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Light Rail Transit Scheme

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by

Tejiri Ayerume

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Light Rail Transit Scheme

Maintenance vehicles

Cost and Efficiency of trams
Light Rail Transit Scheme
The trams should be in sync with buses already in operation to make it possible for people to access other transport modes once they reach their required destination, but it should also operate more frequently than buses especially in the evening when the buses become less frequent as people will then rely more on the L.R bringing in more profit. Running time of around 20hours… 08:00-04:00
Running Time & Frequency
Alternative Methods of Transport

Construction methods
Type of rail
The Operational Cost
- LR55 rail, with UK Standard tram gauge (1,435mm, 4ft8.5 inch)
29 minutes by bus
16 minutes by car
55 minutes by bike
We aim to take 20 minutes
Construction on narrow roads
- Should be done one road at a time to prevent congestion
- Road resurfaced with LR55 rail embedded
- Diversions should be implemented
Cost of trams:
Construction on wider roads
The most modern trams, the Urbos 3, have been recently implemented to the transit scheme in Edinburgh.
- Double-lane traffic can be reduced to single-lane traffic to accommodate a two-lane tram network down the
centre of the road
Rail between towns
These costing £40 million for 27 trams, which is roughly £1.5 million each.
The Operational Cost
For a distance of about 30miles (return journey) there should be about 10 trams running
- Expressway between Leamington Spa and
Warwick will run by A46
- Prefabricated reinforced concrete bridges can
be used
4 main types of workers work for the rail company:

1. Rail Laying, Maintenance and Equipment Operators
2. Rail Car Repairers
3. Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters
4. Railroad Brake, Signal and Switch Operators
Efficiency of trams:
Lets have a look with the labour cost in different sectors of the rail company.
Trams are very efficient.
Up to 3 times more efficient than buses.
Much longer lifespan than buses.
No exhaust emission.
Higher capacity than buses.
e.g. 1.
Rail Laying, Maintenance and Equipment Operators

- Responsible for the laying, maintenance and repair of tracks.
- A total of
14,880
people were employed in this role in 2009, with a mean hourly wage of
£14.30
and a mean annual wage of
£29,900
.
The Operational Cost
e.g. 2
Rail Car Repairers

- These workers repair and maintain rail cars

- 20,910
people were employed in this profession in 2009 with an average annual salary of
£30,179
; that equated to a mean hourly wage of
£14.50
.
The cost of the railways
1. A single track line
- with a few locomotives and simple signaling
- built up cost: US$ 2 million per kilometer
including electrical and mechanical equipment.

2. A double track railway
- in a densely populated city with difficult geological conditions,
- requiring anti-earthquake construction techniques, high technology specifications
- built up cost:
US$ 200 million a kilometer
.

3. e.g. most expensive railways ever built was the
Jubilee Line extension in London
. This cost
US$ 330 million a kilometer
because of difficult civil engineering.
Project costs
Costs to be considered:
Cost of the railways
- Raw materials
- Construction and labour
- Administrative costs (i.e. legal costs)
- Compensation for disruption
Light Rail Transit Scheme
Group 6
Safety Features
1. Increased security with additional passenger Emergency Help Points on the train with direct communication access to the guard, supported by internal closed-circuit TV (CCTV) monitoring all areas of the train carriage.

2. Improved safety with the strengthened carriage design and new emergency features such as:

2.1 Advanced fire detection technology that alerts crew.

2.2 New emergency exit features and a new walk-through carriage configuration so that passengers can move away from an incident to another carriage or walk through the entire train for quicker evacuation from either end of the train in an emergency.

3. Automatic Train Protection (ATP) automatically stops a train going through danger signals. Computerized equipment is installed in both the train and at key points along the track. The design should eliminate human error from SPADS (signals passed at danger) incidents.
Stops
9Stops Coventry
9Stops Leamington
3Stops Kenilworth
3Stops Warwick

Points of interest
Stops at 3 railway stations
Stops at both university of Warwick and Coventry University
Central Coventry
Earlsdon
Kenilworth
Leamington Spa


All very expensive !!!
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