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New France Timeline
Transcript of New France Timeline
1603 - Pierre Du Gua de Monts' Monopoly
1604 - Establishment of Port Royal
1607 - Establishment of Jamestown Virginia
Henry IV, the king of France granted Pierre Du Gua de Monts a monopoly on the fur trade in Canada. Pierre's job was to protect his land from illegal fur traders by establishing a permanent settlement near the mount of St.Lawrence River. In return for this monopoly, de Monts became governor of Acadia. His duties were to maintain control of the area, explore, Christianize the Native people, and locate precious metals. As a result of being granted the privilege of trade and responsibility of settlement, de Monts later established Port Royal. If he hadn't created a settlement at Port Royal, Canada wouldn't exist!
History textbook- Canada Revisited 7
Pierre Du Gua de Monts and his mapmaker/manager, Samuel de Champlain established a French settlement on St.Croix Island in Acadia. Unfortunately, de Monts didn't complete his goal to protect his land from illegal fur traders. Because Port Royal was poorly located, it didn't keep other French fur traders from establishing trading posts, and trading for furs. This event was significant because it was how Canada originated. It was the first European settlement in what is now Canada. It was also the nation's first successful settlement in North America.
The English established a colony called Jamestown, in Virginia. Explorers had landed in America before the English arrived. James I the king of England granted approval for a group of businesspeople to settle in that new land. 214 people set sail for America. Very soon after they arrived, the Algonquins attacked them. The English managed to scare away the Algonquins, and they were there to stay. This event was significant because the founding of Jamestown was England's first permanent colony in North America.
1608 - Habitation At Quebec
1763 - Treaty Of Paris
Samuel de Champlain
As the leader of the 1608 expedition, Samuel de Champlain sailed to New France and established a habitation at Quebec. He wanted to expand the fur trade, so he formed alliances with the Huron and Algonquin. Just as Champlain wanted, the fur trade in New France grew rapidly, but the population of New France didn't grow. With political and financial support from France, he tried several company structures to encourage settlement in New France. This way he could maintain control of New France and the fur trade.
1613 - Port Royal was Attacked by The English
When Poutricourt was in France, Port Royal was attacked and most of its buildings got destroyed. This force was sent from Jamestown, Virginia, and was led by English captain Samuel Argall. As a result, Acadia was claimed by the English. This was significant because after this event, for the next 150 years the English and French fought in war over control of Acadia.
1627 - The Company of 100 Associates
(Compagnie de la Nouvelle France)
Cardinal Richelieu established the Company of 100 Associates. It was a French trading and colonization company chartered in 1627. In the same year, the company was granted a monopoly on the fur trade in New France. This was to maintain the colonies of New France and their trading partners. As a result this company had power over fur trades from the North Pole to Florida. This event also helped New France gain more population. In return for this monopoly the Company of 100 Associates promised to bring 300 new colonists to New France each year. This event was significant because the fur trade helped France's economy to be wealthier.
1642 - Fort Ville-Marie Was Built
Ville-Marie (Montreal) was founded by Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve. He and his company landed in Montreal on May 17, 1642. They built Fort Ville-Marie to create a settlement there. Maisonneuve governed the area for twenty four years. This little colony soon become known as Montreal. It became a Royal Colony in 1665. This event was significant because it was how Montreal originated. Without Maisonneuve's efforts, there would be no Montreal.
1663 - Establishment of the Royal Colony
King Louis XIV of France wanted to solve New France's problems by establishing a Royal Colony in New France. He was eager to increase France's power and wealth by sponsoring wealthy colonies. He took control of New France away from the trading companies. Then he had direct control over the colony, making it a Royal Colony. This event was significant because it was how New France became a Royal Colony, and then became a French province.
1670 - Establishment of the Hudson Bay Company
A group of English investors persuaded King Charles II of England that huge profits could be made if they develop the fur trade in the northern part of North America. They asked for a charter and trading rights on large land, which would be controlled by the company. The king agreed. On May 2, 1670 he granted a charter to "The Governor and Company of Adventures Trading Into Hudson's Bay". This charter gave the company a monopoly over the trade in all the territory who's rivers drained into Hudson Bay. This event was significant because if the Hudson Bay company was not created, there would be no Hudson Bay company today. Today, this company is known as the oldest North American company.
The charter to the Hudson Bay company:
1756 - The Seven Years' War began
The French and British had many conflicts, and they had different trading systems that competed with each other. These conflicts lead to the Seven Years' War. It was formally declared in 1756. This war was the first global war fought in Europe, India, America, and at sea. This event was significant because 150 years of French-British conflict in North America ended in the Seven Years' War. If this war hadn't happened, events would have ended differently.
The war in Europe between Britain and France ended when they both signed the Treaty of Paris. It was a successful war for the British. By signing this treaty, France gave all of its possessions in New France and Acadia to Britain. The only thing left for the French were two islands called St.Pierre and Miquelon. This event was significant because it ended the seven years' war.
BY: HELYA B.K. 7F