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UNANG YUGTO NG IMPERYALISMONG KANLURANIN

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by

Genevieve Gayao

on 29 August 2015

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Transcript of UNANG YUGTO NG IMPERYALISMONG KANLURANIN

UNANG YUGTO NG IMPERYALISMONG KANLURANIN
-nagsimula ang dakilang panahon ngeksplorasyon
o paghahanap ng mga lugar na hindi panararating
ng mga Europeo.

IKA - 15 SIGLO
IMPERYALISMO
-paghihimasok, pag-iimpluwensiya, o pagkontrol ng isang bansa sa isang mahinang bansa.
mga MOTIBO at SALIK
Marco Polo
The Travels of Marco Polo
- naglalarawan sa yaman at kaunlaran ng China
Ibn Battuta
Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Al Lawati Al Tanji Ibn Battuta
Rihla

/ A Gift to those who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and the Marvels of Traveling / Journey
- aklat / talaan ng kanyang paglalakbay
1. KAYAMANAN
pagnanais ng mga bansa na magkaruon ng maraming BULLION (Merkantilsmo)
Hangad ang mga produktong galing sa Asya (asukal, seda at pampalasa) at gamiting pampreserba ng pagkain (karne at medisina)
2. RELIHIYON
Humanism
-nagkaroon ng tiwala sa sariling
kakayahan ang tao.

- Ito ang nagbigay sa kanya ng
pagkakataong patunayan ang kanyang
galing. Hangad niyang maging sanhi ito ng katanyagan hindi lamang ng sarili kundi
ng bansang kinabibilangan.
Mga MALING AKALA
may mga sea monsters
mukhang demonyo ang
mga tao sa malayong silangan

3. PAG-UNLAD ng AGHAM
- tinipon ang mga pinakamahusay na
manlalayag, manggagawa ng barko, taga-guhit ng mapa at siyentipiko
Reference:
http://www.slideshare.net/marionmol/eksplorasyon
http://www.slideshare.net/janetdiederich/age-of-exploration-power-point-presentation
patag ang mundo
PORTUGESE
matatagpuan sa kanlurang baybayin ng
Iberian Peninsula

http://prezi.com/xi3geke1d7bq/age-of-exploration/
http://prezi.com/paklx6ygarod/the-age-of-exploration/
Prince Henry the Navigator
Bartolomeu Dias
Vasco da Gama
Impacts
1st brave explorers
proved things true, and many myths false
new knowledge
advanced in technology
started a "wave" of exploration
updated the map
SPANIARDS
Christopher Columbus
Francesco Pizarro
Spain: Conquest and Colonization
Impacts
Impacted New World
Diseases, cultural losses, new animals
Introduction of new crops in Spain ( corn and potatoes)
Population grew
Technological Advancement
New knowledge
http://prezi.com/rjahynrm-evf/the-age-of-exploration/
inikot ang
Cape of Good Hope
at nakarating sa
India
s
a paglalakbay sa dagat
1580 - nasakop ng Spain kaya hindi na nagawang ipagtanggol ang mga koloniya nito.
nagpadala ng madaming panlalakbay sa dagat sa West coast
Africa
ngunit hindi sumali sa expedisyon.
- sea-routes sa Indies
nagpatayo ng
navigation school
kung saan siya nagturo ng paggawa ng mapa, barko at navigation.
1st European Mariner to round the southern tip of Africa, opening the way for a sea route from Europe to Asia.
bumalik sa Libson dala ang mga
pampalasa
mula sa India
July 1497 -
led 4 hips, crew of 170 men
scurvy -
by the time they reached Indian waters, most of the crew got infected
Arabs dominated trade with India
Muslims were less inviting of da Gama’s competition and forced him to barter many of his spices in order to acquire sufficient supplies for the trip home.
Vasco da Gama only got a shipload of spices
Over a year to get back to Portugal
May 1498 -
arrived at a trading post of Calicut, India
Lost 2 ships, 126 of 170 men
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
rulers of Spain
major sponsors of explorations
liked conquest and colonization
Unang inalok ang serbisyo sa Portugal, ngunit Spain ang sumuporta
August 1492 -
naglayag pakanluran sa Atlantic Ocean at nais marating an
Asya
sa bagong rutang pandagat
ibinatay ang paglalakbay sa kalkulasyon ng sukat ng daigdig na napatunayang mali
Oktubre 12, 1492 -
narating ang
Carribean Islands

