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The Qing Dynasty

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Jaden Mikoulinskii

on 5 January 2017

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Transcript of The Qing Dynasty

The Qing Dynasty
Eight Banners system (1615)
Green Standard Army took over the Eight Banner system (3:1) in the last years of the Qing dynasty
Information and Images courtesy of......










**All images from Google**
Political Leaders
Emperor Kangxi (1654-1722)
Second ruler
One of the longest raining emperors
Emperor who loved the people
Was emperor at 8
The Qing Dynasty
By: Jaden and Madison
Named after Confucius
A philosophical system
Originated as a "ethical-sociopolitical teaching"
Belief that humans are teachable, improvable, and perfectible
Intellectual- The Qing Language
Society Customs and Gender Roles
Architecture in Aesthetics
The Qing dynasty's architecture did not differ much from the Ming dynasty's. The only significant improvements from the previous period were as follows:

Lavish gardens
Further use of glass in buildings
Advancements with the use of materials like wood and stone
Defined angles in upper structures
(1644-1911, 267 years)
Political Military
Emperor Qianlong (1736-1796)
China grew under Qianlong reign
One of the longest raining emperors
Universal ruler
Economic-- Trade
Traded with Europe and Central Asia
Exports tea, silk, chinaware, and porcelain
Merchants and the state
Trading with Britain (opium abolished in 1839. War started in 1842)
Trade was mostly done by water routes
Coin currency
Tael (weight)
four common tael
stoped using the tael in 1911
Confucianism was their official religion
Didn't force a curtain religion
Daoism and Buddhism
Thesis Support
Social Classes

The people that lived during the Qing dynasty (also known as the Manchu dynasty) were categorized in the following social classes:

Upper class: this included goverment officials (bureaucrats), high society or the elite (gentry), along side the emperor and his family

Working Class/Middle Class: In this group, the peasants (largest group), artisans, common workers, and merchants were placed.

Lower class: Society wise, these were the lowest of the low, practically off the Confucian Social Hierarchy levels. Military workers, slaves, In. servants, and entertainers were classified under this group.

Women: they had few rights under the Qing duration. They were mostly kept in the household and were chosen by their spouses. If a woman's spouce were to die, suicide was concidered an honor and greatly encouraged.
Traditionally, some of the upper class men would choose their spouse a class or two underneath theirs to maintain sorority, dominance, and power. Clearly, authority was patriarchal based
Confucian customs were inforced by the ruler Kanxi
Mandate of Heaven: heaven (Tian) granted emperors the right to rule based on their ability to govern well and fairly. The Chinese of this time period were firm believers of this philosophy
Foot binding was extremely popular during this time
Geography and Art
After the downfall of the Ming people, the Machus people seized Beijing and took over China and most of its containing provinces.

Main aspects of Qing Art include:
traditional Chinese painting
Beijing opera
Artists that were either traditional artists who displayed the past in their works, individualists that of which mainly showed political dislike, and those who served the Manchu court.
The people of the Qing era spoke a specific language known as Manchu. Only about 20 people can still speak and write this language. Like English, it was an alphabet based language. Like most Chinese languages, it is written from left to right. The letters have different forms known as initial, medial and final. Often, each letter's shape varies depending on the vowel that resides before it.
The Machine Gun
Guns with smaller barrels
Stone Needle Accupuncture
Use of Herbs and it's toxins
Printing Production
Advanced battle gear (lighter and longer bronze swords, and lighter spears)
foot binding
In conclusion, the Qing dynasty is, by far, the most fascinating and commendable of all of the Chinese dynasties because it introduced extreme population growth that is now displayed in modern day China, it introduced important crops, it revolutionized Chinese trade for generations to come, and was one of the most complex of the dynasties.
Important crops like Maize, Sweet Potatoes, and peanuts were introduced
Art like opera, painting, and poetry impacted artifacts from the Qing dynasty that still remain today
Introduction of things like Glass, printing, and medicine
Defined trade routes by water
Complicated trade by advancing the currency (Bullion and Opium controversy-1830's)
Intensified army standards from the wars within this time period (such as the Opium War)
Strengthened Goverment Leadership Role that effected how China is run to this day

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