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Photography 1650 - 2014

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Simon Firth

on 17 October 2014

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Transcript of Photography 1650 - 2014

Timeline of photography
1650 - 2014

The Camera Obscura, was a box with a pin sized hole in it to allow light to pass through it, objects would be placed in the box to projected the image on a wall through the lens, artists would then copy from it. the Camera Obcura was used so frequently that it started to develop.

The camera obcura is so famous because it was the first ever camera, it only lacked one huge thing... you couldnt save the image. this was useless so developments went on over decades but still no saved images. However without this piece of tech they camera we know of today could have been very different,
we not even have a camera because from this box we can see that it is not all that different from the camera's in the early 1900's.
In 1727 Johan Heinrich shulze made the discovery of silver salts. He made his discovery from putting a piece of chalk into a solution of Silver Nitrate and he exposed it in sun light, the chalk changed from white to black on one side.

he went on to experiment more with the 'Photographic impressions', he then realized that this technique was flawed because the images were over exposed and got blown out leaving only a fully black image.

The discovery of silver nitrate was essential. It made us one step closer to getting a saved photograph.
Thomas Wedgewood experimented with glass plates , he got the image
by inflicting light upon the silver nitrate coated glass, leaving a image behind. However the image didn't stay for long, he went on to call these plates, "Sun-Plates", becuase of light need to produce the images.

however from making so much progress he still couldn't find a way to preserve the images because they was being over exposed and blown out.

His progress fast forwarded us in time, without his work it could have been much longer before we had gotten to the digital camera that we know of today.
1826 - The First Photograph
in 1826 Joseph Niepce created the first lasting photograph, however in 1816 he created the first negative image however it got burnt out after being over exposed.

Joseph Niepce invented photography this is notably one of the most iconic stages in its history, after this stage photography was developing much faster now that people knew how to save a photograph.
First ever photograph - "A View From A Window"
after this, Louis Daguerre and Joseph Neipce partnered for 10 years after Daguerre's discovered how to shorten the exposure time of the image.
this was key, nobody could wait 8 hours for a exposure on a image so this was one of the most important things to improve on, Daguerre became famous for this. The new exposure time was to half an hour, it was a break through. In todays time we can expose an image within milliseconds on our phones.

later in 1833 Joseph Neipce died and Daguerre carries on to experiment with photography.

His determination to carry on studying is something we shouldn't take for granted, cause all of this we have today, could have changed if Daguerre would have stopped his studies.
19th, August , 1839
The Daguerreotype process was revealed to the world after trying the process on other photos since 1837. it consisted of multiple stages to develop the image.

However they still didn't have color images by this point, they would have to be hand painted in on the photograph.

In today's world everything we can take a photo on has the ability to take a vibrant images in a instant, we also have the ability to change change any color we want in a images we can add different styles and looks to a image with a click of a button. now i know how long it took in them days to make a image i feel as though i haven't realized how lucky i have been until now.
1844 William Henry Fox
He invented a process called 'Calotype Process' which leaves lots of permanent negative images on paper it was cheaper but at the cost of quality compared to the Daguerreotype Process and that it introduced ways of copying images.

This introduced the first ways of what we now know as 'Backing up' images or files.

1851 Fredrick Scott Archer
Fredrick Invented the 'Collodian Process', this process was done involving glass wet plates with Alcohol and silver nitrates. The process turned out to be a lot cheaper and produced sharper images than the Daguerreotype Process and all at smaller exposure times, it was now only taking seconds to make the images.
This method increased the speeds of making images and reflects of where we are today with photography, without these upgrades to the exposure and quality of the images it could have taken a lot longer to discover digital photography.
Also around this time photos started to appear in newspapers. people could actually see what they was reading, it was that popular it has been that way since. The majority of people who still read newspapers in the present day probably wont pick it up if it doesn't have a interesting photo on the cover to grab their attention.
Eadweard Muybridge tried to prove his point that horses take off when running.
He succeeded in his argument by using photography, he captured multiple images creating a slide show. This is what we now know as the shutter speed.

Its surreal to think the that the technology of the Shutter speed is over 100 years old.
George Eastman created the first Photo Film, which then went to be used right until digital cameras were invented. this then lead to the first affordable camera made by Eastman that sold for $25. However the customers had to send the cameras back to Eastman so that they could develop the film for the public. This then became the Eastman 'Brownie' in the early 1900's, some of these cameras are still around today and remain one of the most iconic cameras in photography history.

you can still buy film cameras today however they're life is on its was to ending as digital is becoming increasingly cheaper as technological advances keep continuing.

Kodak made the Kodak Chrome, a color camera using layers of negative panels on top of the 3 primary color panel creating a sharp color image, however because of the negative on top of the color panel it made the colors unsaturated and bland. We know these types colors well from old photos and movies from the 30's and 40's, this style of image is a stylistic effect in the present day.

Also in this year we saw the worlds first SLR camera (single-Lens-Reflex), these cameras have more features allowing the user to adjust the focus and exposure of image he/she is trying to capture.

Today the SLR camera is one of the most popular camera's you can get from amateur photographer to the professional film maker. they offer the best quality and practicality that come in a range of different prices for everyone. These Cameras have inspired hundreds of thousands to do photography or be a filmmaker.
we get the first somewhat modern camera that was portable and easy to use, this boosted journalism this can reflect how journalism is done today and how it has transformed. we know have crews that go round with sound techs and camera men and a reporter when then it would have been done with this little camera.
the first mega-pixel was created by Kodak. It made a 1.4million pixels this could produce a 5x7 digital photoprint.
today the mega-pixel is considered quite a simple thing as we now have phones with 8,10,14,20+ megapixel cameras. these cameras are becoming increasing more affordable and kids now have these gadgets we are now seeing the introduction of 'ultra-pixel', created by HTC, this is supposedly '1 UP' is the equivalent to '13.1 MP' according to 'Pocketnow.com' - http://pocketnow.com/2014/05/26/ultrapixels-vs-megapixels
Adobe Photoshop was released.

