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The Congo River
Transcript of The Congo River
It is the second most voluminous river in the world with a discharge of 1,500,000 cubic feet of water per second
It is the fifth longest river in the world, draining a basin of nearly 1.5 million square miles
The Congo River is the main transportation source in Central Africa. Countless goods are transported along it every day Geography - It is 2,914 miles long
- Its mouth is the Atlantic Ocean
- The countries it flows through are Republic of Congo, Zaire, Angola, Zambia, Cameroon, and Tanzania.
- Major cities it flows by are Novosobirsk, Barnaul, Mogochin, and Akademgorodok. The river begins calmly in the savannas just south of Lake Tanganyika. Gradually the river widens and picks up speed until the "Gates of Hell," a 75-miles long canyon of impassable rapids. After the Gates of Hell, the river is surrounded by lush tropical rainforest known as the Lualaba or Upper Congo. During the rainforest stretch, the river crosses the equator twice. The Congo's water level does not have great seasonal fluctuations because it drains from both the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. Its flow is relatively stable because part of its watershed is always in the zone of rain. The Upper Congo ends with Stanley Falls, a 60 mile stretch of rapids. Stanley Falls gives way to the Middle Congo, a 1000 mile stretch of navigable river, nine miles wide in some parts. Along this stretch of the river is the city of Kinsangani. This city has been known for violence since Belgian colonial days. Near the end of the Middle Congo, the river slows to almost a complete stand-still for 20 miles, a section called Stanley or Malebo Pool. Here the river is 15 miles wide and bordered by the capital cities of Kinshasa and Brazzaville. After this comes Livingstone Falls, a series of rapids and cataracts 220 miles long. There are about 32 cataracts, and each has as much power as all the river and falls in the United States combined. The final 100 miles to the Atlantic ocean from the end of the falls is fully navigable. History of the Congo Villages on the Congo -Along the river there is the city Kinsangani that is known for violence since the colonial days.
- There is also the capital city Brazzaville that is also called the Republic of the Congo. It is the largest capital city on the Congo. The End! Navigating the River The river is called the heart of darkness by Joseph Conrad. The river and surrounding rainforest have been known through history as the mysterious land of pygmies, mythical beasts, plagues, and cannibals. It was made famous by the adventures and explorations of Stanley and Livingstone. It is known as a place of brutality and violence for its past: Arab slave and ivory trade, its long history of tribal warfare, and the ethnic violence and massacres of today. The river has many tributary rivers, such as:
Chambeshi "Congo River Facts." CONGO RIVER FACTS. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2012. <http://interesting-africa-facts.com/Africa-Landforms/Congo-River-Facts.html>. Citations "The Congo River." The Congo River. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2012. <http://rainforests.mongabay.com/congo/congo_river.html>. "The Congo River." The Congo River. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2012. <http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/geography/congoriver.htm>. Images courtesy of: Google Images & Google Earth