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Effects of Divorce on Children

CHDV 110
by

Lizeth Vega

on 1 June 2013

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Transcript of Effects of Divorce on Children

Divorce can affect a child:
Socially
Emotionally The Effects of Divorce on Children Lizeth Vega
CHDV 106 Long term effects on a Child Emotionally Long Term Effects on a Child Socially Social Effects on a Child Children of divorced parents are likely to:
be aggressive
have poor relationships with other children
have fewer close friends
(Emery, 2004, Pg. 171) Children of Divorce are less likely to learn social skills such as:
cooperation
negotiation
compromise
(Emery, 2004, pg 174) Children exposed to the conflict between their parents, both before and after a divorce, may model the poor communication of their parents. Effects on the Child Emotionally “Boys tend to be more aggressive toward others” than girls (Berns., 2010, pg 85) Feelings a child has when during and after the divorce:
self-blame
disbelief
denial
sadness
loss loneliness
depression
anger
anxiety
fear relief
hope
(Eleof, 2009) Issues of children that parents must address after the divorce:
feeling of parental loss
the economic struggles
the life stress
adjustments for the child
(Portnoy, 2008, Pg. 135) Effects on the Family Effects on the Child
domestic responsibilities: For example, the mother would most likely have to find work outside of the home because the father no longer contributes the same amount of money as before the divorce (Berns, 2010, Pg. 84).
emotional support: parents won't be able to share the daily decision making with or someone who can provide the psychological support they needs (Berns, 2010, Pg. 84).
authority distribution: In most traditional homes,the father may have had more authority in the home or both parent shared the authority before the divorce. After the divorce, the custodial parent has the majority of the authority over the children, and the absent parent has minimal authority with the children (Berns, 2010, Pg. 84). Changes in the family: Effects on the Family (Cont.) functions such as “responsibilit[ies] for financial support, child care, and home maintenance” (Berns, 2010, Pg. 83)
roles that change in the family are their role obligations towards one another such as the roles in “socialization, assignment of social roles, economic support, and emotional support” (Berns, 2010, Pg. 83).
socioeconomic changes can be an especially rough time for the custodial parent because the custodial parent not only has to care for the childrens needs but as well as the housing. Effects on the Community Children of Divorced Parents tend to have Issues such as: anger
stress
oppositional behavior
In adolescence:
alcohol consumption
delinquency
more likely to use drugs
(Portnoy, 2008, Pg. 129) Children of divorced parents tend to have a higher crime rate. Immediate Effects on Children The main subjects that are immediate effects on children:
education
emotions
relationships Immediate Effects on a Child's Education exhibit lower academic performance than children from intact families
score lower on academic tests
have lower educational aspirations
are two to three times more likely to drop out of school
achieve lower levels of education
lower adult occupational status
(Portnoy, 2008, Pg. 128). A child who is affected by divorce may: Immediate Effects on a Child's Emotions Child may experience the following emotions before, during, and after the divorce: self-blame
disbelief
denial
sadness
loss
loneliness
(Eleof, 2009) depression
anger
anxiety
fear
relief
hope Immediate Effects on a Child's Relationships fear of repeating his or her parents’ failure to maintain a loving relationship
fear of commitment and intimacy When the child is older, he/she may: Long Term Effects on Children Divorce has long terms effects on a child such as: Social effects
Emotional effects Children also showed long term social effects such as:
the inability to develop and maintain supportive friendships and dating relationships
fear of repeating his or her parents’ failure to maintain a loving relationship
the fear of commitment and intimacy
(VanderValk, 2005, Pg. 548) Children also showed long term emotional effects such as:
fears of betrayal
abandonment
loss
rejection
rising anxiety in late teens and early 20s
feelings and memories about their parents’ divorce arise with new intensity as they enter adulthood
life-long vulnerability to the experience of loss anger
resentment
hostility
a reduction in psychological well-being
depression in young adulthood
low life satisfaction
(VanderValk, 2005, Pg. 548) Agencies Genesis Counseling
Insight Counseling
Kids First
Remarried with Children
Focus on Kids References Emery, Robert E.(2004). “Dealing with the Emotions So You and Your Children Can Thrive”. New York: Viking Press.
Berns, Roberta. Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization and Support. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2010. Print.
Eleof, S. (2009). “Divorce effects on children”. The Child Advocate.
Johnson, V.I. (2010). “Adult Children of Divorce and Relationship Education: Implications for Counselors and Counselor Educators”. The Family Journal, 19(22), 23.
Portnoy, S. M. (2008). “The Psychology of Divorce: A Lawyer's Primer, Part 2: The Effects of Divorce on Children”. American Journal Of Family Law,21(4), 126-134.
Whitemarsh, S. (2008). “Elementary school teachers' perceptions of divorce”. Unpublished master's thesis, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Eau Claire, WI.
VanderValk, I. (2005). “Family structure and problem behavior of adolescents and young adults: A growth-curve study”. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34(6), 548-549.
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