceful statues, intricate facades, and ornamental roofs
Distinctive feature was the corbeled arch
Only Native American people to develop a complete writing system
Represented ideas and objects with block-like symbols, or glyphs
Splendid courts still stand at many Maya sites (i.e. Tikal)
Game played both for recreation and religious purposes
Religious obsession with time led to development of calendars
Calendars were complex systems using several interlocking cycles of time
Had exact knowledge of moon phases
Able to predict eclipses of the sun and moon
Sophisticated number system based on units of twenty, written with bars for 5s, dots of 1s, and sign for 0
Full transcript