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The Kwakiutl Tribe

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by

Eda Qalliaj

on 6 October 2013

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Transcript of The Kwakiutl Tribe

The Kwakiutl Tribe
Kwakiutl People
What does Kwakiutl mean?
Are all speakers of the native language of the Kwakiutl, Kwakiutl as well?
Kwakiutl Territories
Canada
United States
Region

Runs along the Pacific coast of North America
What does the land consist of?
Leaders
Who led the tribe?
Chief's led the trades, wars, and the Potlatch ceremonies as well
Hamasaka Tluwulahu

Unique Characteristics

Known for Native American basket and woodcarving arts
Crest figures used for multiple reasons
Animals related stories associated with people in a clan
Paintings and carvings
Adorned with bears, birds, or animals from the sea or forest
Gender Roles
Women's Tribal Roles
Gathered plants and shellfish
Processed all kinds of food for storage
Prepared meals
Manufactured nets, mats, fabrics, clothing, and baskets
Blanket weaving, and fine basketwork
Men's Tribal Roles
Built traps
Made and used hunting and fishing equipment
Did all woodworking; including manufacture of canoes and construction of the long houses
Masks, boxes, canoes, crest poles
Both Genders Tribal Roles
Took part in storytelling
Artwork, music, and traditional medicine
Kwakiutl chief was always male, clan leaders could be masculine or feminine
Religion
Affected the outcome of various pursuits
Kwakiutl attitude toward the world is pragmatic and secular
Style of clothing
Made clothing from bark of trees
Made rain capes and coats from animal skins
Men usually wore nothing at all
Women wore short skirts made of cedar bark
Clothing in cold weather
Clothing during formal occasions
Clothing that the wealthy Kwakiutl people wore
Shelter
The Kwakiutl built houses called plank houses, or clan houses
Each clan house could hold approximately 30-50 members of the same clan
Each family had the one room dwelling area and each cooked its own food on its own fire
Principle Food Source
Abundant food (fish and salmon)
Main source of food was caribou
Men hunted moose, deer, rabbits, and beaver
To get salt for their food, women gathered seaweed
Occasionally catch whales with wooden harpoons
Interaction with nonnative peoples
Traded regularly with other tribes for specific items
Traded with Nootka, Tlingit, and Haida tribes
Northwest coast tribes fought each other frequently
Time Frame
8 reserves on 728 acres of land
Culture continues
Dances and songs approved by elders
Dance, songs, rituals; man returns to human self
Prezi by; Adela Qalliaj
Room 303
Children's Roles
Helped around the house
Played with dolls and toys
Ceremonies
Male Shaman
When someone took ill, it was believed to be an intervention by the spirit world, or a loss of the person's soul. Shamans were the only people who communicated directly with the spirits, so they were the only ones who could cure the sick
Full transcript