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Hero Journey Map: Craig Kielburger

Cor 270-11- Heroes and Heroines
by

Ashley Harrison

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Hero Journey Map: Craig Kielburger

Bangladesh Toronto, Ontario The Hero's Journey: A Monomyth Craig Kielburger The Departure
Reads about Iqbal Masih in local newspaper while searching for comics Life Begins Born December 17th, 1982

Grew up in Thornhill, Ontario Presents article to fellow 6th graders and asks "Who's with me to fix this?" Leads his mundane life for 12 years Iqbal was also 12 years old and was shot dead in the streets of India after escaping from child laboring and speaking out about it Craig compares his life of cross country practice, friends at school, and a home to live in to Iqbal's life 12 Twelve year olds became determined Campbell's Comparison “…the individual is drawn into a relationship with forces that are not rightly understood” (Campbell 42) - Craig doesn't understand why child laboring and poverty is happening- Craig was never taught about such atrocities in school "The Awakening of the Self” - Craig finds a passion and something he wishes to pursue and aid "The destiny has summoned the hero and transferred his spiritual center of gravity from within the pale of his society to a zone unknown”(Campbell 48) - Craig realizes that his society, the one of a small Canadian city, no poverty, and rights for children is very much different than the rest of the world's children's lives Refusal of the Call Craig doesn't think he can accomplish any sort of change He feels that children are not given empowerment by society and that he is too young to make a difference Craig's theory and point is proven when the Prime Minister of Canada, Jean Chretien, refuses to meet with him and laughs at the idea of holding any form of meeting with a 12 year old The Call to Adventure Campbell's Comparisons It is a time when the hero's life feels meaningless Craig feels as if he cannot accomplish anything substantial being as young as he is and no one sees him as important and 'meaningful' …essentially a refusal to give up what one takes to be one’s own interest” (Campbell 49) Craig struggles with pursuing his goal of changing poverty and child labor; to give up on his interest "Every young person has an issue that hits them in the heart," says Kielburger. "But I believe that society has taught them they don’t have the power to change things, that they have to wait until they’re adults to achieve results." Supernatural Aid Though not supernatural by any means, 12 students in his class stood up to make a difference along with him and if it were not for them, the organization he created later would not exist The fellow students he presented the article to The Media The media, TV, radio, newspapers, etc. allowed Craig to spread the stories of children in poverty and how the rest of the world was in need of help "They don’t want to be seen as little creatures who need help," he says. "The only gift you can give them in return for the time they spend with you is to carry their stories home with you."But behind every interviewer’s smile was the profound amazement that a young boy could speak so eloquently, could gain media attention for his organization, and could bring an issue most people preferred to sweep under the rug into the international spotlight. After all, he was thirteen. (He’d celebrated a birthday during his trip.) The Crossing of the First Threshold The unknown for Craig was jumping into the idea of changing the perceptions of how adults view children's perseverance and goals as well as the ability to, essentially, change the world for the better The proof that a 12 year old can actually make a difference The trip to Bangladesh, India at the age of 12 years old, unattended and with nothing but a backpack and a video camera, changed the views of people around the world The Belly of the Whale Campbell's Comparisons “ Beyond...the limits is darkness, the unknown, and danger” (Campbell 64) Craig puts himself in serious danger by traveling to India alone though he goes on the adventure in order to understand the inevitable 'unknown' He goes so that he can understand child labor and poverty as they are situations that are out of the westernized knowledge and learning "It is only by advancing beyond those bounds, provoking the other, destructive aspect of the same power, that the individual passes, either alive or in death, into a new zone of experience” (Campbell 67) Craig quite literally abandons everything he knows for a different culture, atmosphere, and a whole new experience in order to gather information about children his own age in rural, underdeveloped countries "The adventure is always and everywhere a passage beyond the veil of the known into the unknown...yet for anyone with competence and courage the danger fades" (Campbell 68) Craig goes on the journey in order to prove that a child can make a difference; he shows his courage when other people, adults throughout the world, cannot By going on his journey to India, he changes his whole perspective on children his age around the world = Craig has a run in with the Prime Minister while in India = When Craig finds out that the PM is in also on a visit to India, he wishes to meet with him; he is denied. Instead, he arranges a press conference announcing that the PM has a "moral responsibility" to take action on child labor. After hearing Craig speak, Chretien decided to meet with him and raise the awareness of child labor to the trade delegation as well as spoke of the matter with the President of Pakistan and PM of India a rebirth of knowledge a rebirth from being viewed as a mere child to being a world changer Campbell's Comparisons “The idea that the passage of the magical threshold is a transit into a sphere of rebirth is symbolized in the worldwide womb image of the belly of the whale” (Campbell 74) By traveling to India Craig is truly showing his rebirth into a more conscientious, knowledgeable average kid It