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Inside the 19th Century
Transcript of Inside the 19th Century
1801: 9 million in England
(1 million in London)
1901: 41 million
(6.2 million in London)
Was the poverty level really that bad?
Lets take a peak into
what Dickens saw.
Working class maintained a rate of 274 infant deaths per 1000 births.
In the upper-class, only136 newborns out of 1000 would die before age one.
Children in the working and lower class were usually put into work houses under the Poor Law
Or they became apprenticed to work doing small dirty jobs like chimney sweeping
Literacy rates for about 5 years of school was only 69% for males and 54% of females
Members of the upper middle class held positions as physicians and lawyers.
Members of the lower middle class were shop keepers. teachers and journalists.
The upper class did not work. They inherited money and held positions like Duke and Earl
Upper class women didn't
k and maintained their reputation by having social outings.
Genders were always kept separate. Women went to separate beaches than men and had special dressing booths to change into their bathing suits.
For every36 inhabitants there was 1 prostitute yielding 55,000. Prostitution was not actually illegal in England.
Later in the century they were sent to work in a factory
Upper and middle class children were sent to school
Unlike many of his time, Dickens sought to reform these issues and constantly exposed them in his novels.
Charles Booth's Inquiry into Life and Labour in London Social cartography
Only the Upper and Middle classes ostracized prostitutes. The working and underclass were much more tolerant.
The impoverished s
ms had a horrifying 509 infant deaths per 1000.
The Working Class made up about 80% of the population.