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Transcript of Han Dynasty
Jobs, activities, and social status
Culture - Part 3
Culture - Part 1
Culture - Part 2
Government & Laws
The main jobs in the Han Dynasty were artisans, being part of the imperial family, merchants, nobles, officials, peasants, slaves, and soldiers.
At the top of the social pyramid was the emperor. Then, came the military leaders, scholars, government officials, and nobles. Then came slaves, farmers, peasants, artisans, and merchants. And lastly, slaves were at the bottom of the pyramid.
The civilians of the Han Dynasty had many things to do to entertain themselves. They liked music and enjoyed dancing. They also liked storytelling and chess. They would also play the very famous Chinese board game, mah-jong. They also had theaters, operas, and circuses. The Hans did martial arts displays and juggling. A lot of the women did flower and bonsai arrangements in their gardens. They also had pets. Wealthier people had dogs and the rest usually had songbirds. The most popular forms of art though were calligraphy, painting, and poetry.
The government during the Han Dynasty was bureaucracy. Bureaucracy is a type of government where the main leader rules and uses help from other government officials and military leaders to help rule the empire. Higher up officials lived with the emperor. Lower level officials lived all around the empire to watch the roads, canals, and food storage. The officials were evaluated every 3 years and were either promoted or demoted. The laws in the Han Dynasty were pretty similar to the ones today. They had severe punishments for severe infractions. Most civilians had freedom of speech though, unlike the Qin dynasty that preceded the Hans.
Social Studies 9
Tuesday, June 9, 2014
Brad Collier, Thais Ledru
Who, When, Where, What, Why?
Who are the Hans?
What did they wear?
Culture - Part 4
Farmers wore clothing that people still wear to this day. Simple pants and shirt with sandals. Women wore long dresses that wrap around their bodies. Higher up people in the society wore clothes made out of silk.
The society we picked for this project are the Hans. The Han Dynasty is a Chinese dynasty that existed from 206B.C.E. - 220A.D. It was located in South East China, surrounded by the Yellow Sea, the Great Wall, the Gobi Desert, and the Himalayas. The capital city of the Han Dynasty was Chang'an. The climate was warm during the summer and cool during the winter.
The civilization started because of Lui Bang, a military leader from the Qin Dynasty. After Qin Shi Huangdi's death, his son, Qin Er Shi took over the Qin Dynasty. Unfortunately, he only ruled for 3 years since he was a horrible leader. A civil war broke out since they were trying to get rid of Qin Er Shi. Lui Bang decided to take control over the situation and he became a military leader, overthrowing Qin Er Shi, and starting the Han Dynasty.
The three main religions in the Han Dynasty were Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism.
Taoism is a religion created around the 4th century B.C. in ancient China. It's a religion that basically worships the Tao and brings forward the fact that nature and humans should live in harmony and peace.
Confucianism is more of a way of life instead of a religion. The people that are followers of Confucianism are called Confucians. Confucius has 5 main rules and they are basically just relationship rules between different members of the society.
Buddhism originated in India and was created by Siddhartha, an ancient Indian prince in 528B.C. It is one of the most common religion currently. It's basically just rules to live by until you reach heaven or the Nirvana, as it is called in Buddhism.
The food the Hans consumed depended their economical and social status. Richer people usually ate pork, mutton, fish, quail, baby goat, bamboo shoots, lotus root, fine grape wines, and all sorts of fruits. They usually ate their food on porcelain plates and bowls with chopsticks made from bamboo, wood, or ivory.
Poorer people ate wheat and millet cakes, rice, beans, leeks, turnips, cabbage, peaches, melons, and plums. For more special occasions they ate pork, chicken, and beef.
What did they eat?
The main route for trading during the Han Dynasty was the Silk Road. The Hans imported gold, ivory, precious metals, and precious stones. They exported fur, ceramic, jade, lacquer ware, bronze, iron, and silk. They traded with Persia, Central Asia, Arabia, and the Roman Empire.
The Han Dynasty ruled for four centuries. For the 4 centuries they ruled, China had it's golden age. All of those 400 years were thriving years because in all of China's history, the Han period (206B.C.E. to 220A.D.) was the golden age of China except for when it was briefly interrupted by the Xin Dynasty from 9A.D. to 23A.D. The main reason for the civilization to thrive was the government who brought China back up after the dictatorship during the Qin Dynasty.
List of Leaders
Leaders of the Han Dynasty
What did the Hans create?
The Hans have many inventions that have affected today's technological advances. Here is a quick list of all the main inventions of the Ancient Han Dynasty: cast iron tools, paper making, kites, glazed pottery, wheel barrow, loom, silk, astronomy, crossbow, compass, agriculture, industry, seismograph, flex armor, medicine, ships rudder, stirrups for horses, hot air balloon, embroidery, gun powder, mechanical clock, porcelain, and ink.
Fall of the Dynasty
Why and how did the Han Dynasty come to an end?
The Han Dynasty came to an end in 220A.D. It ended because warlord, Dong Zhou, took control over the Dynasty and put Liu Xie under control of the dynasty. Since Liu Xie was only a child, he didn't have enough power to rule the whole dynasty so Dong Zhou took over the nation which started a lot of civil wars. The Han Dynasty ended because the country was divided because of all the civil wars. China had to wait around another 300 years to be reunited again.
Han Dynasty. (2006, February 9). Han Dynasty. Retrieved June 3, 2014, from http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/chinahist/han.html
Han Dynasty. (n.d.). Chinese Dynasties. Retrieved June 3, 2014, from http://www.china-tour.cn/Chinese-History/Han-Dynasty.htm
Violatti, C. V. (2013, May 27). Han Dynasty. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 3, 2014, from http://www.ancient.eu.com/Han_Dynasty/