is from his journey to India, he his revitalized and becomes to man that has and continues to change the world Initiation The Road of Trials Being as young as he was, Craig had little funds to start his "Free the Children" organization Because no one viewed him as being able to achieve anything substantial, he originally had little help from authority and government When he eventually spoke out about the matter and his desire for FTC to get off the ground, the Ontario Federation of Labour's member all started donating thousands of dollars for a grand total of $150,000 directly put to the exploitation of working children http://www.tubechop.com/watch/953379 Meeting with the Goddess Though it wasn't exactly a goddess per se, in which Craig fell into unconditional love with, he did fall in love with the idea of changing the lives of children around the world Iqbal Masih Campbell's Comparisons "While Free the Children was founded on the basis of ending child exploitation and poverty, the greatest challenge was in proving that young people were not apathetic and indifferent, but important change makers. At Free the Children, we made it our task to show the world that young people were in fact resourceful, creative, and insightful, and had an uncanny ability to channel hopelessness and frustration into positive action! Who could understand young people’s issues better than young people themselves?" - Craig "The hero...discovers and assimilates his opposite (his own unsuspected self)...One by one the resistances are broken" (Campbell 89) He learns so much more about the problems and what needs to be changed while going about his adventures Campbell's Comparisons "The woman...represents the totality of what can be known. The hero is the one who comes to know" (Campbell 91) Though Craig has no almighty "Goddess", he comes into the known of what is happening throughout the world that he wishes to change and how he will go about doing so. He comes to know what he loves. Woman as the Temptress "For Campbell, this step is about the revulsion that the usually male hero may feel about his own fleshy/earthy nature... Woman is a metaphor for the physical or material temptations of life, since the hero-knight was often tempted by lust from his spiritual journey" (Heroes Journey) Though it is not explicitly put, I am sure that Craig struggled with the material temptation of wanting to be like other kids his age. Instead, he had to be mature and determined the moment he created FTC; he gave up his childhood and his ability to love material items in order to put himself in the role of third-world countries’ children and to truly make a difference with his organization. Campbell's Comparison "I play video games and watch TV, but there's more to life than that. Faxing and the Internet have created a global community. The kid next door has become the kid in Latin America or Asia"- Craig Atonement with the Father There was definitely set backs and confrontations up until this point of Craig's journey; for instance, the ability to gather other children and students to join Free the Children as well as have adults, who hold the power to actually make change, take him seriously Though he does not meet with a father and hold atonement with said character, he does capture the ideal of leaving who he was behind, the middle class Torontonian boy, for who he becomes: the boy, now man, whose every act is selfless and who puts himself in the shoes of all those in poverty throughout the world. Campbell's Comparison "Atonement consists in no more than the abandonment of that self-generated double monster- the dragon thought to be God (superego) and the dragon thought to be Sun (repressed id). But this requires an abandonment of the attachment to ego itself; and that is what is difficult" (Campbell 110) For Craig this is the stage where he completely abandoned his childhood for the goodness and betterment of changing the world; the selfless road he continued onward in his life. A tough task to deal with however, he accomplished such with seeming ease Apotheosis Craig breaks away from his childhood and officially into the realm of altruism Craig and his friends create Free the Children and get the funding to go about making it into a huge organization Campbell's Comparison "...He is filled with compassion for the self-terrorized beings who live in fright of their own nightmare. He rises, returns to them, and dwells with them as an egoless center, through whom the principle of emptiness is made manifest in its own simplicity" (Compassion 141) Campbell's hero and Craig go inextricably hand in hand here. Craig 's whole purpose for his actions was to aid those who live in fear of their each and every day of poverty and labor and he was one, when many others did not, stand up and take action The Ultimate Boon This is the fact that FTC was actually created. Craig and his friends, along with brother Marc, actually got the the organization off the ground and in progress to become the organization that it is today This is the step in which the accomplishment occurs; what the hero has worked for up to this point and that is for Free the Children to be transformed from an idea to an actual being Campbell's Comparison The Return Because Craig is only 31 years old and still creating more and more to add to his organization, he is not yet on his "Return" from his heroic journey; rather, he is still very much on it and going strong "The ease with which the adventure is here accomplished signifies that the hero is a superior man, a born king. Such ease distinguishes numerous...deeds of incarnate gods. Where the usual hero would face a test, the elect encounters no delaying obstacle and makes no mistake" (Campbell 148) Master of the Two Worlds This stage of Campbell's 'Return' does fit with Craig's heroic journey however, as he quite simply is the master of both the developed and the underdeveloped world He is one man who truly understands the differences of both and will never stop the perseverance to make the two worlds indifferent, interchangeable, and equal. Craig is looked at as a role model to all those who know of him and the epitome of a hero to all those he has helped and the changed the lives of "The slums of Calcutta can bring a person to tears. It was not the poverty, however, but the incredible welcome that moved me the most. These people accepted me into their lives, brought me into their homes, and offered to share what little food they had with me."