Adobe Photoshop is the most famous picture editing software available, its a favorite amongst students, Photographers and graphics designers alike.

Photoshop in recent years has become amazing popular for teens on the internet using social networking sites like Facebook and Instagram sharing photos that they have edited. Photoshop is stronger than ever, 24 years on.

In 1991 the SLR camera became available to the public. allowing anyone to get into photography in a easy way, now there are many photography classes that use these cameras.
The Internet was created
the internet is probably the thing we use the most in our modern day life's. As a whole the internet is versatile and unbelievably useful, you can help yourself and others noticed by sharing each others work on social networking sites it allows people to reach out and review their work and compare it to other photographers.
in 2000, our current primary way of saving our photos was created, the SD card. its compact and can hold hundreds and thousands of photos and it's affordable. it allows us to ditch the concept of film, now we can simply put them on our computers instantly get them into Photoshop and share them on the Internet.
Over the course of 350+ years the thing we love, photography, has come a long way from a pin-head sized hole in a box to project a image upon a wall to, share hundreds of photos to friends and family at the push of a few clicks on a phone.
Without the significant people such as Joseph Niepce, Louis Daguerre and George Eastman. we wouldn't have what we have today. The ability to capture anything we see, at anytime, wherever we are in the world. Since the early 1900's photographs have been used to help marketing and promoting. whether that be in newspapers, magazines, photo shoots and online. it has helped people show their product to the masses, its helped people understand what they have been reading about, that could be a story in a newspaper, that could be a article about a actor or actress. With just words people may struggle to image what the text is trying to tell you about, but when accompanied with a photo that goes along with the text, it helps the reader understand what they are reading about, its grabs their attention when they walk into a shop, they aren't just seeing a page of text, they're seeing the story within a 'snapshot' within a split second they can get a understanding instantly what is going and that is a powerful thing in marketing and advertising.
I think that we most definitely take for granted the technology we have, to take and share our photos , these inventors and pioneers have put the hard work and time into finding out more about photography, to push the boundaries of whats possible with light, chemicals, materials and cameras. It took 350 years to get to this stage it can only get better and at a faster rate than ever, this can be proven in the timeline. you can clearly see that it took a longtime at first to find the key factors of making a image, but once that has been discovered it rapidly expanded and developed and that can only carry on over the on coming decades.

Resources for my information
Pocketnow.com - (UltraPixels and MegaPixels information)
Google Images -
Wikipedia ( information about Joseph Neipce, George, William Henry Fox, Louis Daguerre, Thomas Wedgewood, Calotype process, Callodian process, silver salts/nitrate, Daguerreotype and Camera Obscura )
Prezi on ' Photography in Practice ' by Sion Markham
Portraiture - https://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=slefie+example&oe=UTF-8&gfe_rd=cr&gws_rd=ssl&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi
Famous portrait photographers - http://portraitinspiration.com/famous-portrait-photographers/
Steve McCurry - http://stevemccurry.com/
Steve McCurry Photographs - https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=Steve+McCurry+portraits&client=safari&rls=en&prmd=ivns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=s3RAVL7dLYvd7QblpYAI&ved=0CAUQ_AU
1930's fashion - https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=fashion+photography+in+1930%27s&client=safari&rls=en&tbm=isch&oq=&gs_l=
Famous Photographer Mario Testino - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mario_Testino

A Portrait photograph is a photograph that will have a person as the subject and it will usually be in a studio with a artificial lighting set up as opposed to natural lighting which is used when outdoors depending on the particular day. Portrait photos can be both formal and informal, 'Selfie's', have become a global phenomenon, these are a 'in the moment photograph or snap-shot taken on what usually would be a phone camera, this a 'self portraits'. However Portraits have been around for decades and have been known for being in wealthy people homes for many years, usually hung up on walls for them to self indulge this was and still is a popular thing in some cases.

They are capture the moods, expressions, feelings and emotions within people and within the image.

Steve McCurry is a well known portrait photographer who is famous for capturing joy and struggle in his work.

You can see from the lighting on this image that this man is under stress from his job as a miner or coal worker, we can understand from the expressions captured on his face by Steve, that he maybe struggling to make a living for his family and has a hard time doing his work. we can understand the struggles of this mans life from a photograph,

Fashion has changed a lot of the years, however it hasn't changed all that much in the sense of photography. yes in modern day times we have better lighting, better cameras, more diverse angles and more unique techniques when shooting fashion.

in the early 1900's they used to shoot fashion with a fairly simple lighting set ups and film cameras that would take a fair amount of time to develop the images, these images would go on in magazines such as 'Vogue', however in the modern day, these images are taken instantly with the invention of digital photography and are edited in applications such as Photoshop to get the perfect image they want, meaning anyone can be in the shoot and can be changed to look completely different in Photoshop.
1930's fashion photography
Modern day fashion photography
Mario Testino is a renowned Fashion photographer who has worked with countless models and celebrities, his has worked with magazines such as Vogue, Vanity Fair and Gucci as well as working closely with the royal family.

In his work he captures beauty and emotion. his work often has a provocative look and feel to it. He uses grey tones, lighting techniques to show this.

Mario Testino
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