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Japanese Robotics

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Michael Widmer

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Japanese Robotics

Japanese Robotics Robot Precursors Why did Japan embrace Robots? References Outline Japan's first Robot Modern humanoid Robots Karakuri Ningyo Aging population

Religion History of Robots in Japan

Reasons for Japan's embrace of robots

Modern humanoid Robots http://www.karakuri.info/index.html
Mori, Kathryn, Scearce, Carolyn. Robot Nation: Robots and the Declining Japanese Population (2010)
MacDorman, Karl F., Vasudevan, Sandosh K., Ho, Chin-Chang. Does Japan really have robot mania? Comparing attitudes by implicit and explicit measures. (2008)
Geraci, Robert M. Spiritual Robots: Religion and Our Scientific View of the Natural World. (2006)
Hiroshi Ishiguro Laboratory - Robots. http://www.geminoid.jp/en/robots.html
Honda Innovations. http://asimo.honda.com/innovations/ Gakutensoku Geminoids


Kuratas Dashi Karakuri Dashi Matsuri - Float Parade Karakuri perform religious rituals and scenes from myth and legend Butai Karakuri Theatre Puppets

Puppet movements inspired live action theatre Performers operate puppets from hidden deck Became popular in the Edo Period (17th century), beginning under the Tokugawa Shogunate when Japan isolated itself from the world Three main types of Karakuri First Karakuri performance in 1662

Term 'Bunraku' coined in 1684 for puppet theatre Zashiki Karakuri Small items of luxury for Feudal lords

Used for entertaining guests

Generally powered by clockwork mechanisms. Traditionally whalebone, though other forms are sand, mercury and steam Questions? Created in Osaka in 1929

Powered by compressed air

Could move head and hands, change facial expressions, and even write calligraphy

Lost in Germany Aging Population Decrease in birth rate means less workers

Increasing longevity means more seniors Robot nurses RI-MAN (2006) RIBA (2009) RIBA II (2011) Buddhism and Shinto VS Christianity Western Perspective
Humans created in image of God
Humans above rest of creation

Eastern Perspective
Kami are in everything
Humans are part of creation Consequences on Robotics West:
Attempt to transcend physical human form
Focus on the mind

Attempt to create personable robots
Focus on the form In 1980, 50% of all industrial robots were in Japan
In 2010, still at 36%
Japan sold 80,000 of 113,000 industrial robots in 2008 Geminoids Geminoid HI-2
Made to look like Hiroshi Ishiguro
50 Degrees of Freedom (DoF)
Actuators internal and external to body
Movement through compressed air
Only meant to copy movement, not move autonomously Geminoid F
Made to look like some unnamed talent
12 DoF - Mostly in face
Actuators contained within body
Compressor still external ASIMO Advanced Step in Innovative MObility
57 DoF
Autonomous real-time decisions to maintain balance
Changes behaviour based on external environment
Comprehend speech from multiple simultaneous speakers
Able to run at 9km/h and hop on one leg Byproducts of ASIMO research Stride Management Assist
Aids those who can still walk by helping to push thighs Bodyweight Support Assist
Supports lower body to ease exertion while on stairs and semi-crouching U3-X
Balance technology from ASIMO
Decides how to move by leaning Kuratas Created by Suidobashi Heavy Industry
13 feet tall and 4 tons
Moves through 30 hydraulic actuators
Can be controlled inside or by a smartphone, tablet, or smartphone
Shoots when operator smiles Walking Assist Devices
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