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Software Project Management
Transcript of Software Project Management
Organizing: Orderly fashion (Contingent/Prerequisites)
Controlling:is critical if we are to use our limited resources wisely
Measuring:To determine if we accomplished the goal or met the target? An information system - is any combination of information technology and people's activities that support operations, management and decision making.
interaction between people, processes, data and technology Definition of IT-
Study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems. Functions of Modern IT Departments Managing IT Resources Case Study 1 Case Study 2 Conclusion Management Structure for Information System projects Information Systems An Information System (IS) consists of five basic resources, namely:
People, consists of IT specialists (such as a Database Administrator or Network Engineer) and end-users (such as Data Capture Clerks)
Hardware, which consists of all the physical aspects of an information system, ranging from peripherals to computer parts and servers
Software, which consists of System Software, Application Software and Utility Software
Data, which consists of all the knowledge and databases
Networks, which consists of communication media and network support Enables to map out a course of action or work plan
Helps to think systematically and thoroughly
Variety of Resources
Time bound IT projects have a terrible track record -
A 1995 Standish Group study (CHAOS) - 16.2 percent of IT projects successful in scope, time, and cost goals
Over 31 percent of IT projects canceled before completion, costing over $81 billion in the U.S. alone Better control of financial, physical, human resources
Improved customer relations
Shorter development times
Higher quality and increased reliability
Higher profit margins
Better internal coordination
Higher worker morale (less stress) Processes for Software Development Management : Risk management - measuring/assessing risk, developing strategies to manage the risk
- business case for starting the project
- cost-benefit analysis
- contingency plan Requirements management - identifying, eliciting, documenting, analyzing, tracing, prioritizing and agreeing on requirements and then controlling change and communicating to relevant stakeholders
Change management - related to changes to scope(project management)
Software configuration management - identifying, and documenting the scope itself Processes for Software Development Management : Release management - testing, identifying, documenting, prioritizing and agreeing on releases of software, controlling the release schedule SPM Process core components are Initiating, Planning, Executing, Controlling and Closing
SPM Process revolves around resources such as time, money, people, materials, energy and space
Projects are temporary in their nature and are organized to create a unique product or service
SPM was typically confined as engineering process to construct various software products
SPM Establishment of a uniform project management planning method and platform
SPM help us to control complexity of projectSPM help us in order to automate the process of software development Weak business case
Lack of senior management commitment
Inadequate project planning - (budget, schedule, scope, etc.)Absence of user involvement
New or unfamiliar technologyLack of defined, clear or concise requirements IT Projects Failure Reasons Project Management Must be organized into effective teams
Motivated to do high-quality work
Coordinated to achieve effective communication and results
Effective Leadership People Senior managers - define business issues that impact project
Project (technical) managers - must plan, motivate, organize and control the project team
Customers - specify requirements
End users - use the software People Software Managing Software Development through methodologies and frameworks Role of Modern IT
1. Fields of Study
2. Operations of Military and its Intelligence
6. Information Role of IT in the Modern Corporate Enterprise:
Enablers and Inhibitors in Aligning IT and Business Strategy:-
Low level of IT/business area integration
Perceiving the business area internal user as the customer.
Reactive rather than proactive service.
Excessive focus on time-related and count-oriented goals.
Inability or failure to measure IT's contribution to the company's top line and profit
Enablers: High level of IT/business area integration
IT's knowledge of the company and its customers.
Partnerships between business area and IT in setting goals.
Strong IT involvement in developing overall business strategy.
Enterprise wide commitment toward achieving corporate objectives. 1.Inventory Management
3.Management Information Systems
4.Customer Relationship Management Popular Information Technology Skills:
Some of the most popular information technology skills at the moment are:
Project Management Functions of Information Technology in Modern Day Business
Benefits within Businesses
Job Creation What is a Project? The fundamental nature of a project is that it is a “temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result.” Projects are distinguished from operations and from programs. What is Project Management? Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals. A project is a temporary endeavor with a defined beginning and end (usually time-constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverable), undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value. Project Management What is Software Project Management? Software project management is the art and science of planning and leading software projects. It is a sub-discipline of project management in which software projects are planned, implemented, monitored and controlled. Iron Triangle