- Craig LIFE GOES ON Craig went on to receive higher education at The University of Toronto He graduated with a degree in Peace and Conflict Studies and a double minor in Psychology and Politics In 2009- he completed his Executive MBA at Schulich School of Business at York University Accomplishments of Free the Children 500 schools have been built in 16 different countries i.e. Kenya, Sierra Leone, and Haii 120 employees in Toronto headquarters Last year alone, the charity took in $15,683,212 in donations They have the world's "largest network of children helping children through education" After finishing his law degree at Harvard, Marc Kielburger, Craig's older brother, joined forced and together they created an add-on to FTC: Me to We Me to We is an innovative social enterprise that provides people with better choices for a better world. Through socially conscious and environmentally friendly products and life-changing experiences, Me to We measures the bottom line not by dollars earned, but by the number of lives changed and the positive social and environmental impact made.

Half of Me to We’s net profit is donated to Free The Children, while the other half is reinvested to grow the enterprise and its social mission. "Adults find taking action on large issues like child labor a lot scarier than we do," he says, "because they’re more entrenched in their thinking. They say things like: ‘Oh, I can’t do that. I have a job and a family.’ But young people haven’t become conditioned to think in a little box; we don’t even know a box exists."
"People put us down as being young and dreamers, which I frankly find encouraging. It’s the dreamers who thought that one day the Berlin Wall would fall or that apartheid in South Africa would end."Iqbal was his hero and inspiration: "I saw him as a hero for speaking out about child labor," says Kielburger." I suddenly understood that a young person can make a difference." Captions Part 1 : A Freud had the theory of penis envy where he believed that women were constantly having the feeling of innate jealousy of the fact that men had penises. Mainly because he theorized that the symbol of a penis signified, to women, power and strength in turn, what they so desired when they grew up. Though his theory was proven faulty, Craig Kielburger followed a similar path by, instead of being jealous of the other gender, he and his brother were constantly jealous of one another’s ‘penis’. Though, not literally of course, both the Kielburger brothers have constantly had competition with one another throughout the process of getting FTC to the organization it is today. However, their competition seemingly makes FTC work harder and strive more to be the best it can be and now, they have come to terms with the fact that they both have their own roles in the organization. Penis Envy in a Whole New Light What's Behind the Help? Craig has certainly struggled with people throughout his heroic journey that put him down and state that he doesn’t do what he does for the intrinsic value of the people, and instead, he aids in order to achieve something for himself out of it. It’s sad but it’s true. People always look for what could possibly be behind goodness in terms of selfishness and hence, he has been accused countless times for stealing the money from FTC for his own self-worth. The psychoanalytic approach of what’s under the conscious mind and inside the subconscious? Part 1: B The Strife of Man As Barry has pointed out, men have the opportunity to gain power over the ability of women. It is the classic situation of sexism and how men are able to take more control than women ever have been. Though it isn’t correct by any means, Craig has gained the access to this control; I think a big reason that he has been able to accomplish as much as he has since he created his fight for freedom of children and FTC in general, he has had the opportunities to speak out and teach those who now understand the situations around the world, because he is a man. The Fight for Women Part of Craig’s initiative since creating his organization has been to allow women in third world countries the access to equality that men have; be it in education, working, etc. He has created special jobs for women in which allow them to create art and jewelry in order to make a profit and an income for their household. So, though Craig has benefited from being a man in the western culture and in turn, appertained the moments to become as powerful with his words as he is, he is using that opportunity to fight for women’s rights; truly admirable. Part 1: C Altering the World, Changing the Times Craig is truly a cultural hero for not only North Americans but also for all Caucasians, African Americans, and those in third world, underdeveloped countries. This photo signifies all of that. This photo was taken when Craig worked as hard as he did in order to get the government in Africa, along with many other activists, to get free education amongst the countries. When the government did change the laws, and free education was given to all children, millions upon millions of children started showing up at schools; so much so that there was not nearly enough room in any school to take in the newly admitted students. Craig is a hero to North Americans who can view him as helping not just one person but an entire continent of people, but he is a hero to Caucasians. He doesn’t have to do what he does for others but he does, and he stops at nothing. As a result of his kindness and his efforts, he is the epitome of a hero to Africans who knows who he is. FTC schools