na kinilala niyang Asya na kinalaunan ay tinawag na
NEW WORLD
hinati ang daigdig sa Spain at Portugal
Spain - west
Portugal - east
Hernando Cortez
Ferdinand Magellan
Imperyong Aztec(Mexico)
Inca (Peru)
1521, Pilipinas
Line of Demarcation
Treaty of Tordesillas
ayaw ng mga Espanol na may susunod na explorasyon sa New World
Pope AlexanderVI -
hinati ang teritoryo sa Spain at Portugal upang maiwasan ang gulo
1494
Treaty of Zaragoza
1529
But Spain argued that the line of demarcation was wrong and didn't split the world in half as they 1st thought.
They settled it by putting the anti-meridian 297.5 leagues west of the Moluccas. Spain gave up its claim after Portugal paid them 350000 ducats of gold.
Moluccas - The "Spice Islands"
a chian of spice-rich isles in the Pacific
naglakbay pakanluran at sa Pasipiko
- pinatay ng mga katutubo sa Mactan
-5 ships(Trinidad, San Antonio, Conception, Santiago at Victoria), crew about 270 men
Marianas and Guam - Island of Sails and Islands of Thieves
Magellan's Long Journey
Strait of All Saints / Strait of Magellan
Pacific Ocean
Philippines
Juan Sebastian Elcano
nanguna sa pagbabalik sa Spain
naglayag sa barkong Victoria sa Indian Ocean route
kinompleto ang paglalakbay
and remaining crew
- 3 years of sailing, returned with 1 ship (Victoria) and 18 sailors
1st to
circumnavigate
the world
-sail around the world
Spanish Conquistadors
the natives welcomed them warmly and ignorant
despite the native's welcome, Columbus saw himself superior and claimed the land for Spain.
the natives died or turned into slaves
Aztec emperor thought that the leader was
Quetzalcoatl
- "Feathered Serpent"
-Aztec god-king who long ago vowed to return from the east.
Cortes was welcomed
- Spaiards hated the Aztecs' religion and planned to converting them to Christians
- wanted to imprison the emperor and gain control of the Aztecs riches
smallpox decreased their population
noong 1500-60s'. taon-taon nagpapadala ng mga barko sa Amerika o Pilipinas upang kumuha ng ginto at pilak
- Spain ang naging pinakamakapangyarihan sa Europe
sa unang pagkakataon, ang mundo ay konektado sa mga '
sea-routes
' dala ang mga produkto, tao at kaalaman.
ENGLISH
naghahanap ng kanlurang ruta ngunit walang nahanapan
pinagtuunan ang patatatag ng kolonya sa North America
Jamestown, Virginia - unang kolonya
Pilgrims
- English protestans -
-naghahanap ng kalayaan mula sa Simbahan ng England
1st to establish
self-government
Mayflower Compact -
agreement that sets up guidelines for governing their colonies
tinuruan ng mga katutubong magsaka
FRENCH
Jacques Cartier
- St. Lawrence River at silangang bahagi ng
Canada

Samuel de Champlain
-
Quebec
- unang permanenteng kolonya
-
sentro ng kalakalan ng
fur
THE ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE
G
o
l
d
g
o
d
g
l
o
r
y

TRADE
ROUTES
MISSIONARIES
RESOURCES
SPICES
fur
DUTCH
inagaw ang Moluccas mula sa Portugal
sistemang plantasyon -
pinatamnan ng mga tanim na mabili sa pamilihan
- sapilitang paggawa
Henry Hudson -
napasok ang
New York Bay > New Netherland
trading post -
New Amsterdam > New York City
Dutch East India Company
BUNGA ng paglalayag
maunlad ang tradisyong pandagat
pag-usbong ng mga lungsod ng Lisbon at Oporto bilang sentrong pangkalakalan
sentro ng kalakalan
pagdagsa ng yaman
pagbabangko at salaping papel
Kapitalsimo
EPEKTO ng Unang Yugto ng Kolonisasyon
Ugnayan ng West at East
pag-aaral ng heograpiya at eksplorasyon
kulturang Europeo
suliranin sa mga kolonya
Columbian Exchange
kalahati ng populasyon sa Amerika ay namatay sa sakit na dala ng mga Europeo kailangang umangat ang
lakas - paggawa
upang magtrabaho sa mga plantasyon ng tubo at kape

Africans
bilang mga alipin
Triangular Trade
1st leg of the trip :
2nd Leg of the Trip (Middle Passage):
Last Leg of the Trip:
European ships leave Europe to Africa to trade guns, cloth and cash for slaves
Africans are transported to America and traded for sugar, molasses, and other plantation goods
Goods obtained in Americas are taken back to Europe for profit
Horrors of the Middle Passage
African are stolen from their villages against their will
Men, women, and children are forced to walk long distances and carry heavy loads onto ships
FLOATING COFFINS
by

Ganevieve Gayao
( for History class )
Full transcript