are now a prominent thing within Africa and so many look up to him with honor and pride on how they now have the education and equality that they do. Part 2: A Classless is the Best Class to Be In Ever since Craig commenced the start up of FTC and since his desire was sparked to do so, the whole premise he based his premonition on was the idea of equality. He hated the fact that Iqbal was a young boy, just like him, who, because of the lower class he was a part of in an extremely impoverished society, died due to child labor. Craig knew that Iqbal’s story was not right and in turn, he created FTC so that he could educate not only his friends and peers about this inequality millions of children around the world were facing, but also higher authorities and adults at large. The idea of the classless state would be one Craig would immediately advocate for. Equality for all is what he is based on and I think that if it were really a possibility for a classless society to exist, without downfall, Craig would find some way to put it into action. Superhero Superstructure According to Marxism, the Superstructure is based essentially on the idea that the economy is what creates the base and whatever sits above the base, i.e. education, family, etc. is largely only there because of what the base consists of. Consequently, it means that if one were to have a very good income, then they can have a large family who all receive a good education, a big house, lots of food, are more involved in the politics, etc. And I think this is true, however, I think as Craig would see it, what about the underdeveloped countries? Those countries that have no income whatsoever for their people and as a result, are in poverty. A lot of what he believes in and advocates for is that he acknowledges the fact that that is how westernized society works, however, he does not necessarily accept it. Instead, he creates education for these children in poverty, with no income, so that they can go out into the world and get income to raise a family and to actually be involved in politics and have a home and food. His whole motto behind FTC is “children helping children through education” and as a result, he uses education for children to move forward in life and not, instead, using income and what someone’s worth is to determine how they are to live their lives. He acts in spite of that westernized tradition to help those in need by other means. Part 2: B Colonization Happens Craig definitely understands why places like Africa and India have been left in the disarray they have been in the past one hundred years. He is an intellect and went to school to get a degree to actually understand why poverty exists and how to battle it. With a degree in political science and peace and conflict studies, he fully comprehends the fact that a big reason for countries being in poverty and for being undeveloped in the present day is because they were colonized and then left to fend for themselves. Africa is a continent that Craig is constantly aiding and trying to help out because he realizes that they got to be the way they are, not by lack of care or lack of ability to get back on their feet, it is the fact that the Europeans knocked them off their feet to begin with. They wanted what they had, took slaves, and then up and left it in a state of belligerence. Hence, Craig is truly the hero that recognizes this and doesn’t place blame where it is not intended, however, where many people tend to do when viewing underdeveloped countries. Universality Neutrality A lot of what Barry focuses on with post colonial criticism is the idea that once a place has been colonized by another country it is impossible to have a unity in one’s own country once again. Instead, it is always ensued by the place in which they were colonized by. He talks on the belief that countries that have been colonized are constantly under universality in the sense that they are always going to be compared to the country in which colonized them or judged by European norms and regularities. With the Me to We social enterprise, Craig is able to use this idea to his advantage. He takes into account that westerners have the ability to look upon Africa, for instance, and want to make a change. We see it on the news or read about it or learn about it in school, but never have the physical ability to stop the poverty and corruption going on. Craig, through Me to We, uses that and allows children and students of all ages to get educated and get involved and become universal and not segregated with “us versus them” mentality. He creates groups that can travel to these countries and make a difference and be integrated with the population to learn more first hand and make a change. Part 2: C Dollying with the Western Culture The fact that Craig has the power and ability to speak with the Dalai Lama first off proves that he has gotten to a point in his goals where he has accomplished enough to get him and FTC recognized by people who actually hold power in this world. In turn, Craig has opened and broadened his organization to be aided by those of different cultures and I think that is something that is very important in showing the hero that he truly is. He is expanding and allowing for aid from higher beings that he would never have been able to achieve as the 12-year-old version of himself. This speaks to the fact that he is truly moving along his monomythic journey in becoming the quintessential hero that does exist in our every day society. Craig’s whole premise and aura is made up of expanding the western culture to aid that of the underdeveloped cultures and he has definitely accomplished such. This clip proves that because he is constantly putting himself in not just the focused eye of Canada or that of certain people in South Africa, for instance, he is opening his arms to people like the Dalai Lama and places throughout the world; consequently aiming to receive the support from them that he equally gives.
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